The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Daily News (Kingston, ON), Jan. 23, 1873

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p.2 The Welland Canal - The agitation regarding the contemplated improvement of the Welland Canal has terminated in the appointment of Messrs. Gzowski and Keefer, and Mr. McAlpine, an eminent American engineer, to report thereon - that is the adoption of the present route or the plan of Mr. Granville, a blacksmith, who has schemed a new cut west of the mountain at Thorold, by which it is claimed two miles will be saved in distance, some lockage, and also a large amount of money on what it will cost of widening and deepening the canal. In the meantime the people interested in other routes, seeing the canal policy apparently an open question, have been holding meetings, and deputations have been appointed to go to Ottawa with memorials from each of the municipalities interested, asking Government to instruct the Commissioners to report on the cut from Thorold to Niagara, and also on the route from Chipewa to Queenston, as well as on the other two schemes.


In a brief despatch from Mr. Muligan, the operator at Charlotte, in the Third edition of the Union yesterday, it was announced that Lake Ontario had thrown another great wave upon its shore and into the Genesee River, to the surprise of all who witnessed the phenomenon. The occurrence took place about half past eleven a.m. The river was closed with solid ice below the upper locks and men and teams were on the ice cutting and hauling for storage. Without a moment's warning or indication that any movement of water was to take place in the Lake, the water began to rise and the ice toward the mouth of the harbour began to rise and crack, as if great waves were rolling under it. In less than four minutes, water, ice and all, had risen over three feet and a half. Of course the ice was more or less flooded. The men employed in gathering ice fled to the shores lest they be overwhelmed like Pharaoh and his host, and did well in reaching the land. One pair of horses less fortunate was lodged in a crevice and was only extricated with great difficulty. One man who was on the ice after reaching the shore did not feel quite confident that he was out of danger, and betook himself to the top of a boat house that stood upon the shore. As the building was of wood and small at that, it is questionable where the man would have now been had the water risen a few feet higher; perhaps drifting in Lake Ontario. This advance of water receded in a short time and the lake and river became tranquil.

This is not the first phenomenon of the kind that has been noticed on the lake. Sometime last year the lake rose suddenly both at Charlotte and Oswego and all along the south shore. It was not in time of ice that this occurred. A contemporary suggests that the going out of the ice between the upper and lower Falls in the city may have caused this. This is impossible. The rise was distinctly noticed as coming from toward the lake, and again the ice did not go out from above till a later hour in the day.

This phenomenon can be accounted for upon no principle known to those who observe the effect of the wind upon the waters. It is hours rather than minutes before a heavy gale can cause such an agitation in the waters of the lake. [Rochester Union, Jan. 18th]

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Jan. 23, 1873
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Rick Neilson
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Daily News (Kingston, ON), Jan. 23, 1873