The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Kingston Spectator (Kingston, ON), July 24, 1834

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(from microfilm available at Queen's University - Stauffer Library)

p.2 Accident by Lightning - Mr. Drummond's warehouse, containing a quantity of rope and tar, on Store St. burnt.

A Gentleman who has recently visited Prescott and minutely examined the Boat now building in that harbour by Mr. Sandford, upon a principle similar to Burden's, but exhibiting many important improvements, has supplied us with some information on her construction and probable powers of success in ascending and descending the Long Sault Rapids. The length of this boat is 179 feet in length by 36 feet 6 inches in breadth, supported by two elliptical cylinders 177 feet in length and 9 feet in diameter, flatter in the bottom than at the top, secured with wrought iron hoops placed 8 feet apart, and planked with 2 1/2 inch plank; the keel is formed of oak. The planks are secured to the hoops by screw bits, driven from the outside and screwed within with nuts. The two hulls are placed 12 feet 6 inches apart, and there are pine beams placed within the hulls 2 feet apart and bolted through the top of each hull with screw bolts, and braced with iron braces from the beam to the bulge of each hull, which are supported with an arch framing fore and aft, braced with diamond braces from the top of each hull to the underside of the arch, and an iron rod is pushed through at the junction of the braces, continuing to the keel and secured with screws and nuts. The wheel is placed 65 feet from the stern, and the deck extends 3 feet at each end over the hulls. The after cabin is 55 feet in length by 22 in breadth, containing 32 berths, with a removable partition which separates 3 lengths of berths for ladies. We have been informed by the Architect of this enterprising experiment, that it will require 15,000 pounds weight to sink this boat one inch. Her bearings being 60 feet in length by 18 feet in breadth, she will draw with all on board, wood and water included, 24 inches, and will be propelled by two engines of 30 horse power connected with one wheel. The shift of the water wheel is placed about 6 feet above the deck, in order to give a 25 feet wheel, and the engines are upon the deck, for the purpose of fastening them better, this produces an angle of about 10 degrees. The air pumps are within the trunk of the boat worked by a lever beam through a hole in the trunk. The boilers are built upon the railroad boiler principle: the outside of a cylindrical form of 5 feet 6 inches diameter, with 29 flues of 7 inches diameter and 13 feet long. A furnace is formed the full size of the outside of the boiler. The whole length of the boiler is 19 feet. They are placed forward of the wheel, side by side, so that one smoke pipe serves for both.

The engines are outside the boilers; and the wheel, boilers and engines, are within the space of 46 feet in length, by 20 in breadth. The whole of this beautiful machinery is worked in Mr. Hulbert's foundry at Prescott, and the skill and ingenuity of the young artist exhibits many improvements in the construction of steam engines, which have received the unqualified approbation of Mr. Avery, of Syracuse. Mr. Hulbert has also a circular engine for the use of his foundry, which makes several thousand revolutions in a minute. The machinery is simple, and by its power the several lathes employed in moving the brass, copper, and iron works of the machinery are set in motion, besides the various grinding stones necessary for the sharpening of tools, etc. The beam of this engine resembles the shape of a cigar, and is of extraordinary strength, being entirely composed of wrought iron, untouched by a file, but highly polished by the hammer alone. The number of machines engaged in the foundry alone, varies from forty to fifty, and all of the most scientific class.

The most sanguine expectation of her success is anticipated; an event which cannot fail materially to change the principle of navigation hitherto subservient, upon the waters of the St. Lawrence, to difficulties dangerous and apparently insurmountable. Mr. Sandford has secured a patent for his invention, which appears to justify the utmost public confidence. We omitted to mention that the diameter of the water wheel is 25 feet 6 inches. [Montreal Herald]

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July 24, 1834
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Rick Neilson
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Kingston Spectator (Kingston, ON), July 24, 1834