The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
British Whig (Kingston, ON), Aug. 29, 1889

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Thomas Marshall, who has been absent from this city a great many years, is visiting friends on Garden Island. He is a resident of Defiance, Ohio, and has a good position there as a machinist. When he lived on Garden Island he was a sailor, and his experience while in that capacity is very interesting. Twenty-two years ago, about November 15th, he and Mr. Miller, now a carter, were in Chicago, after leaving the schr. Prince Alfred. Capt. S. Moore, of the schooner Nucleus, had chartered to carry 27,000 bushels of wheat to Ogdensburg, and was in search of a crew. He met Miller and Marshall and asked them to go on his vessel. They promised to do so if he would pay good wages. Their salaries were named by Moore, and were satisfactory. Miller went as mate at $4 per day, and Marshall acted as his assistant for $3.50 per day. Miller drew over $180 out of the trip, and for making out a protest at Cape Vincent, was given $30. The trip down from Chicago was a terrible one. The weather was bitterly cold, and the lakes were full of ice. The sailors on the Nucleus had great difficulty in managing her. It took eleven days to get through the Welland Canal. The schooner was not destined to reach the end of her journey. When she got near Timber Island plenty of ice was encountered, and the wind was driving hard from the north east. The waves washed over the vessel and ice was made on her rigging and decks rapidly. So fast was the ice made that the crew were afraid that the weight of it would sink her. Marshall went out at midnight and threw boiling water on the anchor, and part of the water was blown back upon him in a luke warm state. The Nucleus had to be beached and was afterwards towed to Cape Vincent. After one night's hard freezing Miller and Marshall walked on the ice from Cape Vincent to the city.

Law Can't Reach Them - Canadian officers and hands on strs. St. Lawrence and Islander hired at Clayton; local sailors complaining.


A bad break occurred in the Erie canal on Monday.

The propeller W.B. Hall broke her wheel on Sunday.

The schr. Emerald, from Manistee, is unloading deals here.

The schrs. Bennett and Falconer are loading lumber for Oswego.

The steamer Rosedale from Chicago is discharging corn at Portsmouth.

The prop. Tilley was expected to arrive today from Chicago with corn and rye.

The steambarge Scotia, which lost her shoe, is being repaired at Port Dalhousie.

The schr. A.E. Vickery, sunk off Wells' Island, was formerly the schr. J.B. Penfield.

Vessels are paid 4 1/4 cents to carry corn from Chicago to Kingston, and for taking oats to Ogdensburg 3 3/4 cents.

The Seamen's Union at Toronto have agreed to raise wages to $1.50 per day on vessels and $1 on barges.

The keel for another monster vessel has been laid at Bay City, Mich. It will measure 295 feet in length; over all 320 feet; hold, 26 feet; beam, 41 feet.

General Paragraphs - The str. Traveller and two barges, with 40,000 bushels of wheat for Montreal, were expected to arrived today.

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Aug. 29, 1889
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Rick Neilson
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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British Whig (Kingston, ON), Aug. 29, 1889