The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Daily News (Kingston, ON), Dec. 2, 1870

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p.2 Elevating Into Cars - The schooner Annandale, consigned to Messrs. J.H. Henderson & Co., with 12,000 bushels of wheat from Chicago, is now lying alongside the railway track, Market Battery, awaiting Grand Trunk cars to unload the grain for despatch to Montreal. The schooner Azov, with a cargo of wheat for the same firm, and same destination, arrived today, and will also discharge into cars.

City Items - The schooner Gazelle arrived yesterday with a cargo of sundries; and the Gladstone today, light, from Oswego. Both lay up at this port, the former at Garden Island. The barque J.C. Woodruff, laden with wheat, consigned from Chicago to one of the forwarding companies agencies, has been detained in the harbour eight days, in consequence of there being no accommodation to receive her cargo. The captain estimates the expenses of the vessel at $40 per day.

Body Floated Ashore - A body floated ashore at Sandy Bay on Thursday. It is thought to be the remains of one of the men belonging to Kingston, who was drowned off the schooner Jessie, wrecked on Salmon Point a short time since. He had on the third finger of his right hand a large silver ring, with raised anchor. Telegrams have been sent to the friends of the deceased living here, but the special telegram received at this office this afternoon from Picton, does not state that the body has been claimed or identified.

Sailor Drowned - A telegram from Port Colborne states that a sailor, name and residence not known, was drowned off the barque Robert Gaskin, bound up, last night in the Welland Canal.


St. Lawrence River - Quebec to Montreal - (not copied)


1. Of what interest to the commerce of the Dominion would be the construction of another canal between Lake Huron and Superior on the Canada side?

2. Is not the lock and prism of the present American Canal the largest in America?

Caughnawaga Canal - (not copied)

Richelieu River and Chambly Canal - (not copied)


1. Of what benefit to the commerce of the Dominion would be the construction of a canal giving 8 feet of water from Lake Huron via French River, Lake Nipissing, and the Ottawa River, to Montreal?

2. What saving of freight would result in the carriage of the products of the West North West by this route to Montreal on such depth of water, as against the Welland and St. Lawrence Canals as they now are, or supposing the Welland to be enlarged to a capacity suitable for the largest vessels trading on the Upper Lakes?

3. Supposing the amount necessary to enlarge the Welland Canal to the capacity of the largest vessels navigating the Upper Lakes, if expended on the Ottawa canal would give a continuous depth for barge navigation of 8 feet, which would be the preferable investment?

4. Suppose the French River were made navigable from Lake Huron to Lake Nipissing, and a Railway were built from the east end of Lake Nipissing to Montreal, or, supposing a railway were built from Montreal via Ottawa to Parry Sound or any other port between it and the mouth of French River, how would such railway answer the purposes of the trade to be done on the proposed Ottawa canal?

5. Would the construction of the proposed Ottawa Canal in any way reduce the cost of floating or carrying timber from points on the Upper Ottawa?

6. Is it probable that the tolls derivable from the trades on this canal would pay a reasonable rate of interest on the outlay necessary for its construction?


1. What effect would the construction of the proposed canal have on the general trade of the Dominion?

2. How much time would be saved by steam and sail vessels, respectively, between the ports of Chicago and Fort William and the port of Kingston by using the proposed Georgian Bay Canal, instead of the Welland Canal?

3. What is the average time of locking vessels through each lock of the Welland Canal and through the whole canal?

4. At the same rate, how much time would be occupied in locking vessels through the proposed Georgian Bay Canal?

5. Suppose tolls to be charged on the proposed Georgian Bay Canal in proportion to its length, at the rate now charged on the Welland Canal, what would be the total amount of such toll on a cargo of 500 tons wheat?

6. What revenue would be derived from such tolls on the proposed Georgian Bay Canal, suppose the whole of the produce of the West now shipped through the Erie and Welland Canals were shipped through the proposed Georgian Bay Canal?

7. Would vessels, having to pay tolls pro rata with the Welland Canal sailing from ports on Lakes Michigan or Superior find it most profitable to take the proposed Georgian Bay Canal - or the Welland?

8. In either case what amount per cent would such profit represent?

9. In the present state of the United States Customs and Navigation Laws, could Canadian vessels load grain at Chicago and proceed through the proposed Georgian Bay Canal, and thence to Oswego, or other United States port without paying duty on such grain as if it were the product of Canada?

10. If an American or Canadian vessel load grain at Chicago and proceed via the proposed Georgian Bay Canal, and tranship such cargo at any port on the said proposed Canal, can either an American or Canadian vessel re-ship such cargo and deliver the same in Oswego, or other United States port without the grain being liable to the American duties?

11. What effect would the working of the proposed Georgian Bay Canal have on the traffic of the Northern Railway Company, or on the trade of the City of Toronto?

12. Would the lumber, grain, flour, coal, etc. now carried over the Northern Railway and shipped by water or rail at the port of Toronto, in the event of the proposed Canal being worked, continue to be so carried and shipped, or would such trade be done at ports on the canal or on Lake Simcoe, and so cut off the business of the Northern Railway Co. and the City of Toronto to the extent of such trade?

13. Suppose it was found the Georgian Bay Canal could be built cheaper via the Humber River, or by way of the Beaver River and Lake Scugog to Whitby, would the canal on either such route affect its commercial value to the City of Toronto, and how?

14. Do you believe a private Company could obtain the capital necessary to complete such a work on its own merits, considering the risk of its use, without the guarantee of the Government for the payment of the interest and principal invested in such canal?

15. How would the carriage of American produce, in American bottoms, from Chicago through the Georgian Bay and other canals, without transhipment to other ports in the United States or to Europe, benefit the Commerce of the Dominion?

Bay Verte Canal (not copied)

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Dec. 2, 1870
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Rick Neilson
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
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Daily News (Kingston, ON), Dec. 2, 1870