p.2 ACTION OF THE SHIPOWNERS CONVENTION AT DETROIT
The Committee on General Business submitted part of their report, consisting of resolutions embodying the rules which should govern vessel-owners in transportation of cargoes, which were read. They are as follows:-
Resolved - That all cargoes, of whatever name or nature, shall be delivered to the vessel, or on the rail of the vessel, as hereinafter mentioned, viz: - All cargoes of lumber, lath, shingles, salt, ties, wood, posts, telegraph poles, knees and ship plank, bark, bricks, shingle, hoop and pail bolts, water-lime, and all rolling freights, to be delivered on the rail of the vessel, wholly at the expense of the shipper.
All cargoes of grain, coal, iron ore, pig iron, staves, stone, marble, railroad iron, and car wheels, to be delivered in the hold of vessels, and the stowing and trimming only at the expense of the vessel.
All timber and spiles in rafts or otherwise shall be delivered alongside of vessels. All orders for cargoes should read - "Cargo to be delivered (except timber and spiles) on board or on the vessel's rail, free of expense to the vessel."
Resolved - That in discharging cargo, all grain cargo to be unloaded in the custom and manner of 1864.
Coal, iron ores, stone, sand, and other cargoes of the same nature, to be delivered on a platform or runway at the hatches of the vessel.
Timber and spiles, when transported by regular timber-carrying vessels, the consignees or owners of said timber and spiles will furnish all facilities and labor for unloading said cargoes, the vessel furnishing only her usual crew in assisting on board the vessel. Cargoes of lumber, staves, posts, shingles, shingle bolts, telegraph poles, railroad ties, ship plank and ship knees, lath, salt, poles, water-lime, bricks, bark, etc., to be discharged over the rail or on platforms or sheds. Railroad iron, shafting, car wheels, and light timbers, at the rail of vessels.
Resolved - That the rule for contracting the rate of demurrage, per day, shall not be less than twice the ordinary average expenses of the vessel per day for the same trip.
Resolved - That the rule for claiming demurrage, when no contract for the same is made beforehand, be as follows: -
The gross earnings for the round trip, less than extraordinary expenses for tonnage, handling cargoes, commissions, etc., divided by the number of days for which said demurrage is claimed, and the quotient to be the amount of demurrage to claim per day. In computing said gross earnings, the amount of freight that should be paid on cargo contracted to the vessel, but for any reason not the fault of the vessel, not delivered to or received by the vessel, shall be counted as earnings. In deducting the said extraordinary expenses from the gross earnings, the cost of any accident subject to be protested against shall not be deducted, nor shall the time the vessel is detained by such accident be counted in the foregoing rule for claiming demurrage.
Resolved - That we protest against paying the shortage on grain in cases where the cargo is all delivered in as good condition as received, and that we will in all cases deliver all we receive on board, claiming freight only on the same, and that in case of refusal of the consignee or company to pay freight as above, we will test the question by due course of law, the expenses of such litigation to be paid by this association.
Resolved - That all tow bills exceeding one after the arrival of the vessel in any lake port, shall be at the expense of the cargo or consignee, and that the same rule be applied to shippers; but all towing at Chicago for the delivery of in cargoes beyond Twelfth (12th) street on the south branch of the Chicago river, and Erie street on the north branch of said Chicago river, shall be at the expense of the cargo or consignees.
Resolved - That we regard the system heretofore practiced by the consignees of giving checks for the settlement of bills of lading, on which currency could not be obtained without a shave of three-eighths and one-half per cent, is onerous in the extreme, and that it should no longer be submitted to; on the other hand, should demand and receive such currency as we are compelled to pay in liquidation of our vessels and expenses.
Resolved - That the rule for receiving and discharging cargoes shall be as follows:-
On lumber. Not less than 75,000 feet of lumber shall be delivered on the rail of vessels by shippers per day.
Coal to be delivered in the hold of the vessel at the rate of 200 tons per day, and discharge the same at the rate of 150 tons per day.
Iron ore to be received and discharged at the rate of 200 tons per day.
Salt to be received and delivered at the rate of 1,500 barrels per day.
Bag or bulk salt, pig or railroad iron, to be received and delivered at the rate of 150 tons per day.
Wood to be delivered at the rate of 100 cords per day from piers or docks.
In order that there shall be no misunderstanding in regard to the time of the detention of vessels, all orders shall read as follows:- "Vessels to be loaded with the following dispatch - time to commence five hours from the time the vessel reports ready to load."
Resolved - That all property hitherto carried in gross tons and thousands, is an erroneous system, and should no longer be tolerated; that we recommend the abolishment of the system, and carry 2000 pounds to the ton and 1000 staves in number only.
The Convention adjourned.