A NEW ENTERPRISE.
Shipping Grain To Europe.
An Engagement With The Prop. St. Magnus.
The completion of the enlarged new Welland Canal, a piece of Canadian enterprise, was announced a month or so ago. This new canal admits of the passage of craft double the dimensions the old canal did, and great steam and sail vessels drawing 14 feet of water can now ply between the St. Lawrence River and Duluth, the head of navigation on Lake Superior. Thus, cargoes from Duluth, Chicago, and all lake ports can be carried to Montreal and then put aboard ocean-going craft for Europe and all parts of the world. Or cargoes can be taken to and brought from European and other ports in the lake craft without breaking bulk at all. The era of through navigation from and to the lakes has arrived, and is something of the present. The first large craft to arrive in Chicago, says the Inter-Ocean, from the St. Lawrence is the propeller St. Magnus, which made the harbor on Thursday. Able to take in the entire circuit of the St. Lawrence and lake route, she went from Montreal to Duluth, where she discharged a cargo, and from there came to Chicago. She was chartered during the afternoon and will take a large cargo of corn and other freight from here to Montreal on a through rate to Europe. The St. Magnus is 180 feet long, measures 800 tons, and is a full cabin boat, having good accommodation for passengers as well as freight. She is a strong, staunch craft throughout. Captain D.A. Kiah is in command. A project for a line of ten steamers like the St. Magnus, to ply regularly between the St. Lawrence and Chicago, is well advanced and this trip of the St. Magnus is a great deal of an experiment. There is great depression in lake freights just now, and rates are very low, but the present trip will prove a success, and with freights improved, as they certainly will improve, the line will be put on, and Allan's line of steamships out of Montreal will then compete on through rates to Europe with the steamship lines out of Portland, Boston, New York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore. The St. Magnus will get away during Friday afternoon for Montreal.
The tug Conqueror is in Toronto waiting for fine weather to bring down a raft.
The wages of the crews of Calvin & Son's fleet of timber vessels last round trip amounted to $4,000.
The Sailors' Union have blackballed five union sailors who have connected themselves with the Garden Island barge fleet.
This morning the sailors had a meeting, at which it was decided to reduce the rate of wages through the Welland Canal to $1.50 per day, the rate prevalent on Lake Ontario.
On Saturday at 3:30 o'clock the barge Oriental, belonging to the Garden Island fleet, ran into Lock No. 7, at Merriton, and carried away all the gates. A small Government scow, laden with stone, was sunk, bow foremost, in the head of the lock. It is expected the break will be repaired about Tuesday next. In the meantime all boats will be locked via the new canal.
The crew of the schr. T.R. Merritt struck at the timber station, Lake Superior, for $2 per day. The captain feeling that he could not do anything else, promised the advance. When the vessel reached Garden Island he paid them off at the rate of $1.50, at which he says he engaged them. The sailors then saw that they could not help themselves and accepted his offer, after consulting legal authorities as to what they could do.
Schr. H. Butler, Cobourg, 4,100 bush. peas.
Schr. Ariadne, Toronto, 8,480 bush. wheat.