The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Upper Canada Herald (Kingston, ON), July  9, 1834

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p.2 We are sorry to learn that the Dalhousie steam boat sunk last Friday, at Point Maligne, on her way up the rapids, to navigate the Rideau canal. She is about a mile from this, in 6 feet of water. The beds, furniture, etc., are said to sustain little or no injury. [Cornwall Observer]

p.3 Improvement in Travelling - A gentleman of our acquaintance residing near Vittoria, London District, took passage on board the steamer Thames, at 10 o'clock, on Thursday evening last, at Ryerse's wharf (Woodhouse) to Buffalo and Chippewa - was in Buffalo an hour and a half, in Chippewa an hour - from thence took stage to Niagara and arrived at Toronto on board the Canada at 5 o'clock the following evening - 19 hours altogether in performing a journey that formerly required weeks. The whole fare 1 pound, 12 shillings, 6 pence. [Cobourg Star]

We copy from the Chronicle a letter advanced to its Editors by Mr. George Webster, confirming the account that we gave two or three weeks ago of the deception and injustice practised on Emigrants by the Captain of the William Avery. The Captain and some of his friends have made a feeble attempt to defend his conduct; but the attempt only covers him and his paltry defenders with greater disgrace. A John Wright certifies that the passengers on that boat "receive just and proper treatment" on board. But who ever denied this? The statement is totally irrelevant - throwing dust to blink the question. The Captain may treat his passengers well when he has enticed them to his vessel - but that does not justify him in the least for engaging them under false pretences, sending them a wild goose chase across Lake Ontario and back, and subjecting them to many delays and much unnecessary expense. John Wright also thinks that our remarks were a mere "opposition squib," another false conclusion. The opposition, if any, is between the William Avery and the William IV, and the managers of this last boat have not given us their Advertisement; and though they printed our former article on this subject, as a handbill, they took the printing to another office; so that so far as interest is concerned, we have none whatever in the business. We took up the case on public grounds. We were indignant at seeing strangers, & our countrymen, cheated by a heartless, designing man, who cared not how much injury he inflicted on others, so long as he inveigled custom to his boat. The facts alleged against him cannot be contradicted, and his conduct has received general and severe reprobation.

Messrs. Editor; - Seeing in the British Whig of the 24th ultimo, a contradiction of my statement in the Herald of the 11th, respecting the conduct of the Captain of the steam boat William Avery, in seducing Emigrants to take passage with him for Toronto, when he knew that he did not go to that Port, I am induced to make a few observations. The circumstances I stated are of notoriety to numbers of the inhabitants of this town, and especially to David John Smith, and Robert Drummond, Esqrs., and can be vouched for by them.

Will Captain Johnson say, that on Sunday, the 21st of May, he did not try to get passengers under the circumstances above stated? He cannot, for he must remember that the passengers at Mr. Whelpley's Tavern, who were about to go with him, until they were informed that he went only to Rochester - finding that they were deceived by his misrepresentations, refused to go with him.

As to the transaction of the 8th June, I went on board of the boat (having been informed that he continued the same deceptive practices) expressly to inform the Emigrants that he was not going to Toronto, and I met a man on board, with his family, from my own neighbourhood at home, who said the Captain had told him he was going to Toronto. I desired him to accompany me to the Captain, and I would satisfy him to the contrary. We went; I asked the Captain if he said he would sail for Toronto? No, says he, in reply, but we go to Rochester, and meet the Constitution there. My friend then enquired, why did you tell me a different story? I then asked, Should you not meet the Constitution at Rochester, what do you intend to do with your passengers? His reply was, we must leave them there. My friend said, that under the deceit practised, or under any circumstances he would not run the risk of being disappointed in meeting the Constitution, and desired to put his family & luggage on shore; but immediately the bell rung, the plank was drawn in, & the boat plied off without giving the chance of coming on shore. This is the fact, and I leave the public to judge of the propriety, or impropriety, of Captain Johnson's conduct.

On Monday morning I met Captain Kingsmill, late of the 66th, who is now Collector of Port Hope, New Castle District and having stated the circumstances to him, he told me that the passengers of the 21st, who were landed at Rochester, had to take passages in the trading packets from Rochester to Port Hope, to get a steam boat there for Toronto.

We know very well, gentlemen Editors, that personal luggage pays no duty in the States on landing there, but guns, books, and such articles, are not classed as personal luggage, and consequently, the Deputy Collector's letter is evasive of the question of the duties charged on a gun, and the Emigrant from whom the duties exacted is from Whitby in England, and now resides about York. I will make every effort to find out his name and address to disqualify the anonymous John Wright.

It has been the general practice of the Captain of the Avery to decoy passengers under the plea of going to Toronto, & there are many respectable gentlemen who can attest this.

I am, Messrs. Editors,

Your obedient servant,


Kingston, July 5th, 1834.

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Rick Neilson
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Upper Canada Herald (Kingston, ON), July  9, 1834