p.2 Harbor Improvement - A prominent topic of discussion among mercantile men, at the mayor's excursion on Wednesday, was the state of the harbour, and its improvement. The deepening and enlargement of the Welland Canal will, it is believed, greatly increase the business of this port by bringing down from the west a much larger class of vessels which will tranship their cargoes here. It is not to be denied that some men - and we believe we might reckon Mr. Carruthers among the number - consider that except we take advantage of this state of things and deepen and enlarge the harbour, that those vessels will pass by and proceed probably as far as Prescott if not to Montreal and so we shall be worse off then than at present. Without stopping at present to discuss that question we may say that the deepening of the harbour would be attended with very great cost, but that is no reason why it should not be gone about earnestly, energetically and practically. If the owners of water lots would meet together and apply for an Act of Parliament, to enable them to raise the money for the contemplated improvements, they would no doubt obtain it, and power to charge tolls until the money should be repaid. Many persons dislike the imposition of tolls, and we look upon them ourselves with great distrust, but they are charged, we believe, at all the other ports on the lake; and if the money can not be secured by any other means, they might be placed so low (if possible) as not to impede trade. True, the Dominion Government have said that if we can satisfy them that the improvement of the harbour partakes of the nature of a general and not a local work, they would feel it incumbent on them to undertake, or at least assist in, the required improvements. We are all satisfied that the improvement of the harbour is a work which would be of great benefit - if not vital necessity - to the trade of the Dominion, but can we satisfy others that it is so? We fear not. At any rate, we know that Mr. Simpson and Mr. Carruthers were unable to satisfy the members of the Dominion Board of Trade that it was so at the annual meeting in February at Ottawa. With regard to the enlargement of the harbour there appears a wide-spread feeling that the interests of the city would be greatly benefitted by the removal of the Cataraqui Bridge to Belle Island, and the substitution of a steam ferry for the accommodation of the traffic at that point. The city owns the largest amount of stock in the bridge and would only have to buy up the stock of the private stockholders which no doubt could be obtained on favourable terms. The throwing of a bridge across Belle Island would not be attended with much expense, as the Island itself almost bridges the channel. It is also said that recent examinations show that the bottom of the river above the bridge is clay, and capable of being dredged at least two feet deeper. Should this be the case, it is a most important fact, as the removal of the bridge would at once double our harbour space, and it must be remembered that the new addition would be completely sheltered from south-westerly winds which are said to cause so much annoyance to trans-shippers in the upper harbour during the fall, and for protection from which they have been clamouring for the construction of a breakwater. We throw out these ideas, not in any dogmatic spirit, but for the purpose of eliciting information and discussion. We regard it, however, as a matter of primary importance that an efficient survey of the harbour by a competent engineer should be made at an early day, as without that we are only arguing in the dark. When that is done we then can discuss the question intelligently and with the proper data to guide us. We regard the enlargement of the Welland Canal as the dawn of a glorious day for our city, if our merchants have only the enterprise to be prepared for it.
The schr. Acadia, which was launched at Smith's Falls a short time ago, arrived from the Rideau Canal last night in tow of the tug Lily. She is a very handsome boat. She will be fitted up for sailing here, and the workmen are now busy on her.
Montreal Transportation Company's wharf - O.S. Storrs, from Port Dalhousie, arrived with 8,876 bush. corn. The tug Glide arrived with 4 barges and 124 tons rail iron, being the first installment for the Kingston and Pembroke Railway. The Glide left today with Dauntless, 12,250 bush. corn; Chicago, 23,100 bush. corn; Dreadnought, 10,000 bush. wheat; Ingot, 7,031 bush. corn; Utility, 12,300 bush. corn; Frank, 10,000 bush. corn.
James Swift & Co.'s wharf - The steamers Abyssinian and Corinthian, and props. America, R.W. Standly and Prussian passed up; and steamers Spartan and Athenian down. The schooner Flying Scud arrived from Fairhaven with 130 tons coal. Tug Lily coaled here.
