The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
British Whig (Kingston, ON), April 15, 1848

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It appears somewhat doubtful, whether the American Line of Lake and River Steamboats will continue to visit Kingston this season. Owing to a late law of the New York Legislature every emigrant entering the State must pay one dollar. This impost has been in existennce for many years, but its collection was confined to the seaward ports. Now it is made general, and at Oswego, Rochester, Buffalo and other places on the Lakes, orders have been received by the Customs Authorities, to be very rigid in the carrying out of the new law, owing to the vast number of Irish and other Emigrants, who made a practice of passing through the Canadas towards the ultimate place of their destination. "It is an ill wind that blows nobody good." Population is wealth, and if ten or twenty thousand emigrants per annum remain in Canada, instead of going to the States, the province will be the gainer thereby. And, if the American Steamers no longer touch at Kingston, on their way up and down the river, for fear of being burdened with emigrants, it will give opportunity to place on the route to Oswego, a first class British Boat, and thereby secure the large freight business annually done from that port to Kingston. Our own opinion is that we are premature in these remarks, and that the news is too good to prove true. The Americans know the value of the trade between Oswego and Kingston (which they entirely monopolise,) to allow it to slip from between their fingers, without some other cause than a trifling Customs House restriction.

Navigation - The Steamer Eclipse now plies daily (Sundays excepted) between Toronto and Hamilton. She leaves Hamilton at half past seven in the morning, and returning leaves Toronto at 2 in the afternoon.

The Steamer Telegraph commenced running between Hamilton and Lewiston on Monday. She leaves Hamilton at 7, morning, and returning, leaves Lewiston at 2, afternoon.

The Steamer Chief Justice plies daily, (Sundays excepted) between Toronto and Niagara. She leaves Toronto at half past 7 in the morning, and returning, leaves Lewiston and Queenston at one in the afternoon.

The Steamer America plies twice a week between Toronto and Rochester, touching at Cobourg and other ports. She leaves Toronto on Wednesday and Saturday mornings, at eleven o'clock, and leaves Rochester every Monday and Thursday evenings. The Genesee Chief, a fine steamer of 500 tons, will soon be placed on this route.

The Toronto and Kingston line will commence their regular trips for the season next week; at present they run, as the Printers say, semi-occasionally. We understand that the Magnet has been douceured, and will take her place in the Royal mail line, in room of the Sovereign, which is to be held in reserve for emergencies by the monopoly. The fare is not to be $3 this season, as the public were justified in expecting, but $4, the old price. [Toronto Globe]

p.3 The schooner Scotland, laden with 1750 brls. of Flour, left this port for Oswego on Wednesday night last. The Flour is intended for the New York market. We noticed on Tuesday last, the sailing of the schooner Wm. Gordon, from this port and Port Credit for Oswego, with 1000 brls. Flour. It would seem that the destination of the exports of Flour from this quarter, is to be different this season from that of former years - almost the entire quantity having usually descended the St. Lawrence to Montreal. These shipments to New York will contribute to the relief of the trade of the place with that city, as formerly the imports were paid for exclusively in specie or Bills of Exchange. The subject is worthy the attention of the Montreal Board of Trade. [Toronto Colonist, April 7th]

Steamers From Hamilton To Lewiston - We are pleased to learn, by the advertisement elsewhere, that we shall have a steamer direct to Lewiston, on Monday next. Capt. Masson, so deservedly popular on the route, returns with the Telegraph, which steamer will, on the first of June, be replaced by the Rochester. This arrangement will be of much service to the western public, which, heretofore, have been compelled to travel, and transport freight by the circuitous Toronto route. [Hamilton Spectator]


April 10th - Str. Niagara, from Ogdensburgh, passengers and baggage.

Schr. Sophia, from Darlington, 1296 bbls. Flour, J.H. Greer & Co.

11th - Sail Boat, from Chaumont Bay, with fresh fish.

Schr. Niagara, from Port Credit, 250 bbls. flour, J.H. Greer & Co., 1000 do. do., Macpherson & Crane.

Schr. Pacific, from Toronto, 127 bbls. flour, J.H. Greer & Co.; 500 do. do., Quebec F. Co.

Str. Lady of the Lake, from Rochester, 156 bbls. apples & merchandize, E. Browne & Co.

12th - Sloop Amelia Cook, from Cape Vincent, 180 bus. corn, 10 bush. peas, 2 bush. beans, Calvin, Cook & Co.

12th - Schr. Merchant, Port Hope, 470 bbls. flour, Glassford & Smith; 22 casks whiskey, Miller Ferguson.

Str. Prince of Wales, Belleville, general cargo.

Str. Lady of the Lake, Ogdensburgh, gen. cargo.

13th - Schr. Elizabeth Goler, Sackett's Harbor, 1000 Pickerel fish, H.C. Jennings.

Schr. Mohawk, Oshawa, 34 bbls. ashes, 13 do. pork, 1320 do. flour, H. & S. Jones.

Str. Canada, Dickinson's Landing, passengers and baggage.

13th - Schr. Charles Smith, Oswego, 20 bbls. plaster, 20 bbls. water lime, Wm. Simpson; 8 boxes cigars, Charles Smith.

Str. Niagara, Ogdensburgh, 21 doz. forks.

14th - Brig Liverpool, Hamilton, 200 pcs. timber, 47 bbls. pork, Calvin, Cook & Co.

Str. Prince of Wales, Belleville, gen. cargo.

Str. Lady of the Lake, Oswego, gen. cargo.




Grenville Route.

The Low Pressure Steamer


Capt. W. Bell.

Will ply during the ensuing season between Kingston and Bytown, and vice versa, twice a week as follows, leaving Kingston every Tuesday and Friday morning, after the arrival of the Lake Mail Steamers, and from Bytown every Wednesday and Saturday evening, after the arrival of the Speed from Grenville:


Will leave Kingston at 9 A.M.

Kingston Mills 10 A.M.

Upper Brewer's 12 M.

Jones' Falls 2 P.M.

Isthmus 5 P.M.

Oliver's Ferry 8 P.M.

Smith's Falls 10 P.M.

Kilmarnock 12 M.

Merrickville 2 A.M.

Burritt's Rapids 5 A.M.

Beckett's Landing 6 A.M.

Long Island 9 P.M.

and arrive in Bytown 12 Noon.


Will leave Bytown at 9 P.M.

Long Island 12 M.

Beckett's Landing 3 A.M. next day

Burritt's 4 A.M.

Merrickville 7 A.M.

Kilmarnock 8 A.M.

Smith's Falls 10 A.M.

Oliver's Ferry 1 P.M.

Isthmus 4 P.M.

Jones' Falls 7 P.M.

Upper Brewer's 9 P.M.

Kingston Mills 11 P.M.

and arrive in Kingston 12 M.

By this arrangement a daylight view may be had of all the best scenery and principal Locks and Villages on the Line.


Kingston, April 15th, 1848.


Notice is hereby given that the Lachine Canal will be opened to the Trade on Tuesday, the 25th instant, or earlier if practicable; if so, further notice will be given.

By order,

THOMAS A. BEGLEY, Secretary.

Department of Public Works,

April 8th, 1848.

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April 15, 1848
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Rick Neilson
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British Whig (Kingston, ON), April 15, 1848