Montreal Transportation Company's wharf - Arrived: Schrs. Cossack, Chicago, 18,000 bush. wheat; Ada Medora, Chicago, 17,221 bush. corn; Rival, Chicago, 14,434 bush. wheat; Republic, Milwaukee, 20,800 bush. wheat. The tug Elgin leaves tonight with barges Frank, 9,000 bush. wheat; C., 8,992 bush. wheat; Amazon, 10,000 bush. corn; Index, 7,220 bush. corn.
James Swift & Co.'s wharf - The str. Athenian passed up, and the strs. Abyssinian, Corinthian and Picton and the prop. Lothair down.
Sprung A Leak - The schooner William Elgin, which was launched from the Marine Railway after undergoing extensive repairs, loaded with pig iron and passed up.When up a considerable distance, she sprung a leak, and had to put back, and discharge her cargo. She was hauled up on the Marine Railway this morning, where she will be overhauled.
Much Needed Improvement - Chateauguay shoal, Lake St. Louis, has long been a terror to mariners, and we have much pleasure in announcing that a buoy has been placed on it by Capt. Arch. McDonald of the tug Wren, and Capt. Murray of the tug Glide. These gentlemen deserve the thanks of all trades to Montreal for thus doing something to prevent loss to the cargoes passing up and down the river. We believe that frequent representations have been made to the Government for a buoy for this shoal, but without effect, and the above captains, in order to protect the tows entrusted to them, placed the buoy on the shoal at their own expense. We trust the Minister of Marine and Fisheries will see it to be his duty to reimburse them on their outlay, as it is really a public matter. Capts. McDonald and Murray have also arranged to have a light placed nightly on St. Anicet shoal, in Lake St. Francis, and Mr. Geney, who resides near that point, has consented to act as light-house keeper.
Batteau Channel - Batteau Channel is between Wolfe Island or Long Island, and Simcoe or Gage Island; this course is chiefly used by small craft, having in several places little more than two fathoms of water.
The South Channel is between Simcoe or Gage Island and Snake Island. In this channel there are five fathoms of water.
The North Channel, which is the best, runs between Snake Island and the Mainland; and although it increases the distance little, is by far the safest, averaging seven fathoms of water. [Oswego Times]
Abuse of Seamen on Shipboard - Arrests of officers for the cruel treatment of their men on board of ship have been frequent of late, and in one or two instances they have been followed by a penalty. In emergencies instant obedience to the orders of the mate is necessary, such as to take in sail in a sudden squall, or to cut away the rigging or spars, or to go aloft on duty, when the mate may enforce obedience by positive force. But the force is justified only as a means of compelling the performance of duty admitting of no delay. [Oswego Times]
Again Afloat - The schooner Delaware, wrecked and abandoned last fall on the east shore of Lake Michigan, has been rebuilt at Chicago, and her captain claims is a better vessel than before. Her first trip was made to this port with 370,000 bushels of corn. [Buffalo Com. Adv.]
Port of Toledo, July 5-7 - Cleared: Prop. Dominion, Montreal, 17,000 bush. corn; schr. Melrose, Oswego, 14,500 bush. corn.
Port of Chicago, July 5-6 - Cleared: Prop. Champlain, Ogdensburg, 12,621 bush. corn; prop. Montgomery, Port Huron, 28,700 bush. corn, 250 bbls. flour.
South Channel - When making Kingston Harbour from the Western ports, steer for the mid-channel between the Real and False Ducks; then alter the course to N.E. by N. 1/2 N., which takes the vessel through the South Channel direct to Kingston harbour. When the wind is ahead, make this course the base line, never passing it to the southward, but stand off and on to the northward and eastward until inside Nine Mile Point (on Simcoe Island) leaving Snake Island (which has a lighthouse 45 feet high, showing a red light, which can be seen at a distance of 8 miles), bearing N.W. or to the left; from thence the course is clear to Kingston. When running along Simcoe Island from Nine Mile Point Lighthouse (this lighthouse is 45 feet high and light stationary - bright) do not follow the curve of the island, as the water is very shoal. [Oswego Times]
North Channel - If the North Channel should be taken when inside Nine Mile Point lighthouse steer due north till midway between Snake Island and the Main Land, which course clears a shoal bearing N.W. of the lighthouse, giving Snake Island a good half mile berth to the eastward, thence due east into the harbour. [ibid]
Seamen's Wages - A sailor is entitled to his pay for services rendered at the expiration of the voyage or time specified in the articles of agreement. If a seaman's wages are not paid within ten days after the voyage is ended he may libel the vessel. But if he is bound to remain and assist in discharging the cargo, then he cannot attach the vessel until 10 days after the cargo is discharged, unless she is going to sail before that time. If the sailor is discharged at the end of the voyage, and before the vessel is unloaded, then he may proceed immediately against the vessel.
Port Colborne, July 14th - Up: Schrs. Fearless, Mary Taylor, A. Mulvey, Sybella, O.S. Storrs, Sea Gull, Rockaway, Gunnanier, Sweden, Florence, Linnie Powell, prop. Granite State, schrs. Benedict, Montmorency, Senator Blood.
Down: Props. Stanley, Marquette, Montreal, gen. cargo; Cleveland, Chicago, Ogdensburg, do.; schrs. Arabia, Cleveland, Kingston, coal; L.L. Lamb, Leamington, Ogdensburg, lumber; E.W. Rathbun, Cleveland, Kingston, coal; Babineau & Gaudry, do., Toronto, staves; Arctic, do., Hamilton, coal; F. Campbell, Toledo, Kingston, timber; Josephine, Cleveland, Hamilton, coal; J.C. Woodruff, Kingsville, Clayton, timber; Eliza White, Cleveland, Toronto, coal; Flora Emma, do., do.; J.D. Jenkins, Big Creek, Oswego, hoops; K. Peerless, Cleveland, Toronto, coal; Marysburg, do., do.; W.W. Grant, do., do.; Grace Whitney, Toledo, Ogdensburg, lumber; Telegraph, do., Oswego, corn; Florence, Cleveland, Toronto, coal; E.G. Benedict, do., do.; Ayr, Toledo, Kingston, timber; Mediterranean, do., Oswego, corn; St. Andrews, do., Kingston, timber; Quinlin, Cleveland, Toronto, coal; Maggie, do., do.; Bismarck, Bay City, Kingston, timber; prop. Ocean, Chicago, Montreal, gen. cargo.
Got Off - The prop Empire, which was beached on St. John's Island last week to prevent her sinking, has been got off, and proceeded to Ogdensburg last night. A party of wreckers from Garden Island were engaged in discharging her cargo, and the steam pumps were also engaged to get her off.