The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
British Whig (Kingston, ON), Sept. 1, 1882

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p.2 The Fishery Business - Inspector Kiel certifies that D.H. Hitchcock is lessee of fishing ground at Button Bay.



The schr. Ariadne is loading ties at Rathbun's for Oswego at 4 cents.

The steambarge R. Anglin has arrived from the Rideau Canal with ties and cedar posts.

The schr. Hyderabad, from Chicago, with 20,000 bushels of wheat, reached port this morning.

The steamer Algerian passed up last evening and the steamer Magnet down this morning.

The Murray Canal was begun yesterday, the Minister of Customs, among others, being present.

The schr. Bolivia brings wheat to Kingston from Chicago at 5 cents, an advance of half a cent on previous charters.

The barge Otonabee, from Portland, has arrived with 125 tons of soapstone, which goes to Montreal, to be used in the manufacture of fire-proof paint.

The shipments of lumber by Messrs. Rathbun, from different points, are expected to reach a grand total of 15,000,000 feet for the month of August.

The Chicago Board of Marine Underwriters has made the following rates for the first half of September: to Lake Ontario ports, A vessels, $75; B 1 vessels, $82.50.

A lively brush is said to have taken place on Wednesday night on the river between the str. Rothesay and the large side wheel tug Conqueror, of Kingston. The latter craft was going up light and is said to be capable of beating any boat on the river.

After the schr. Pride of America had been discharged of her cargo she was found to have only 375 bushels of grain damaged. It was thought she would have four or five times that amount wet, considering the severity of the gales through which she passed.

The passengers from Belleville on the steamer Maxwell must have had a pleasant time last night. They went down the river yesterday, and on the return trip passed here at 1 a.m. The night was very cool and the steamer moved along very slowly. Many of the Belleville people, who were in the city, had a weary wait for the craft.

Seventy-five barrels of pears were shipped the other day on the str. Norseman from Charlotte to Port Hope. They were left on the dock to be taken to Brockville and other points by the mail steamers. These boats refused them. The pears rotted in the barrels, and on Saturday about $300 worth of them was dumped into the lake. A few barrels were sold by the Custom House officers to pay the duty.

The schr. Pride of American has once more reached port. She was lying in ordinary at Milwaukee for a long time, but was finally chartered to carry wheat to Kingston. She left on Aug. 7th and on her way down the lakes sprung a leak and had to go on the dry dock at Port Dalhousie. She had a cargo of 21,600 bush. wheat, of which Capt. Macdonald thinks several thousand bushels will be wet. He has noted a protest.

Thursday there was launched at Hamilton the largest propeller ever built there. The craft is of 1,000 gross tons, 180 ft. long, 33 ft. beam, depth of hold at shallowest part 15 ft., and is calculated to carry 50,000 bush. wheat on a draught of 14 ft. of water. The engines and boilers are very powerful. She is calculated to run 12 miles per hour. Her propeller wheel is 10 ft. in diameter. She will make a trial trip on Oct. 1st.

On the last trip up of the steamer Corsican F. Robinson, a waiter, robbed another waiter named Woollard of a silver watch, and a second person of some money. He jumped the boat at Port Hope, hoping to cross the lake to Charlotte, but the Norseman was disabled and the thief had to move on to Toronto. He crossed the lake to Lewiston by the Chicora. The police authorities at Port Hope must have been slow to let him slip, as they were possessed of the particulars of the case previous to his leaving that town.

A correspondent of the Irish Canadian, writing of past boats, observes: "Allow me here to state that there was built in Quebec, in 1853, by Wm. Power, ship builder, a large ship, the Shooting Star, that was employed by the British Government as a transport during the Crimean war. She was one of the fastest vessels on record. She beat the mail steamer from Portsmouth to Malta several hours. Another ship, the Rock City, built by Mr. Power the same year, made the passage from Quebec to Liverpool in 15 days. Another ship, the Kate Cleather, made the run from Cape Race to Point Lucies in eight days. So that our own ship builders are not behind their neighbors, and should be mentioned in connection with the fast clipper ships of days gone by."

Removing The Grievances.

It looks as though the Canadians were deliberately attempting to drive trade by way of the lakes from that country. First came the outrageous robberies at Kingston by charging duty on shortages, and now come complaints by vessel men against the highness of toll of tugmen on the Welland Canal. [Chicago Tribune]

Our contemporary would not be at all sorry were the defects that have existed in our system to be continued; indeed it has printed everything that could injure our trade, and in the absence of real grievances has not hesitated to invent imaginary ones. The duty on shortage - a robbery, according to the Tribune - has been abolished, and it is only a question of time until the tugmen on the Canal will be forced to do the service now held as a monopoly at more reasonable rates.


The following is the style of affidavits which the Captain and Mate must take before duty will be exempted, the fictitious names and places being used for the purpose of making the documents complete:

I, John Brown, master of the schr. Pinafore, do solemnly swear that the said vessel was laden at the port of Shortweight, United States of America, with 20,000 bushels of wheat, as per bill of lading, and clearance produced by me at the Custom House at the port of Kingston; said cargo was consigned to the Universal Forwarding Company and by them elevated and weighed into barges and only turned out 19,500 bushels, being 500 bushels short of my bill of lading; and I further swear that the vessel's hatches were properly secured before leaving the port of Shortweight, and that no part of the cargo has been taken out of the vessel or in any way tampered with, and that all the grain received by me on board said vessel has been delivered to said Universal Forwarding Company.

The Mate signs the following:

I, Tim Flaherty, mate of the above vessel, do solemnly swear that I have read over the affadavit of the master as above and testify that it is true in every particular.

Such affidavits were sworn to for the first by the Captain and Mate of the schr. Blazing Star which was 174 bushels short of the amount called for by the bill of lading.

The matter of compelling Captains to pay for shortages is a matter with which we have nothing to do. If Captains refused to sign cut throat bills they would not have to pay for shortages any more than the duty on them. The correction of the evil lies in their own hands.

We may add that the quantity of grain upon which duty has been levied this season does not aggregate over 500 bushels, the revenue from which was $75.

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Sept. 1, 1882
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Rick Neilson
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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British Whig (Kingston, ON), Sept. 1, 1882