The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Daily News (Kingston, ON), March 24, 1874

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p.2 Enlargement of the St. Lawrence Canals - At a meeting of the St. Catharines Board of Trade on Thursday evening to consider the subject of the enlargement of the St. Lawrence Canals, Capt. R. Wynne referred to the three classes of navigation required to be dealt with. These were lake navigation, river and canal navigation, and ocean navigation. It was no use trying to build lake vessels to compete with sea-going ones. He felt that Kingston should be the Buffalo of Canada where the grain should be transhipped. There was no use trying to bring ocean vessels up our lakes, and grain was all the better for being transhipped at Kingston. He believed that the people of Montreal and Kingston had just reason for their objections to the proposed enlargement, and it was far better for large and expensive vessels to be navigating the lakes than to be making a slow and tedious canal and river passage, when the same work could be done with less expensive barges.

Welland Canal Mission - For the last six years this noble Christian enterprise has been vigorously carried on by the Upper Canada Religious Tract Society, and sustained by the sympathy and benevolence of Canadian Christians of all denominations. The Missionary gives the following report of labour for the past year: Number of visits to vessels - 2,500; religious periodicals circulated - 7,000; religious books circulated - 700; Bibles, Testaments and portions, 400; visits to hospitals - 30; religious and temperance tracts - 57,000. The friends of the cause in Kingston have, with their wonted liberality, cheered the hearts and sustained the hands of the Missionary, for which he returns his cordial thanks.

The Ferry - The Pierrepont did not, after all, reach the Cape last night. At the foot of Wolfe Island she got into a very stiff field of ice, which made her turn back. She was to make another trial today, but the drift ice both at the head and foot of the island will prevent her crossing all the way. This unexpected turn of affairs is causing a good deal of inconvenience, as a large quantity of freight is waiting at both sides for the running of the boats.


St. Catharines, March 21st - A special general meeting of the Board of Trade was held at the Mechanic's Institute last evening. Jas. Norris, President, in the chair. The chairman read a circular issued by Mr. Page, Chief Engineer of Public Works, asking three questions referring to the cost of transporting grain to different points, and the proposed enlargement of the Canals below Prescott and Montreal. The following resolution was moved by Mr. Carlisle, seconded by Mr. Lowrie and resolved, that, in the opinion of this Board of Trade, it is of the highest importance to the interest of the Dominion, that the St. Lawrence canals should be enlarged to the same dimensions as the proposed enlargement of the Welland canal, and that these two works should be completed at the same time for the following reasons: First, the main object of the canal enlargement is to attract trade to and from the great West and Europe through Canadian waters, building up a Canadian marine, giving employment to Canadian people adding population and wealth to our common country. Second, the enlargement of the Welland canal alone would not effect this object, as vessels of the enlarged size could not pass between (sic - below ?) Kingston. Third, transhipping at Kingston is impractical for steamers, as merchandise would not bear the cost of river freight and expense of transit, and steamers could not engage in their lake trade alone, without return cargoes, except at largely increased rates of down freight. Fourth, by the enlargement of the St. Lawrence canal steamers carrying 40,000 bushels could deliver grain at Montreal at a much less rate than if transhipped at Kingston say at a cost of half a cent per bushel over the rate to Kingston, the additional expense being only the wages of crew for say 4 days and cost of fuel. Fifth, the enlargement would enable steamers with several barges in tow, to trade between Western ports and Montreal direct, and effect a large saving in transportation. Sixth, the enlargement would ensure a direct trade between the lake ports and the Eastern provinces, giving our farmers a market for their surplus productions, and in return, taking the coal and fish from the Eastern Provinces. In view of the above facts, this Board will respectfully urge upon the Government the immediate commencement and early completion of the St. Lawrence enlargement upon the same dimensions as proposed for the Welland Canal, and it is the opinion that an expenditure of ten million dollars or more to accomplish said work would be trifling compared to the great advantage the interests of commerce would gain thereby. Carried unanimously. On motion the Secretary was instructed to have the resolution printed and sent to the Board of Works at Ottawa. Moved by Mr. Merritt and seconded by Mr. Lowrie that in the opinion of this Board the enlargement of Port Colborne harbour should be completed at the earliest possible moment.

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March 24, 1874
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Rick Neilson
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Daily News (Kingston, ON), March 24, 1874