The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Daily News (Kingston, ON), Sept. 29, 1873

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As there is a great deal of activity this season in marine matters, and as it is our most important interest, we have collected a few facts and figures on the subject, which we believe will be of interest. There are 32 Canadian steam vessels passing through the Welland Canal, of which no less than 11 have been built this season. These are marked new in the following list of names, which is arranged in alphabetical order:

Propellers - Armenia (new), Asia (new), Africa (new), Alma Munro (new), America, Argyle, Acadia, Bristol, Bruno, Canada, Columbia (new), California (new), Dominion, Dromedary, Europe, East, Georgian, Indian, Lake Erie (new), Lake Michigan, Lake Ontario, Ocean, Persia (new), Prussia (new), Scotia, Sovereign (new), Shickluna (new), St. Lawrence.

Steam Barges - Lincoln, Lothair, Kincardine.

We may mention that the propellers trade with Montreal, while the barges go no farther than Kingston or other Lake Ontario ports. The American propellers do not compete for the Montreal trade owing to their having less carrying capacity.

Assuming the average carrying capacity of each craft at 16,000 bush. wheat the total for the 32 is 512,000 bushels per trip, or at 9 trips a year 4 1/2 million bushels. The experience of the present year may be assumed to show that the vast increase of Canadian steam tonnage, not to mention that of sailing vessels, which is still greater in amount, has always found full down freights of Western grain to give it employment, the up freight, comprising merchandise and iron have been quite inadequate to load the shipping offering, which consequently have had to make their return trips to the upper lakes either entirely empty or with partial cargoes only.

The following is the list of the N.T. propellers navigating in the Welland Canal: Buckeye, Maine, City of Toledo, City of New York, City of Concord, Nashua, Granite State, Oswegatchie, Milwaukee, Lawrence, Lowell, Champlain, Boston, Brooklyn, St. Albans, Young America, Cleveland, Michigan, Bay State, Empire. The Akron, which was burnt a few days ago, was lately on the list of N.T. propellers. The American steam barges are about ten in number, among which the Glasgow, A.A. Turner, W. Cowie, Belle Cross, Westford, and Schoolcraft, Kate Henchman, Eureka, Dubuque. Total number of Canadian and American steam craft passing the Welland Canal are, therefore, about sixty-two. The American propellers have not an average carrying capacity above 14,000 bushels, or 2,000 less than the Canadian.

[St. Catharines News]

p.2 Marine News

Jones & Miller's wharf - schr. J.S. Richardson, Milwaukee, 18,000 bush. wheat. The barge Cato left for Montreal with 10,600 bush. wheat.

Montreal Transportation Company's wharf - prop. Enterprise, Port Dalhousie, 21,064 bush. wheat; prop. Africa, Toledo, lightened 3,808 bush. wheat; schrs. Enterprise, Port Dalhousie, 9,232 bush. wheat; Nett Woodward, do., 11,948 bush. corn; Flora Emma, do., 8,595 bush. wheat. The tug Charlotte arrived with four barges, and left with McCarthy, 14,964 bush. wheat; Lorne, 15,000 bush. wheat; Detroit, 21,000 bush. wheat; Portland, 10,000 bush. wheat.

James Swift & Co.'s wharf - The steamers Passport and Bavarian passed up and prop. St. Lawrence down; Picton, Spartan and Bristol up. Steam barge Gatineau, from the Rideau Canal, with general cargo; schr. Morning Star, Sodus, 114 tons coal; steam barge Saxon, Sodus, coal. The tug S.S. Edsall coaled.

Holcomb & Stewart's wharf - Schr. Admiral, Chatham, 2,608 bush. wheat; prop. Sovereign, Milwaukee, 4,900 bush. wheat; Prussia, Milwaukee, 4,005 bush. wheat; Scotia, do., 5,000 bush. wheat; schr. British Queen, St. Catharines, 8,000 bush. white wheat; Moravian, Rideau Canal, 175 tons phosphate for Quebec.

Mr. Gildersleeve's new steam-barge Welshman made a trial trip in the harbour on Saturday, with good results. We learn she will make her first trip today.

Port Colborne, Sept. 27th - Up: schrs. Mahill, Garibaldi, Marysburg, S. & J. Collier, Eureka, Jas. Norris, Yankee Blade, H.W. Hoag, prop. St. Albans, schrs. Melrose, Duncan City, Grocer, Whitney, J.C. Woodruff, Grantham.

Down: steam-barge B.P. Cross, Bay City, Ogdensburg, lumber; barges Albany, do., do.; S.F. Laker, do., do.; L.B. Crocker, do., do.; schrs. Undine, Cleveland, Toronto, coal; Morning Light, Detroit, Oswego, wheat; Bessie Barwick, Bay City, Kingston, timber; China, Cleveland, Kingston, coal; Fenton, Port Huron, Kingston, staves; W.G. Grant, Detroit, Ogdensburg; steam-barge Kincardine, Cleveland, Toronto, coal; barge David Andrews, do.; schrs. White Oak, do., stone; D. Freeman, do., coal; Norway, Toledo, Kingston, timber; props. Alma Munro, Chicago, Montreal, gen. cargo; Buckeye, Cleveland, Ogdensburg, gen. cargo.

Cunningham's Boats Again At The Front - Owing to a dispute, the race for second-class boats was sailed over again on Saturday. The boats entered were Lady Kate, of Belleville, the Phantom, Island Maid and Hard Tack. The Phantom, built by Cunningham for Mr. Coxall, of Wolfe Island, was the winner. This is one more testimony to Mr. Cunningham's skill as a boat builder.

Presentation - After the launch of the North Star at Mill Point last week, Mr. Wm. Jamieson, the builder, was presented by his employers and workmen with a silver watch worth $50, and also a complimentary address to which a suitable reply was made.

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Sept. 29, 1873
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Rick Neilson
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Daily News (Kingston, ON), Sept. 29, 1873