The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
British Whig (Kingston, ON), May 25, 1883

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p.1 Queen's Birthday - Boat Races - 12 ton race, 4 ton race; account of yacht races at Gananoque.

p.2 The schr. Emma L. Coyne, which passed up from Brockville the other day, loaded 800 tons of coal at Charlotte for Chicago. She ran ashore yesterday, head on, 7 miles west of Charlotte. A tug failed to pull her off, and lighters have been sent for.



The schr. Wawanosh has cleared for Detroit from Garden Island light.

Mr. E. Adams has been in Brockville inspecting the boilers of steam yachts.

The steam yacht Rawson was purchased by L.E. Lawson, of Ogdensburg, for $2,500.

The departures were: Tug Hiram Calvin and seven barges, carrying 125,000 bush. peas.

Calvin & Son's second raft has left for Quebec. It contained 18 drams of timber and staves.

The rate from Chicago to Kingston has been steadily dropping to 5 1/2 cents on wheat and 5 cents on corn.

The departures were: Tug Bronson, for Montreal, six barges, carrying 90,000 bush. grain and 100 tons phosphate.

Hall & Co. of Ogdensburg have secured the steamer Stranger to do towing for them until their new tug is completed.

The steamer Princess Louise, lengthened and fitted up in good style, will begin her trips between the city and Gananoque next week.

The schrs. Siberia, Bismarck, Prussia, Bavaria, with timber, and Mary Copley, with staves, arrived yesterday evening at Garden Island from Toledo.

Two more large crafts are coming to the Montreal Transportation Co.: D.M. Wilson, from Chicago, 33,000 bush. of wheat; and the Manitowac, Chicago, 56,000 bush. of wheat.

Kingston & Montreal Forwarding Co.

The arrivals since Wednesday have been: Prop. Enterprise, Owen Sound, lightened 12,000 bush. peas; schr. J.G. Worts, Toronto, 23,000 bush. peas; schr. Defiance, St. Catharines, 8,600 bush. wheat; schr. Paragon, Toronto, 11,800 bush. wheat; schr. Hyderabad, Toronto, 20,300 bush. wheat; schr. Mary, Port Stanley, 14,200 bush. wheat.

Montreal Transportation Company.

The following were the arrivals at the Montreal Transportation Company's wharf yesterday and today: Steam barge D.C. Whitney, Chicago, 61,000 bush. corn, and consort Wayne, 49,000 bush.; schr. C. Gearing, Belleville, 6,100 bush. wheat; schr. North Star, Whitby, 10,400 bush. do.; schr. Hanlon, Whitby, 4,600 bush. do.; schr. Garibaldi, Whitby, 8,000 bush. do.; schr. Eliza White, Toronto, 7,400 bush. do.; schr. Glenora, Toledo, 43,000 bush. corn.


Last night the schr. Glenora reached the harbour in tow of the Active, which went to Nine Mile Point and picked her up. On Monday afternoon the Active let her go in the gale about the middle of the lake, or some 10 or 12 miles below Long Point. When cut adrift she went on the port tack for the south shore, and between then and midnight made four stretches across the lake. On the 5th stretch the jib sheet block gave way. With make-shift sheets the vessel was turned around, when the fore sheet horse and fore-sheet block broke. Then the vessel got into the trough of the sea and suffered greatly. The pin fastening it broke and the fore boom fell on the deck. The forward boom, the hawser and provision boxes were broken, and the latter carried overboard with all its contents. For two hours the vessel laboured in the trough of the sea, the hull being sometimes under water to the depth of eight feet, and the deck being full. Once Captain Smith was washed overboard, but the mate, Alfred Easson, reached for and saved him. At 2 o'clock on Tuesday morning the vessel was hove to with main sail and fore stay sail and drifted until she was about the middle of the lake and abreast of a point between Cobourg and Port Hope. The wind then changed to the west, light, and the vessel set sail and bore for Kingston. During the time the vessel was in the trough of the sea, she suffered a great deal, some very heavy irons being snapped like pipe stems, among other things the centre board winch. The boom scraped the deck so much, as to cut the plank in for about an inch and a quarter. The battening of the main hatch was forced out several times and little water may have got through. The Captain does not think the cargo has been damaged, but it may be somewhat injured from the batton as the vessel rolled so much that the pumps did not always take water. The Captain says that he would have made shelter on fifth stretch but for the mishap to the jib sheet. He says that sailing on the wind the vessel held her own and acted splendidly. His wife and daughter were aboard, besides the following: Alfred Easson, Mate; and Seamen Henry Membrey, John Gurrell, James Blackwell and Fred Sanders.


Yesterday afternoon about three o'clock the largest steam craft which has ever entered the harbour ran along side the Montreal Transportation Company's wharf. We have reference to the steam barge D.C. Whitney, which, with her consort, the Wayne, carried from Chicago a combined cargo of 110,000 bushels of corn. The Whitney is 256 feet long, 41 feet beam and 15 feet depth of hold. She was build in Detroit last year and launched in September, making but three trips before the close of the season. The present is her first trip this year and it has been a profitable one, her freight bill amounting to $6,500. She is strongly built, of the best oak, strengthened by iron arches, and has very high and substantial bulwarks, the better to qualify her for the trade in lumber of which it is calculated she can carry 1,200,000 ft. Her wheel house and deck hand's quarters are forward; the cabin, state-rooms, officers' quarters and dining compartments at the stern. About them all there is a finished appearance that indicates good taste and a liberal expenditure of money. The engines are compound, the larger cylinder having a diameter of 44 inches and the smaller one of 27 inches, the pistons having a stroke of 3 ft. 4 in. The machinery was manufactured by Cowie of Detroit; it is highly finished and splendidly cared for. The engine is reversed by steam, the motion being rapid as it is required to be on crafts which have to do some nice navigating on the inland waters. The boilers are 16 ft. long, 10 ft. shell, and will stand a pressure of 104 lbs. They are of steel made by Hutton & Co., of Detroit. The steam barge is owned by D. Whitney, jr., Detroit, and cost him $97,000. Her capacity of wheat is 64,000; of oats, 90,000 bushels. She had not a full cargo, her Captain not desiring to load her too deep for the low water. About her centre is a pony engine which is used for hoisting the sails, discharging the cargo and hauling in the tow line, 800 ft. which it can do in less than five minutes. The crew numbers eighteen. The officers are: Capt. Peter July, Alexandria Bay; F. Hutchins and Jno. Shipboy, mates; John N. Phillips, Alexandria Bay, First Engineer; Julian Moss, Second Engineer; Mrs. Gerard, Steward. The Wayne (consort) is 200 ft. long, 35 ft. beam, 14 ft. depth of hold. She can carry of wheat 50,000 bush. and of oats 75,000 bush. The tow left Chicago on the 12th May, and made the passage to Kingston in twelve days, two of which they were detained by reason of the lowness of the water in the Welland Canal aquaduct. The Whitney is the largest craft that has yet sailed through the new Welland Canal. She drew 14 ft. 3 in. forward, 14 ft. 7 in. aft, and had to be lightened at Port Dalhousie (sic) of some 24,000 bush. of corn, and the Wayne 12,000 bush., but at Port Dalhousie they reloaded and delivered it all here. The two cargoes are valued at $49,000. A larger craft than the Whitney left Chicago at the same time, the Onoko, which carried to Buffalo 113,000 bush. corn, and can carry of oats 160,000. Against such monster crafts the smaller vessels have no show.

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May 25, 1883
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Rick Neilson
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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British Whig (Kingston, ON), May 25, 1883