(wrong date at top)
p.2 Marine Disasters on the Lakes in 1852 - The Buffalo Express of Saturday gives a lengthened statement of marine disasters during the past year, and the loss of life and property caused by them. It was prepared by Captain J.W. Rounds, Agent of the North Western Insurance Company for Buffalo, and may be relied on as correct. The total loss of life is given at 296, and the total loss of property at $992,659. Of the 229 disasters detailed, seven occurred in the month of April, nineteen in May, 24 in June, 15 in July, 16 in August, 21 in September, 27 in October, 85 in November, (55 in one gale of the 11th and 12th) and 15 in December. Six steamers, seven propellers, and thirty-five sail vessels, have gone out of existence entirely. In many instances the amount of losses has been matters of estimate, as many must necessarily be; but much pain and care has been taken to procure, in each case, the opinion of competent men who were most familiar with the circumstances. Regarding the loss of life by the steamer Atlantic, there are various opinions - her agents and proprietors contending it not to exceed 150, while many who were somewhat familiar with the circumstances set it as high as 300, and some even higher. The former Mr. Rounds deems somewhat under the mark, and the latter much above. The agents can no doubt tell quite correctly how many went on board of her, but no one can tell how many were carried ashore from her by the propeller.
Survey of the Lakes - The Cleveland Herald of the 24th inst., has an interesting article upon the survey of the Lakes. The Herald has seen a chart of the west end of Lake Erie, drawn by Capt. J.W. Macomb, Chief of the Survey of the Northern and North Western Lakes. This chart is on a large scale, extending from Lake St. Clair down to below Point Pelee on the Canada, and Huron River, on the American side, gives the shortest and best sailing routes for shipping to and from Buffalo and the various Lake points, the Islands, Bays, Reefs, Points, Soundings, etc., making the Chart a valuable one to all doing business on the Lakes. The survey of Detroit River shows a very direct channel and good depth of water, most of the distance over 20 feet, and much of the way 30 to 40 feet. About the mouth the range is from 14 to 27 feet. The water of the west end of the Lake from the Islands is comparatively shoal, the soundings being mainly between 20 and 40 feet. In Maumee Bay no soundings are marked over 14 feet, and in Sandusky Bay the deepest is 36, and generally ranging from 5 to 15 feet. The survey also shows the shortest and most direct route from Toledo and Buffalo to be by Point Pelee, steering north of the principal islands. The greatest depth of water sounded across the Lake, between Huron and Point Pelee, 46 1/2 feet, and 18 different soundings are noted on the chart.