The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Kingston Herald (Kingston, ON), March 31, 1846

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p.3 Opening of Navigation - The channel of the river opened up to Garden Island on Friday morning, and also above the island for some distance. Yesterday it was open from the Lake to Mr. Greer's wharf, but somewhat encumbered with floating ice.

The Lake, River and Bay boats are preparing for their usual routes, with considerable improvements in their fitting up.

A new and large steam propeller is nearly completed at the Marine Rail Way for Capt. Robt. Patterson. It will be of 140 horse power, and be capable of carrying 2000 barrels of flour, and have a cabin for thirty passengers. She will ply on the Lake and River between Hamilton and Montreal, and thus be able to place her downward freight directly on board of a seagoing vessel, saving all the cost, loss, and delay of transhipment; besides which, parties can place their freight on board and go with it themselves to market. There may be some difficulty in ascending the Galloupes rapids until the canal there be completed, which may keep this vessel from bringing a full upward freight during the present year; but there can be no doubt that this attempt to take full advantage of our costly canals will be successful. This propeller will take about double the freight that the steamboats can carry, and be worked at much less cost, so that she can afford to carry both freight and passengers at much less rates than are now charged, while the rate of speed will not be much less. The engine is from Mr. Strachan's foundry, so that the boat is entirely built at Kingston. Capt. Samuel Abbott will be second in command in this vessel, which although called Lord Byron in some of the papers, is not named yet.

p.4 For the Kingston Herald

At a meeting of the Committee of the Kingston Bethel Society, held at the house of Mr. Benjamin Meadows, on Wednesday, the 18th instant, the subjoined Constitution framed by the Committee appointed for that purpose, was read by the Recording Secretary, and adopted.

The Bethel Society was formed for the purpose of improving the moral condition of the Sailors on these Lakes. They are a class of men who, from their peculiar and perilous situation, and on account of their religious privations, are entitled to the Christian sympathy of their fellow men.


Art. 1. - The designation of this Society shall be the Bethel Society of the Town of Kingston. This Society shall add its endeavors to those already formed, for the promotion of religion among the Sailors on these Lakes.

Art. 2. - Each subscriber paying to the Society Two Dollars annually shall be a member. And each subscriber paying at one time Ten Dollars shall be a member for life.

Art. 3. - Persons may be admitted Honorary Members for meritorious conduct or for services rendered to the Society; but they shall not be allowed to vote, or take elective offices, nor shall they be charged with contributions. This rule shall not prevent the Committee from receiving any donation that any person may wish to contribute to this Society. And Foreigners who have promoted the object of the Society may also be admitted as Honorary Members.

Art. 4. - The Committee shall meet once every month for the transaction of business at such place as shall be deemed most expedient; five of whom shall form a Quorum. And the Annual Meeting shall take place on the first Tuesday in March.

Art. 5. - The Officers of this Society shall be a President, two Vice Presidents, a Recording Secretary, a Corresponding Secretary, a Treasurer, a Collector, and a Committee of thirty persons, all of whom shall be members, and elected annually.

Art. 6. - The President, or in his absence, one of the Vice Presidents, shall preside as Chairman at all meetings of the Society, and in their absence, a Chairman shall be chosen pro tem - he shall put all questions regularly moved and seconded, announce all decisions, keep strict order, and have a casting vote.

Art. 7. - The Recording Secretary shall keep fair and correct minutes of all the transactions of the Society, register members' names and residences, write all notices, make out all bills for the Collector, receive all moneys due to the Society, and pay the same to the Treasurer, taking his receipt for the same, countersign all bills previous to their being paid by the Treasurer, prepare and read the Annual Report of the transactions of the Society at their Annual Meeting, and publish the same Report in one of the Town papers, and deliver up to his successor in office all books and papers belonging to the Society, then in his possession.

Art. 8. - The Corresponding Secretary shall serve all notices for special meetings, and perform all the duties of the Recording Secretary, in the absence of that officer.

Art. 9. - The Treasurer shall receive all monies paid to the Secretary, and shall have all the Society's funds in his charge, whether monies or such other property as shall be put into his hands, and when the surplus funds amount to seven pounds ten shillings, the same shall be deposited in the Savings Bank in the name of the Society. He shall keep fair and regular accounts of all monies, as well paid as received by him, of which he shall make a quarterly report to the Society, showing the balance on hand, and shall deliver up to his successor in office all the funds, property, books and papers belonging to the Society then in his possession.

Art. 10. - The Collector shall collect all arrearages due the Society, as far as practicable, and pay the same to the Recording Secretary, for which he shall take his receipt, and shall report to the Society at each of its meetings, if called upon to do so.

Art. 11. - A Committee shall be appointed to conduct the business of the Society, consisting of thirty laymen, ten of whom shall be Sailors, the remainder, Landsmen, both of whom may be of different religious denominations of Christians. The Committee shall appoint all officers, and shall be charged with procuring for the Society a suitable place for preaching and proper persons to officiate therein.

Art. 12. - The Committee shall be entitled to purchase the Holy Scriptures without note or comment, Tracts, and other Religious books, at the lowest possible price, to be circulated by the Society among Seamen and their families.

Art. 13. - The Committee shall select suitable persons to visit Seamen and their families; to distribute Bibles, Testaments, The Seamen's Hymn Book, Tracts, and other religious works; to invite them to the place of public worship; and to promote the Gospel among Watermen.

Art. 14. - The Committee shall have power to form Societies, such as, Sabbath Schools, Temperance Societies, Tract Societies, and Bible Societies, and also to establish Temperance Boarding Houses for Sailors.

Art. 15. - All the Office-bearers shall be considered, ex-officio, members of the Committee.

Art. 16. - The Secretaries for the time being shall be considered as members of the Society, but no other persons shall have that privilege.

Art. 17. - The Committee shall have power to expel from the Society any Member that may have been convicted by a jury of his countrymen of felony, or of any disgraceful conduct.

Art. 18. - The President, with the advice of any three members, shall call a Special Meeting of the Society, by giving the Recording Secretary three days' notice.

Art. 19. - In case of death or resignation of any officer of this Society, some member shall be elected at the next monthly meeting to fill the vacancy.

Art. 20. - This Constitution shall not be altered or amended except at a regular Annual Meeting of the Society, and with the concurrence of two thirds of the members present.

WILLIAM MERRILL, Recording Secretary.

Kingston, 19th March, 1846.

The Steamer Highlander - This splendid Boat is at present in the St. Lawrence Canal, at the East end of this Town, where she had taken up her Winter quarters at the closing of the navigation. The contemplated alterations in her dimensions are rapidly progressing - the carpenters being at work for nearly the last month. The stern is rounded off, so as to admit her to pass with ease through the Locks of the Beauharnois Canal, and a tier of state rooms have been commenced and progressed with considerably, upon her promenade deck. Her shape and appearance will thus be much altered, and her accommodations rendered superb. Her speed and power is already acknowledged to be superior to that of any other Boat that "walks the water" between Montreal and Toronto. Captain Stearn - her commander is "a trump" - her crew able and steady, and the Highlander - herself, a general favorite. It is expected weather permitting - that she will commence her trips between Kingston and Lachine, early next month. We wish her every success. [Cornwall Observer, March 19th]

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March 31, 1846
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Rick Neilson
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Kingston Herald (Kingston, ON), March 31, 1846