The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Kingston News (Kingston, ON), May 4, 1846

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p.2 The reported debate in the Imperial Parliament, which in Thursday's issue was laid before our readers, does not exhibit on the part of Legislators in the mother country a vast acquaintance with Canada; but it is remarkable that Mr. Buller, who has been here, and undertook on the floor of the House to speak authoratively with respect to Canada, exhibits the grosser ignorance of Canadian trade. We know not upon what grounds, for instance, the hon. gentleman undertook to assert that Lower Canada alone was interested in the timber trade, for the fact is notorious that a most extensive and increasing trade in the article of timber is carried on in Upper Canada, and this trade was in existence when Mr. Buller visited the Province. The waters of the Trent, the Bay of Quinte, and a large section of the Rideau Canal, annually sent to this harbor a large stock of timber, and the Garden Island company had commenced operations, bringing timber and staves from the head of Lake Ontario and from Lake Erie, and rafting them here for the descent of the river. Messrs. Calvin & Cook have now eight or ten large vessels of their own employed in this trade, besides a number of chartered vessels. The trade at Port Metcalfe also requires a very large tonnage. These two establishments have about 6,000 tons of shipping constantly employed; in the summer season, when there is little doing in the transit of wheat and flour, the greater number of vessels belonging to the Lake marine are, in addition, engaged in the carriage of staves. The rapid increase of this trade has created a demand for new shipping, and within the past year, three new brigs have been built especially for it, of from 250 to 350 tons; and two barques, one of 600 and the other of 450 tons, fitted up. The enlargement of the Welland Canal to admit of the transit of vessels of 350 or 400 tons burthen, opens a still wider field for exertion, and there is not the slightest doubt that if the trade continues of a character to admit of the advantageous employment of capital in it, this comparatively new scene of labor will be entered upon with great activity on the completion of that work......

p.3 The Niagara Chronicle states that a depot has been opened in Buffalo for the enlistment of seamen and marines for the American war steamer Michigan, on Lake Erie.

Lake Combination - We understand that arrangements for the lake combination for the season, are so far completed that boats have run under its regulations for several days. The classification and arrangement of the numerous boats in the several lines, however, we are informed, is not quite completed. The passage prices established, are:

On Lake Erie.

Buffalo to - Cabin Steerage Horses, etc.

Erie, $2.00 $1.50 $2.50

Conneaut & Ashtabula 4.00 2.50 3.50

Fairport 5.00 2.50 4.00

Cleveland 5.00 2.50 4.00

Black River, Mau, Sand. 6.00 3.00 5.00

Maumee River 6.00 3.00 6.00

Maumee and Detroit 6.00 3.00 6.00

Upper Lake.

Buffalo to -

Mackinac 10.00 6.00 10.00

Milwaukee & Racine 12.00 6.00 10.00

Southport & Chicago 12.00 6.00 10.00

Furniture and luggage, to any port on the upper lakes, $1 per bbl. bulk. Double waggons, $5; single, $4. The prices of freight on the upper lakes to the 31st August, are: From Buffalo to Mackinac, and other ports above, 20 cents for heavy and 25 cents for light goods, per 100 lbs.; those of Lake Erie, to the same time, are - from Buffalo to Erie, Conneaut, Ashtabula, Grand River and Cleveland, 12 1/2 cents for heavy and 15 cents for light; and to ports above Cleveland, 15 cents for heavy and 20 cents for light. [Buffalo Commercial Adv.]

News Marine List.

Port of Kingston - Arrived.

April 28 - schr. Hannah, Cobourg, 610 bbls. Flour, Quebec Forwarding Co.; schr. Georgina, Port Dover, 1137 bbls. Flour; Schr. Anne Jane Brown, Port Hope, 34 bbls. Flour; Schr. General Wolfe, Port Dover, 1232 bbls. Flour; Schr. Isabella, Bond Head, 800 bbls. Flour; Schr. Elizabeth, P. Sarnia, 107 bbls. Pot Ashes, 175 bbls. Flour, 111 bbls. Beef, 50 bbls. Pork; Str. Otter, Trent Port, 53 bbls. Flour; Schr. Winnebago, Oswego, 419 bbls. Flour.

April 29th - Schr. Britannia, Port Darlington, 624 bbls. Flour; Schr. Queen Victoria, Stoney Creek, 97 pcs. Oak; Schr. Edith, Windsor, 2500 bus. Wheat; Schr. Hornet, Oswego, 538 bbls. Flour.

April 30th - Schr. Prince of Wales, Windsor, 1400 bbls. Flour; Schr. Sophia, Port Credit, 834 bbls. Flour, 2000 bush. Wheat; Schr. Chief J. Robinson, Hamilton, 692 bbls. Flour, 121 bbls. Pork, 37 bbls. Ashes; Sloop Eliza Morgan, Henderson, 650 bush. Corn; Schr. Mary Anne, Rochester, 162 bbls. Pork; Stmr. Prince of Wales, Bay of Quinte, 312 bbls. Flour, 1200 bbls. Flour in barges in tow.

May 1st - Schr. Enterprize, Sacketts Harbor, 900 bush Corn, 60 do. Potatoes, 6 do. Onions; Lady Bagot, St. Catherines, 1500 bbls. Flour.

May 2nd - Jessie, St. Catharines, ? bbls. Flour; Schr. Minerva Cook, Hamilton, 91 pcs. oak; Schr. Emerald, Port Hope, 360 bbls. Flour, 530 bush. Wheat.

May 4th - Schr. Ellen, Port Hope, 848 bbls. Flour; Schr. Hannah, Cobourg, 200 bbls. Flour and Sundries; Schr. Lord Nelson, Toronto, 726 bbls. Flour; Schr. A. Gage, Oakville, 50 bbls. Flour, 2009 bush. Wheat; Schr. Caledonia, 369 bbls. Pork, 262 bbls. Flour; Schr. Thames, Hamilton, 143 bbls. Whiskey, 982 bbls. Flour; Rose of Milton, Humber, 1350 bbls. Flour; Sir Charles Bagot, Port Stanley, 992 bbls. Flour, 582 bbls. Pork, 29 kegs Lard; Princess Victoria, Hamilton, 1380 bbls. Flour; Shannon, Hamilton, 1655 bbls. Flour.

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May 4, 1846
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Rick Neilson
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Kingston News (Kingston, ON), May 4, 1846