p.2 The Welland Canal - We give in another place an article from the Oswego Times on the subject of the enlargement of the Welland Canal. The commercial interests of all the American ports West and East of the Niagara river are far more involved in the facility of transportation by the Welland than even those of Canada; for it must be admitted the traffic of the Americans far exceeds that of Canadians. Rochester, Oswego and Ogdensburg being competitors with Buffalo for the grain trade of the Western states, naturally look with jealousy upon any impediment whch may cause a diversion of that trade to the harbor of Buffalo. The step taken by the merchants of Oswego, in petitioning our Parliament for an enlargement of the only channel by which their interests can be forwarded, is one that must commend itself to every reasonable mind. Then the question naturally arises - why have not our Board of Works forseen the necessity for this required enlargement? Why have they not, before the contingency became so pressing, applied to parliament for power to enlarge the facilities of that great thoroughfare, for which every year's experience demonstrated the necessity? When the rapidly increasing traffic, with a corresponding increasing revenue, showed that an enlargement of the locks and levels would contribute to the advancement of commerce and secure to Canada the advantage she derived from holding the key to western traffic in her own hands, it should not have been left to our American neighbors to press upon the attention of our legislature the urgency of extending the canal facilities. The St. Catherines Post urged repeatedly the necessity of enlargement, but was opposed in its views by other journals in Niagara and elsewhere interested in the project of a lateral cut to the Niagara river, to terminate in proximity to the old town of that name, for the especial benefit of its inhabitants. Although this project may be deemed feasible, its exhorbitant cost presented an obstacle not easily to be overcome. Then again, the desirability of having an artificial communication capable of accommodating vessels of the largest class navigating the upper lakes, and if necessary the Atlantic, afforded a good reason for abandoning the lateral cut, and concentrating every effort in making the Welland what the Canadian and American interests required it to be - a veritable "Ship Canal." The reasons advanced by our intelligent contemporary in Oswego for the enlargement of the Welland to the extent stated, will, we have no doubt, meet with due consideration when formally brought under the notice of the Legislature. The movement of the citizens of Oswego in this matter is creditable to their foresight and honorable ambition; and both for their sakes and the prosperity of the St. Lawrence canals, we hope the object of their memorial will be speedily realized.
Ferry Boat - A scow steamer for the ferry between Kingston, Wolfe Island and Cape Vincent is rapidly advancing to completion in the Marine Railway shipyard. As the new vessel is intended to pass through the Wolfe Island canal, where a light draft is required, and occasional heavy seas in the channels on either side of the Island render it necessary to guard against the excessive drifting to which a steamer so constructed would be exposed, a novel plan has been adopted to meet the case, by providing a centreboard, which, of course, can be lowered and raised at pleasure. The engine, a low-pressure, of about 30 horse, is from the Kingston Foundry, and in a few weeks we expect to see the experiment of the enterprising owners fairly tested. Of the result we will not fail to make a note.
Enlargement of The Welland Canal Locks - [Oswego Times]
p.3 Imports - 19,20.