Deepening of the Cobourg Harbour.
On several occasions lately we have been called upon to notice this important public work, in refutation of the unfounded aspersions of certain interested opponents. Our opinion therefore of its merits, and that a very trifling additional outlay in extending the piers and dredging would make it one of the best and most useful harbors in the country, will be fresh in the recollection of all our readers. We have now the extreme gratification of informing them that a recent survey of its soundings, made at our suggestion on Saturday last, by Mr. Lyons, the resident Engineer appointed by the Board of Works, has fully confirmed this opinion and more than borne out every assertion. Since the openings between the cribs - through which alone we have all along contended the sand accumulated, of which so much has been said, could have passed into the harbor - were closed it is now satisfactorily established the action of the waves has had quite an opposite effect, clearing the harbor of sand in place of piling it up! So decidedly is this found to be the case that more than 30 feet in depth of the beach has wholly disappeared from between the pier - since the previous survey - the water being at precisely the same level now as then; and we have Mr. Lyon's authority for announcing to the proprietors and captains of vessels trading at this port the very important and agreeable fact, that the harbor, outside the middle cross pier, has deepened fully three feet within the same period; and he is now perfectly satisfied that, once dredged out, there will be no further accumulation of sand within the piers. As it is, indeed, with the present depth of water, the largest steamer on the lake may enter the mouth of the harbor fearlessly in a storm, and casting anchor swing her head to sea in perfect security - an advantage every sailor will know how to appreciate. [Cobourg Star]
We are informed that a few spirited gentlemen, have lately purchased the steamer Gore, changed her name to Goderich, and by taking off her paddle-boxes, have passed her through the Welland Canal to Lake Erie. She is now on her route through Lakes Erie and St. Clair, to Goderich, Owen Sound, St. Vincent, Penetanguishene and Sturgeon Bay, and is to run for the remainder of the season between Sturgeon Bay and Detroit.... (The article also mentions the steamer Beaver, Capt. Laughton on Lake Simcoe.) [Toronto Patriot]
Two pioneers of the class of vessels which the enlargement of the Welland Canal will bring into general employment on the lakes, made their appearance in port during the last week, cleared from Cleaveland Ohio. These vessels are respectively of 220 and 240 tons measurement, rigged as brigantines, and well adapted to the carrying trade.
On Saturday we had the pleasure of visiting the Steamer Rival at the Canal Basin. She wass formerly a ferry-boat at Quebec, under a different name, but was lately purchased by Dickson, Johnson & Co., Forwarders, for their line of boats to Kingston. Previous to the purchase she had been fitted with the common paddle-wheel, and was, therefore, from her breadth at the paddle-boxes, prevented from passing through the locks of the Canals. Messrs. Dickson & Johnson having, however, made their calculations, bought the boat, and changed the common paddles for the improved paddles invented and patended by Mr. Baird, Civil Engineer. These not only have been found to increase the power, with a less expenditure of fuel, but also with a greatly diminished breadth of the paddle boxes. In the present instance, the diminution of width has been about eight feet, and such, in fact, as to enable a boat which formerly was confined of necessity to the River, to ascend to the Upper Lakes.
The Rival is the first steamer that we have seen with these new paddle-wheels, although we understand that officers in this country, under instructions from the Lords of the Admiralty, had fully tested their advantages some three years ago, and again within a few months since. The report which they made is strong in favor of the new invention, and we should not be surprised, that if the Rival outstrips her present rivals, this kind of paddle-wheel will supercede entirely the common one in Canal navigation. Its particular benefits are to be found in a diminished breadth of boat at the paddle-boxes, by which boats of large tonnage may be able to pass through the locks, and in the fact, that the peculiar shape of the paddle, and the angle at which it enters and rises from the water, effectually prevent any agitation, and so save the banks of the Canal from being washed. [Montreal Herald]
NEWS MARINE LIST.
Port of Kingston - Arrived.
June 12 - Sch. Sir Robert Peel, Wellington, 162 bls. flour, 1200 bus. wheat, 600 bus. peas, 300 bus. malt, 150 bus. rye; Brothers, Whitby, 494 bls. flour, 21 bls. pork, 10 bls. ashes; Queen Victoria, Port Dalhousie, 88 pcs. oak timber.
June 13 - Sch. Prince of Wales, Windsor, 1219 bls. flour, 1355 pipe staves; Niagara, Port Stanley, 931 bls. flour, 17 kegs lard, 2500 pipe staves; Mayflower, Wellington, 300 bus. wheat, 680 ? bls. flour; Merchant Miller, St. Catherines, 1523 bls. flour; Hannah Counter, Port Dalhousie, 90 pcs. oak timber; str. Prince of Wales, Bay Quinte, 38 kegs butter, 272 bags peas, 11 bls. flour, 6 lambs; sch. Richard Tinning, Port Credit, 462 brls. flour; England, Chatham, 7520 standard staves; Ontario, Port Burwell, 5340 pipe staves, 2700 W.I. do, 168 bls. flour; Sir Charles Bagot, Chatham, 9000 staves; Gen. Brock, Port Dalhousie, 82 pcs white oak; Lord Seaton, do, 79 pcs. oak; Canada, do. 64 pcs. do.; Ellen, Hamilton, 800 bls. flour, 149 pcs cherry lumber; William Wallace, Oswego, 365 bls. water lime; Irwin, Port Brest, 50917 W.J. Staves, 1000 pipe staves.
June 14 - Sch. Shannon, Chatham, 10174 pipe staves; Eliza, do 9550 do; Maid of the Mill, Humber, 1403 bls flour; Jesse Woods, Toronto, 927 bls flour; Caledonia, Chatham, 11820 staves.
June 16 - Sch. Lord Nelson, Bowmanville, 631 bls. flour; Empress, Cobourg, 600 bls flour, 5 do ashes; St. Patrick, Western District, 13637 pipe staves; str. Prince of Wales, Bay of Quinte, 92 bls flour, 9 do ashes; sch. Mohawk, Port Burwell, 1326 pipe staves, 32,068 W.I. staves; Amity, Port Hope, 727 bls flour; Illinios, Sacketts, 3850 bus wheat.
June 17 - Sch. Princess Victoria, Hamilton, 1329 bls flour, 25 kegs butter; Shamrock, Port Dover, 3000 staves, 852 bls flour; C.J. Robinson, Hamilton, 1177 bls flour, 40 do whisky, 17 do ashes; Lady Bagot, Rond Eau, 11000 pipe staves; str. Prince Edward, Bay Quinte, 114 bls flour, 13 do ashes, 22 do beer; sch. Sophia, Rond Eau, 9500 standard staves; bark Eleonora, Port Dalhousie, 358 pcs oak timber.
June 18 - Sch. Thames, Hamilton, 1242 bls flour; Emerald, Port Credit, 435 bls flour; Nile, Cobourg, 500 bls flour; Propeller Beagle, Humber, 1001 bls flour; Wm. H. Merritt, Chatham, 6650 pipe staves; str. Prince of Wales, Bay of Quinte, 12 bls beer, 13 do flour, 13 do peas.
June 19 - Sch. Henrietta, St. Catherines, 1379 bls flour, 100 half bls do, 3 bls 1 keg lard; Wm. Penn, Hamilton, 72 pcs oak timber.