The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
British Whig (Kingston, ON), Aug. 18, 1884

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p.2 Miss Iver's Drowning - Capt. Estes' account, of Rothesay.



The schr. B.W. Folger arrived yesterday from Oswego with 230 tons of coal for the cotton mill.

Vessels are carrying grain from Chicago to Kingston at 3 3/4 cents, the rate formerly paid to Buffalo.

The steamers Varuna, Sumner and Island Belle came up from the islands today. All had excursion parties.

The tug Thompson broke her wheel near Prescott last night. A new one was sent to her from Kingston today.

The tug John A. Macdonald, which towed Calvin's raft of ten drams down the river on Saturday, broke her shaft when opposite Prescott.

At Rathbun's dock the arrivals are: sloop Two Brothers, Deseronto, wood; schr. Gazelle, Deseronto, lumber; steambarge Freemason, Trenton, wood.

The M.T. Co.'s only arrival yesterday was the tug Active and barges, Charlotte, 1,850 tons coal. Departures: tug Thompson, Montreal, four barges, grain laden.


The steamer Norseman brought from Charlotte yesterday the yacht Marguerite, and as she had one of the Shipman engines there was a great rush of people to see her. The engineer, a handsome and intelligent young fellow, was all day occupied in making explanations, (unreadable) applied the match, raised steam, and took a spin around the harbor. The yacht itself is strongly built on the Carver principle, and is also of pretty model, the bow being somewhat clipper in style. She is 21 ft. long, 3 ft 10 in. beam, and 20 inches deep. The engine is in power one and a half horses, situated in the middle of the boat, and fed with coal oil - kerosene is the best - which is kept in a tank in the bow. The consumption is two gallons for ten hours' service. This oil must be pure, because if there is any water in it it will put the fire out. It must also be clean. If the least bit of dust gets in the boiler a queer noise is made and the engineer is thus at once notified that there is something wrong. The boiler is constructed with cast iron sections at the back, and with wrought iron tubes screwed into them. These sections are bolted together. This makes it safe, from the fact that at no one point is there a space larger than 1 1/2 inches in diameter to heat. The boiler is encased in double jackets of sheet iron, with an air space of about half an inch between them, which prevents condensation from the air, also makes it possible to sit close to it without inconvenience from the heat. The fire is of a new and peculiar form, requiring but a small amount of boiler room, and so placed in the boiler as to have the water surround it on all sides.

No Heat Is Wasted

by radiation. The fire is formed by a pressure of air or steam flowing through an atomizer, which throws the kerosene in a very fine spray into a firebox in the boiler, which secures an intense blast of fire. The oil is consumed without wicks, and there is no smell or smoke arising from it. After the fire is lit steam can be got up in five minutes. The boiler has a number of peculiarities. One is an automatic water regulator. It enables one, when having a tank of sufficient size, to start the pump in the morning and leave it for ten hours or ten days, and the regulator will keep just such an amount of water in the boiler as it needs.

The engine has two cylinders, with steam chest in the middle, two piston heads, one to each cylinder, these being connected with a small rod. The lower piston head is connected with the pitman rod, and this connects direct to the main shaft doing away with cross heads and slides, bringing the friction down to a minimum. To reverse the engine one has only to turn a lever from right to left. When the engine is in motion the centrifugal force throws the eccentric back, or toward the centre, proper speed being attained by the valve cutting off the steam at so short a stroke as will give it just power enough for the said speed, the least variation giving more or less speed. There is no occasion to watch the gauge, because more than 100 lbs. of steam cannot be raised. When that quantity is generated the fire is cut off automatically, and no heat can be applied until the pressure is reduced.

A Very Decided Novelty.

On the whole the Shipman engine is a novelty and attracts great attention. The Marguerite is in charge of Mr. John Barton and F.E. Bacon, of Rome, N.Y. They intend to run as far as Alexandria Bay, and return by way of Oswego to Charlotte. There are just four yachts like this one at present - with Shipman engines. Mr. Bacon says she can run at the rate of seven miles an hour. He values her at $265. Her engine cost $145, and the hull $120. One of the Whig staff took a trip in her last night and for himself experienced the ease and steadiness with which she was propelled through the water.

Notes For Yachtsmen - yacht W. Moak; yacht Rhoda of Syracuse; yacht Zadie of Boston and Albany; yacht Irene of Port Hope; more on second prize award in second class race at Belleville regatta.

Returned From The Trip - The prop. Celtic passed eastward yesterday after making the round trip with lighthouse supplies. Inspector Harty was on board, as brown as a leaf but not so dry. He said the trip had been delightful, though the first part of it was effected in cool weather. There was, however, but one rough day. Ninety-seven light-houses were visited. Three light-houses supplied were rather expensive structures, costing in the vicinity of $85,000 each. Two of them are in the Georgian Bay and the other in Lake Superior. They are 100 feet high, the walls at the base are 14 feet thick and at the summit 4 feet thick. Each had extensive revolving lights.

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Aug. 18, 1884
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Rick Neilson
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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British Whig (Kingston, ON), Aug. 18, 1884