Holcomb & Stewart's wharf - The barge Linnet left with 17,000 bush. wheat, and load of staves for Montreal per Government Tug Line.
Salmon Point - This dangerous place called Salmon Point is situated on the Prince Edward shore, and is three miles from Long Point, bearing W.N.W. There are two dangerous reefs off this place, and vessels coming down the lake should give at least a mile berth. The most dangerous of the two reefs runs due West into the lake a distance of half a mile, and the depth of water on this shoal is from 6 to 8 feet. The second reef runs south into the lake a distance of half a mile, with a depth of water from 8 to 10 feet, and is half a mile below the west reef. There is no anchorage or shelter inside of Salmon Point. Vessels have run for shelter inside of Salmon Point, and remained there. For instance the Jessie, of Port Stanley, which "came to" on the 31st of October, 1870, and came to an end with all on board.
Wampous Island - The above is 10 miles N.W. from South Bay Point, and is celebrated for its being a perfect shelter, no matter from what direction the wind may blow. The entrance to the above anchorage ground can be made from the eastward or westward of the island. The depth of water is from 3 to 5 fathoms, and the anchorage is first-class, being muddy bottom.
Port Colborne, Aug. 20th - Down: Schrs. Ameden, Cleveland, Toronto, coal; Paragon, do., Toronto, coal; New Dominion of Quebec, do., Hamilton, do.; Ellen Therese, do., Toronto, do.; Garibaldi, Bay City, Collinsby, staves; Camanche, Chicago, Oswego, corn; Denmark, Bay City, Kingston, timber; Rockaway, Troy, Oswego, coal; Lyman Casey, Toledo, Ogdensburg, wheat; Gold Hunter, Dresden, Clayton, staves; Fanny Campbell, Toledo, Kingston, timber; Agnes, Cleveland, do., coal; L.A Burton, Chicago, do., wheat; Lady Dufferin, do., do., corn; Theresa, Toledo, do., timber; W. Davis, Chicago, do., wheat; B. Sheridan, Cleveland, Oswego, do.; Agnes Hope, do., Hamilton, coal; Craftsman, Bay City, Kingston, staves; Forest Queen, Toledo, Kingston, corn; J. Scarth, Cedar Creek, Clayton, timber; Partage, Toledo, Oswego, timber; Ariadne, Cleveland, Toronto, coal; Ben Franklin, Cleveland, Kingston, wheat.
Up: Schrs. S. Union, W.F. Greenwood; props. St. Albans, Lake Erie; schr. Fellow Craft.
Married - At Garden Island, August 19th, at the residence of the bride's father, by the Rev. A.G. Knight, B.A., Mr. James Dix to Miss Elizabeth Hickey.
p.3 Customs Imports - August 20th - Schr. B. Folger, Hamilton, Calvin & Breck, 5,801 pipe staves, 36,424 W.I. staves.
Sloop Jessie, Chippewa Bay, Calvin & Breck, 3,000 withs.
Schr. Augusta, Monroe, Calvin & Breck, 236 pcs. oak.
Str. Lake Ontario, Toledo, Coulthurst & McPhie, 5,283 bush. wheat.
August 21st - Str. Passport, Hamilton, R. Carson, 1 tierce hams; P. Clint, 3 tierces hams; G.M. Wilkinson, 1 tierce hams; A. Gunn & Co., 5 tierces hams, 1 tierce lard, 1 bbl bacon; W.R. McRae & Co., 1 tierce hams; W. Begg & Co., 1 bbl. bacon; R. Town, 1 bbl water melons, 15 bbls apples; 4 crates tomatoes; R. Smith, 2 crates fruit; A. Milloy, 61 bbls. apples.
Schr. Flying Scud, Oswego, J. Swift & Co., 129 tons coal.
Schr. St. Lawrence, Toledo, McArthur Bros., 175 pcs. oak.
Schr. Cossack, Chicago, M.T. Co., 19,300 bush. corn.
Schr. Ironsides, Chicago, M.T. Co., 15,054 bush. corn.
Schr. Monticello, Milwaukee, M.T. Co., 20,000 bush. wheat.