The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
British Whig (Kingston, ON), July 4, 1845

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For The Information and Guidance of the Collector and Other Officers of the Customs at the Several Inland Ports of Entry within the Province of Canada.

(from Act of Provincial Legislature 8th Victoria, cap. 4 - Regulations and Orders)

Inland Ports divided into Eight Classes - Toronto is 1st Class;

Kingston and Hamilton are 2nd class;

3rd class - none at present;

4th class - Coteau du Lac, Dundee, Brockville, Stanley, Philipsburg, Chippewa, Colborne;

5th class - Cobourg, Queenston, Niagara, Fort Erie, Gananoque;

6th class - Port Dalhousie, Chatham, Port Hope, Dover, La Colle, Prescott, Russeltown;

7th class - Stanstead, Sandwich, Oakville, Windsor, Credit, Amherstburgh, Turkey Point, Darlington, Bond Head;

8th class - Belleville, Sarnia, Freleighsburg, Huntingdon, Hallowell, Burwell, Bath, Dunville, Maria Town, Goderich, Cornwall, River aux Raisans, Sault Ste. Marie, Rond Eau, Owen Sound, Sutton, Potton, Eaton, Clarenceville, Beauce, Hemingford, Compton, Penetanguishene.

- rates of pay for officers given; rules for officers, expectations, etc. (2 columns)

p.3 Steamboat Accommodation on the Ottawa Line - It is the intention of Messrs. McPherson & Crane to commence starting the Porcupine steam-boat at 5 o'clock in the morning on Monday next, thus conveying passengers to Montreal from Bytown the same day, in daylight. What a pity it is the Grenville Canal is not sufficiently large to admit steamers to go through direct from here to Montreal. When the Lachine Canal is completed we hope to see the Board of Ordnance set about widening the Grenville Canal and thus afford us steamboat navigation all the way through to Montreal and Quebec. The trade and travel of the growing Ottawa country to Montreal and Quebec now require such an uninterrupted navigation.

[Bytown Packet, June 28th]

New and Important Mail Route - We understand that an arrangement has been entered into by Major Hobbie, First Assistant Post Master Gen., and Mr. Fexton on the part of the American Steamboat Company running on Lake Ontario and River St. Lawrence, by which a Daily Mail is to be carried between Lewiston and Ogdensburg. This arrangement will be of great importance to the inhabitants of the Northern part of the State, and one which they have long been in need of, and we can now boast of what our Canadian neighbors have to boast of, in the Royal Mail Steamers, viz. a first rate Daily line of American Mail Steamers. We are pleased to see a disposition on the part of the Post Office Department to give our Northern friends all the mail facilities in their power under the new law and low postage, which goes into operation at this time. [New York Semi-Weekly Tribune]

Something New - The American Steamboat Express has commenced towing rafts on the Bay of Quinte in opposition to the William IV. How Brother Jonathan would stare if the "Britishers" were to place a steam-tug on the Hudson River as a tow-boat between Albany and New York! And what a "hue and cry" the Canadian Lumber Merchants would raise if United States Timber, from the State of Maine for instance, were admitted into England on a par with Canadian Timber! Nevertheless these same parties have procured a foreign vessel to oppose one far superior, owned by a good British subject and manned by a British crew, merely because the foreign vessel promises to do the work a trifle cheaper.

We have no inclination to favor or encourage monopolies which would prove injurious to the general interests of the country by extorting exhorbitant prices, but we are equally opposed to a ruinous competition. The William IV is a large and powerful vessel and adapted to do twice as much business as the Bay and River affords at present, and we are informed by impartial judges that her rates for towing are not too high. The Express is a foreign vessel of small power, which has been lying idle in a foreign port - her proprietors having no doubt received compensation for laying her up - yet she is brought over here to reduce what is admitted to be a fair renumerating price.

The Americans have of course a perfect right to send their vessels to the Bay of Quinte, and to refuse support to a British vessel plying direct between this port and Oswego, but we cannot admit that it is good policy in Canadians to encourage or support them in doing so.



of the


ON WEDNESDAY the 23rd July, at the Pioneer Company's Wharf Kingston, the Subscriber will sell by Public Auction, the superior Schooner Amherstburgh, with her sails, Rigging, Anchors, Chains, Cables, Boats, Furniture, etc., in complete sailing order. This Vessel is well known on the Lakes as a First Class Schooner, only four years old, of great capacity for carrying freight, and will be found well worth the attention of persons engaged in the carrying trade.

Terms - one-fourth of the purchase money to be paid in Cash, the remainder in equal instalments at four, eight and twelve months, with interest, secured by approved endorsed promissory notes.

Sale at 12 o'clock noon.

THOMAS GREER, Auctioneer.

Kingston, 31st July, 1845.

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July 4, 1845
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Rick Neilson
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
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British Whig (Kingston, ON), July 4, 1845