The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Upper Canada Herald (Kingston, ON), March 31, 1840

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p.2 The Welland Canal - A letter from the Agent of the Welland Canal, an extract from which has been furnished us by a Forwarding House in this Village says the Canal will be ready and open by the first day of April. "I have had (says the Agent) four of the worst locks rebuilt and eight others much repaired, and on the whole hope to have the canal in better order than it ever was before." [Oswego Herald]

The Opening of the Navigation - Late rain and mild weather have loosened the ice so that the Navigation is open to the lake. One of the Stave Forwarding Company's vessels left Garden Island last Thursday for the Lake, going round by the Am. channel; and another left on Saturday night, pushing her way through the ice to the Lake. Two other vessels leave today from this harbour. The Hon. John Hamilton is expected down from Niagara in a day or two with the new Boat, the Ontario, and the trial will soon be made of her power to overcome the rapids. But we hear that the new Boat Highlander, built during the winter at Coteau du Lac, will make the first attempt to conquer the rapids.

The navigation is opened, and ample preparations have been made for doing an extensive business this year. The Hon. John Hamilton's Boats, all equipped in their usual superior manner, will run as they did last year, with the addition of a fine new Boat to run between Cobourg, Toronto and Rochester. The elegant new Boat the Henry Gildersleeve, will run between Kingston and Oswego. It has been said that the Hamilton would take the same route, but we understand that her route is not determined yet. The Sir James Kempt, the Albion, and the Kingston, will ply on the Bay of Quinty; and the Ontario and the Brockville will run between Kingston and the Long Sault, with the Dolphin in reserve, to act as circumstances require. The Oneida, and the Telegraph, American boats, will call at Kingston.

The different Forwarding Companies will enter on the season with greatly increased means and accommodations. Messrs. H. & S. Jones continue at Mr. Strange's wharf and stores, and are prepared to do an extensive trade. Messrs. Hooker & Henderson are building a large warehouse on the wharf at the foot of Store Street. The adjacent Commercial Wharf has been taken by the Hon. John Hamilton for the use of his boats. Mr. Scobell is building a large warehouse for Messrs. Sanderson & Murray; and Mr. Counter is also building another large warehouse for Messrs. Macpherson & Crane. These various stores will soon be finished. Messrs. Dickenson & Co. continue at Mr. Cartwright's wharf. Several of the forwarders have built new barges for the canal, and we hear that Macpherson & Crane will run a steam boat for passengers alone on the Ottawa, and another for the same purpose on the Rideau. Their other Boats are in preparation for the canal trade. We are also informed that the Home Govemment are going to commence the new lock at St. Ann's rapids this year, and it will be finished in another. Two new schooners have been built, and some others enlarged. In the Town several stores and houses are in progress, and the prospect is that Kingston will have a busy trade this year.

We publish the following proceedings with much pleasure. [Chronicle]

At an adjourned meeting of Owners and Masters of Lake Craft, held the 24th March 1840, at Bamford's Hotel, for the purpose of taking into consideration the propriety of adopting regulations for their protection in securing the services of seamen, and keeping in view the interests of the latter, it was resolved,

1st. That no one shall be continued in the employment of the subscribers without entering into articles of agreement to serve for a term not less than 3 months or until the close of navigation; provided the vessel shall continue in commission for that period.

2nd. That the Masters conveying out of port for the voyage any seaman without having entered into agreement shall be ten dollars, and for neglecting to have the conditions read over to such seamen, 5 dollars - such penalties to be paid into the hands of Mr. Frances Henderson, to be applied for the relief of disabled sailors, their widows or families, as may be sanctioned by 5 of the subscribers hereunto.

3rd. That the articles referred to shall embrace clauses to the following effect: viz: - That no sailor shall leave his employment whilst the vessel to which he belongs remains in an American Port, without subjecting himself to a forfeiture of 1/4 of the amount of his wages for the term of his agreement. That no sailor shall be entitled to receive his wages whilst his vessel is trading in a foreign port. That 1/4 of his wages becoming due shall remain in the hands of the Master or his employer until he has fulfilled the terms of his agreement, and such to be forfeited if he leaves without sufficient cause before such term is expired, except by giving notice fourteen days previously of his intention to do so or unless with the consent of the Master on board, or at the expiration of his agreement. No sailor to leave at any time while prosecuting a voyage unless mutually agreed upon between the Master and himself. No Master shall be allowed to discharge any seaman whilst in a foreign port except from gross ill conduct, nor at any time unless at the expiration of his agreement or from incapacity or from improper conduct, without giving 14 days notice to such seaman. By mutual agreement with the Master on board any seaman may leave at any -time or place. Any seaman being absent from the vessel without leave, shall forfeit twice the amount of his wages which would become due to him for the term of his absence.

That 200 copies of an agreement embracing the penalties and conditions above written shall be printed, and each Master shall be entitled to 2 of such copies.

John Ives Sanderson & Murray, per Wm. Gunn

W. Dickinson & Co. John Burgess

Wm. R. Taylor James Swanson

John Masson William Taylor

Joseph Simson James Twohy

John McIntyre Geo. Ives

Robert Kent

Rob't McBram

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March 31, 1840
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Rick Neilson
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
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Upper Canada Herald (Kingston, ON), March 31, 1840