The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
British Whig (Kingston, ON), Nov. 26, 1844

Full Text

p.2 Remarkable Rock - needle of rock almost reaches surface of Lake Superior.

Disarming the Canallers [Montreal Gazette, Nov. 21st]

p.3 The Rideau Canal - The navigation of the Rideau Canal is closed for the year 1844....The season has been very favorable for the Forwarders, and little if anything remains behind.



To the Editor of the Chronicle & Gazette

Mr. Editor, -

As I am under promise to several Masters on Lakes Ontario and Erie, to give them what information I can gather relative to Harbours and Shoals on these Lakes, I beg leave to trouble you with this communication.

I have just read an article in your paper of the 15th inst., signed by a Captain on Lake Ontario, on the subject of Harbours on that Lake. In case that his statement might cause doubt on some Masters of vessels, especially those not well acquainted with the North Shore of the Lake, and prevent them from taking the Harbours of Presqu' Isle and Windsor Bay for shelter in stormy weather - I beg to state for their information that the present low state of the waters of Lake Ontario, (the Lake being three inches lower at this season of the year than I have ever known it before,) there is ten feet on Presqu' Isle bar, with the gravel Point bearing W.S.W. On the first September there was 11 feet, but the Lake has fallen a foot since that time. Vessels can go in over all drawing 6 1/2 feet.

On the Bar at Windsor Bay there is 7 1/2 feet: at the end of the East Pier there is 8 feet: and at the end of the West Pier 14 feet: inside of the Bar and at the end of the Spit between the Piles, there is 10 feet. At present this is the best place for vessels to come to at. Before any dredging was done, with the present height of the Lake there would have been only 6 feet four inches on the Bar; and had not an accident occurred to the dredge on the night of the 18th October last, there would have been 9 feet all over the Bar. However, at the usual rise of the Lake, there will be on the 10th of April next a foot more than at present.

I have just received a letter from the keeper of the Lighship, Long Point Cut, Lake Erie, in which he states that on the night of the 18th Oct. last, the Sand banks on the West side of the Cut have been washed away nearly level with the water, as far as the first Trees, which is almost 3/4 of a mile West of the Cut; a few miles out on the Lake, the Cut will now appear much wider than it has formerly. The proper way to run into the Cut is to bring the Lightship to bear N. by W. 1/2 W.; with this course they will go in, in 13 feet water.

The keeper also informed me that on the night of the 18th, the American schooner Birmingham came in solely by the light, not being able to see the land, and was the means of saving themselves and the vessel. This he states to be the Captain's own words.

What I have now stated is only from an anxious desire that the true state of these Harbours should be known to those whom it may concern; and also from a duty that one sailor owes to another - especially on these Lakes, where Charts with proper soundings cannot be had.

I am, Sir,

Your most obedient servant,


Whitby, 18th Nov., 1844.

The Weather - The navigation may be said to be closed for the season....The Highlander left yesterday afternoon with a large load of passengers proceeding to the Seat of Government. We understand that the City of Toronto will continue her trips between Kingston and Toronto to the 1st proximo. An occasional American boat touches at this port, but most of them have taken up their winter quarters. The boats on the Bay of Quinte are still running, but last night would close the Bay, and probably freeze up the steamers on their route......

Media Type:
Item Type:
Date of Original:
Nov. 26, 1844
Local identifier:
Language of Item:
Rick Neilson
Copyright Statement:
Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
WWW address
Powered by / Alimenté par VITA Toolkit

My favourites lets you save items you like, tag them and group them into collections for your own personal use. Viewing "My favourites" will open in a new tab. Login here or start a My favourites account.

British Whig (Kingston, ON), Nov. 26, 1844