The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Daily News (Kingston, ON), March 21, 1864

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p.2 The Propellers - The several lines of Propellers have been doing a good freight business of late years. Some, as might be expected, have been more fortunate than others, but generally speaking they have driven a very brisk trade, and, judging from the preparations which are being made, are likely to continue to do so during the coming season. Messrs. Chaffey & Co., in addition to their propellers Brockville and Bristol, keep several steam tugs towing on the river, and are building, at Brockville, another powerful tug, for the lake, to be used chiefly in towing three or more of their largest-sized barges, loaded with grain, lumber, etc., from Toronto, Hamilton, St. Catherines, etc. to Oswego, Cape Vincent and other American lake ports. They are also building a new propeller at Brockville, the Great Britain, of large capacity, to be placed in their line early in May, and to be capable of carrying 36,000 bushels of wheat. Messrs. Jacques, Tracey & Co's line comprises the six steamers Indian, Avon, Colonist, and Ottawa, laid up at Kingston, and the St. Lawrence and Huron laid up at Montreal. The Ottawa and Colonist are on the Marine Railway here, undergoing extensive repairs and strengthening, and are having their freightage capacity materially enlarged, which has been rendered necessary by the increase of the business of the line. The up-freight alone of this line during the past summer was 25,000 tons, which alone covers all expenses, the down-freight being nett profit. This was landed chiefly at Toronto and Hamilton. The boats belonging to Cowan's line were bought in early in February last, by Mr. Henderson, (late of Holcomb and Henderson's firm), and there are now belonging to this line the Osprey, West, George Moffatt, and Brantford, their headquarters being at Montreal, with branch offices at Kingston and Toronto, the former under the charge of Mr. Henderson himself, and the latter under Mr. Holcomb, the Kingston agents not having yet been named. Of Black and Perry's "Beaver Line" only one propeller laid up here, out of the six - the Whitby, Bruno, Magnet, Caution (sic), Brockville and Bristol - forming a direct line between Montreal and Chicago, touching at Kingston and the upper lake ports on their way up and down. The new propeller, Her Majesty, will be added to this line in May; certainly the Queen propeller of the lakes, of a beautiful model and great tonnage capacity. The contract for her engine, boilers, etc., is now being carried out at the Kingston Foundry of Messrs. Davidson & Doran; the wood-work, and her final completion in this latter respect, is in the hands of Mr. Andrew Davidson. The great advantage of laying up propellers and steamers intended for lake service at Kingston is not lost sight of by forwarders and others, and as few as possible are permitted to winter in Montreal, owing to the lateness of the opening of the canals. Propellers particularly are rarely laid up at Montreal, unless they are frozen in on their last downward trip, or the canal are closed by the frost. Here, let the navigation open ever so early, these steamers can depart and wend their way to the upper lakes in quest of freight, before those at Montreal dare budge from their moorings. All the propellers now in Kingston belonging to these various firms, are being fast put into good sea-worthy trim, in the expectation of an early and profitable spring campaign.

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March 21, 1864
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Rick Neilson
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Daily News (Kingston, ON), March 21, 1864