The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Chronicle & News (Kingston, ON), April 11, 1849

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The Chicago Democrat of the 14th inst. says: ....From a personal examination this morning we have obtained the following particulars: The schooner J.Y. Scammon lies on the south side with bow stove. She is considerably damaged. The S. is a large vessel, having been lengthened and repaired the last season. The Hagar lies adjoining, rudder gone and bow stove in. The Ashland, a fine lower lake vessel, has a part of her bulwarks carried away, and has made some water. The brig St. Louis, lies in the centre very badly stove, and mostly full with water. The brig Mary, also in the centre, has sustained as yet very little injury. The Excelsior has her bulwarks carried away, and lies full of water. She appears badly off. The Gen. Worth has lost her jib boom and bowsprit, and a portion of her bulwarks gone. She is badly injured. The Walton lies sunk entirely under. Her upper works are gone. The propeller Ontario is much broken. Her upper works and hull are stove; she is much strained and badly injured. The bark Utica has lost her maintop; she has apparently sustained but little injury, except from wrenching and straining. The Europe, with cargo of salt, lies with bow on shore, and partially filled with water. Her cargo has been taken out, and will be mostly saved. The steamer Pacific has received serious injury. The knees and braces which support her guards have been mostly carried away; part of both wheels and her starboard wheel-house are gone. Upper works badly damaged. Her hull appears to be uninjured and she has made no water. The Oleander lies on the north bank almost out of water. Her cut water and jib boom are gone, and she has the appearance of being badly bogged. The propeller General Taylor also lies on the north bank, her upper works having received material injury. The brig Lowell, upon the north bank, has apparently sustained but little injury. The steamer Sam Ward is on the north and upper side of the jam. Her starboard wheel and house are gone, and starboard flange broke. Her guards are badly stove and most of the knees and braces which support them carried away. She is badly injured, also, in her upper works. The schooner Buckner has lost her foreyard, and has upper works stove in. The A. Howard is badly stove, bowsprit gone and badly stove forward. The Vermont lies alongside the wharf, bowsprit and jib-boom gone, and bow stove. The little schooner General Warren lies upon the upper side of the jam, in a very much bruised condition. The steam tug Archimedes lies alongside her; though somewhat broken, no loss. The above compose the vessels now in the gorge, and which are so firmly knit together as almost to defy separation. The Whirlwind has sunken at Norton's dock, on the south side, and has the appearance of being badly stove. Her bulwarks are gone on the starboard side. She had on board her sails and rigging, stowed below. The William lies just above, her bowsprit gone and bow stove, but not apparently, otherwise seriously injured. The Monegan reported yesterday as lost, escaped the jam and is at the pier, having sustained but little injury. The Diamond, which took a dive under the fleet, lies bottom up between the piers. She had her sails and rigging on board, probably a total loss. Her hull appears sound. The propeller Genesee Chief escaped with scarcely a scratch. The Mahala, bottom up, has gone into the lake, and lies off the end of the south pier. The H. Norton, badly broken and sunk, has also been carried outside. The wharves all along the river have sustained serious injury, several being torn up entirely......

A large number of the canal boats which were swept into the lake had individuals or families on board. The propeller Rosseter, having repaired her machinery, got up steam, and at an early hour went in pursuit of vessels and canal boats carried into the lake. The schooner Union, also, having bent on her sails, is out upon the same mission. The whole offing is dotted with canal boats, remains of wrecks and bridges. As we write, the Rossester (sic) can be seen in the distance, having several canal boats in tow. There were one or two brought in, being towed by small boats during the night. The Randolph street bridge and the schooner Mahala sunk at the mouth of the river yesterday, together. During the afternoon, however, they were both carried by the force of the current out into the lake. The schooner Diamond, which was carried down the river, upon reaching the vessels wedged in near the light house, was forced, by the current completely under them, and came up on the other side. She was not badly broken, and now lies bottom up between the piers....

p.2 Bay of Quinte - We understand that the steamer Eclipse, now running between Toronto and Hamilton is to be placed upon the Bay, and will commence her trips on the 16th inst.

Canal Tolls - rumors of increases denied by government.


The new Steamer Phoenix will be ready for sailing in a few weeks. Thirty or forty men are employed daily by Messrs. McPherson & Crane, in completing this beautiful vessel. When full rigged, the Phoenix will most assuredly rank as one of the prettiest steamers in the Canadian waters. Captain Patterson, who last year had charge of the Passenger Boat on the route between Bytown and Grenville, and who gave much satisfaction to the travelling public in that capacity, will command the Phoenix.

The Prince Albert is receiving an extra over-hauling this spring. With the new coat, etc. bestowed upon the Prince this year, this vessel will have a most coquettish appearance. This Boat has never been the most regular Passenger vessel on the route between Bytown and Kingston, and being owned by a few enterprising individuals for the most part resident in Bytown and vicinity, has strong claims upon the patronage of this quarter. Capt. Lawless will resume his place on board of the Prince Albert. [Bytown Packet]

Sailing Regulations on the Lakes.

We are gratified to perceive that the sailing regulations adopted by the masters and owners of vessels on the Lakes, at a meeting held in this city in the winter of 1847, have been acknowledged by Congress, and enacted into law, with heavy penalties. It is a highly beneficial measure in its application to lake commerce. - Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That vessels, steamboats and propellers, navigating the northern and western lakes, shall, from and after the thirtieth day of April next, comply with the following regulations, for the security of life and property, to wit: during the night, vessels on the starboard tack shall show a red light; vessels on the larboard tack a green light, and vessels going off large, or before the wind, or at anchor, a white light. Steamboats and propellers shall carry on the stem, or as far forward as possible, a triangular light, at an angle of about 60 degrees with the horizon, and on the starboard side a light shaded green, and on the larboard side red; said light to be furnished with reflectors, etc. complete, and of a size to ensure a good and sufficient light; and if loss or damage shall occur, the owner or owners of the vessels, steamboat, or propeller neglecting to comply with these regulations shall be liable to the injured party for all loss or damage resulting from such neglect; and the owner or owners of any vessel failing to comply with said regulations shall forfeit a penalty of one hundred dollars, which may be recovered in an action of debt to be brought by the District Attorney of the United States, in the name of the United States, in any Court of competent jurisdiction. Approved, March 3, 1849. [Buffalo Express]

p.3 Canal Tolls Lowered on Erie Canal. [Albany Evening Journal]

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April 11, 1849
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Rick Neilson
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Chronicle & News (Kingston, ON), April 11, 1849