The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Daily News (Kingston, ON), July 11, 1873

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p.1 A Trip On The Upper Ottawa - a letter to editor describing more of scenery, places, etc.; the Ottawa Union Forwarding and Railway Co.; steamer Prince Arthur, Capt. Murphy; str. John Young; str. John Eagan, Captain Duggan.

p.2 Marine News

Montreal Transportation Company's wharf - schr. Orient, Chicago, 18,600 bush. wheat; schr. W.B. Phelps, Chicago, 18,000 bush. wheat. The tug Glide arrived with five barges light. The tug H.F. Bronson left with barge Wanda, 10,325 bush. wheat; Cleveland, 18,000 bush. wheat; and McCarthy, 14,000 bush. wheat.

James Swift & Co.'s wharf - The strs. Corsican and Abyssinian and props. Columbia and America passed up; steamers Spartan and Athenian and prop. St. Lawrence passed down. The schr. Morning Star and steam-barge Norman arrived from Oswego with 400 tons coal. The steam-barge Nile arrived from the Rideau Canal with a cargo of railroad ties.

Holcomb & Stewart's wharf - The prop. Shickluna lightened 3,765 bush. corn, and proceeded to Montreal. Schr. Victor, Port Elgin, 17,050 bush. wheat.

The tug S.S. Edsall has been drawn up on the Marine Railway to get some repairs to her wheel.

A fine barque, named the Oliver Mowat, and belonging to Messrs. Fraser & George, is to be launched at Millhaven on Tuesday next. We learn that a large party is going up from Kingston to witness the event.

Port Colborne, July 10th, Down: schrs. Lillie Parsons, Chicago, Kingston, wheat; Richardson, Cleveland, Toronto, coal; Sarah Jane, do., do.; Smith & Post, Wilmington, Kingston, wheat; Picton, Cleveland, Toronto, coal; Pandora, Chicago, Kingston, wheat; Rising Star, Chicago, do.; Princess Alexandra, Bay City, Garden Island, staves; J. Norris, Toledo, Kingston, timber; Wm. Hunter, Cleveland, Prescott, stone; Annandale, Bay City, Kingston, staves; J. Graham, do., timber; Paragon, Cleveland, Toronto, coal; J. Scott, Port Ryerse, Stone Bridge, lumber; Cossack, Chicago, Kingston, wheat; A. Medora, Chicago, do.; M.C. Cameron, do., Port Colborne, wheat.

Up: schrs. Alma Munro, Westside, Clayton Belle, B. Eveleigh, barge Lisgar, prop. Lowell, schrs. Lady Macdonald, O.M. Bond, John Magee, Ontario, Maggie McRae, Emerald, Prince Alfred, D.M. Foster, Mary, prop. Buckeye, schrs. Maize, E.P. Dorr, Emery, K. Kelly, America, prop. Nashua.

p.3 Customs Imports - July 10th - str. Lake Michigan, Chicago, S. Chown & Son, 20 rolls roofing paper; J.B. McMullen, 1 case h h goods; A. Macphie, 465 bbls. flour, 351 bbls. meal.

July 11th - str. Spartan, Rochester, C.E.M. Co., 32 pcs rods; Rees Bros., 10 hf crates, 9 baskets fruit.

Schr. Morning Star, Oswego, J. Swift & Co., 115 tons coal.


The Oswego Times is giving description of the ports on Lake Ontario and here is what it says about Kingston. The above is situated at the head of the river navigation of the St. Lawrence, in a bay formerly by the headland dividing that river from the Cataraqui, and in the North-easternmost angle of Lake Ontario, possessing one of the best inland harbours in North America. The approaches to the anchorage ground admit the entrance in any weather of vessels of much greater draught than any navigating Lake Ontario. Kingston Bay may be divided into two parts, distinctly marked - an outer and inner bay. The latter is formed by the mouth of the Cataraqui River, and is sheltered on the north and east by the high tableland extending from the city along the north bank of the Cataraqui to the last canal lock at Kingston Mills; on the south it is sheltered by the bold point crowned by Fort Henry, which divides it from the St. Lawrence. On the north and south sides of this point are two small bays, the northerly bay, known as the Haldimand Cove, having deep water at its entrance. This cove or bay is separated from Kingston harbour by a low point, called Point Frederick, at the extremity of which are earthworks encircling a martello tower. There is a shoal water on this point, extending towards the inner bay or harbour proper, but the channel between it and the shoal at the tower, directly opposite the city buildings, is deep enough for any lake-going vessel, and is marked by two buoys on either side. The westerly extremity of the inner bay is put down on old maps as Missisquoi Point, now the Marine ship yard.

The outer bay may be traced by a line extending from Four Mile Point, opposite the lighthouse, to the head of Garden Island, thence across to the ship yard, and along the westerly extension of the city to the mouth of the Bay of Quinte. The anchorage ground in the outer bay extends from opposite the ship yard to a point opposite Morton's distillery, about 300 yards from the shore throughout. Under the lee of Four Mile Point is a favourite shelter for lake bound vessels during south-westerly winds.

The inner bay, to an observer, presents evidence of injury done to its navigable facilities by the military works in and around Kingston. Below Cataraqui Bridge extends an anchorage ground, estimated at 250 acres, now wholly useless from the intervention of the bridge. The rocky shoal opposite the market buildings might have been removed, and the objectionable nucleus for the deposits formed at the meeting of the waters of the Cataraqui River and Lake Ontario would thus have been wanting. A canal, or cut, extending from the termination of Haldimand Cove to McRossie's mill at Green Bay could be easily made, and would afford any extent of berths for vessels, as an additional entrance to the harbour. A cut through the rock on the east side of the earthworks at Point Frederick, would also give additional berths.

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July 11, 1873
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Rick Neilson
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
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Daily News (Kingston, ON), July 11, 1873