The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Daily News (Kingston, ON), May 1, 1874

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The National Board of Lake Underwriters have issued a circular to vessel masters, from which the following suggestions for their guidance were obtained:

We ask your attention to the following brief suggestions:

Before leaving port, your vessel should be in good condition as to hull, spars, sails, rigging and other outfit; she should be sufficiently manned, in good trim, and in every respect seaworthy. If she be otherwise, the policy does not cover.

She should be provided with proper signal lights, and supplies for the same, and the other officer of the deck should frequently examine them to see that they are in proper position and burning brightly.

A book should be kept in which the incidents of the voyage from watch to watch should be carefully noted.

Suitable leads and lines should be supplied. Many disasters have been caused from not using the lead in thick weather and on dark nights. Omitting the frequent use of the lead at such times, is a very reprehensible neglect of duty.

A lookout, in addition to the officer of the deck, should always be kept at his station, and should be diligently watched to see that he is doing his duty.

Overloading should be carefully avoided. Many masters are found sufficiently reckless to jeopardize the safety of the crew, vessel and cargo, for the sake of a small additional freight. An overloaded vessel is unseaworthy, and in such case the policy does not cover. In loading iron ore, railroad iron, and other dead weight, care might be taken that the cargo is properly distributed throughout the ship, so that no one part of the vessel should be liable to undue strain.

In time of disaster, the particular interests of either the owners of vessel or cargo or of the underwriter, should have no separate consideration. The master must act as a prudent and capable man should were he the sole owner of vessel and cargo without any insurance.

At the principal ports on the lakes, this Board have stationed inspectors, and at most of them underwriters, have agents and wreck masters; these the master should consult, as well as with other experts, if time permits, and endeavor to avail himself of their co-operation, but they have no authority to relieve him of his responsibility. He should get all the good counsel available, then act as in his sound discretion seems best for the interests of all concerned.

In case of disaster the master should as soon as possible consistent with proper care of the property in his charge, advise the owner and underwriter of the condition of vessel and cargo and what action is being taken for their preservation and safety. If it can be done without unjustifiable delay, endangering ship or cargo, he should wait for the instructions of those interested before incurring serious loss or heavy expense. He should as soon as practicable, after he has done all in his power for the preservation of ship and cargo, note his protest before the most available notary public, and give a full and faithful account of occurrences immediately previous to and at the time of the disaster. The protest should be signed and sworn to by the master, the first or second officer, and, if practicable, two of the seamen.

p.2 Spring Assizes - Flanagan vs Butters - This was an action brought to recover freight upon a cargo of 18,815 bushels of spring wheat, conveyed from Toronto to Brighton in the schooner H.B. Rathbun. Verdict for the plaintiff for $220.37. Certificate for full costs granted. Mr. James O'Reilly, Q.C., for the plaintiff; Mr. B.M. Britton for the defendants.

Marine Intelligence

The weather keeps cold, and the ice in the canals is reported to be still strong. The arrivals are not numerous.

Montreal Transportation Company - Arrived: prop. Columbia, 18,100 bush. wheat. The tug Glide left with barges Consort, 10,600 bush. wheat; Harvest, 14,000 bush. peas; Lorne, 13,820 bush. wheat; McCarthy, 13,920 bush. wheat; Detroit, 19,970 bush. wheat.

James Swift & Co.'s wharf - The steamer Osprey passed down on her first trip this season; prop. Canada also went down. The steamer Kincardine left last evening for Oswego; and the schr. Hawk cleared with a cargo of barley for Cape Vincent. The Spartan was to leave for Toronto on her first trip up this evening.

Holcomb & Stewart's wharf - schr. John Wesley, Trenton, 1,200 bush. wheat; Two Brothers, Port Hope, 8,500 bush. wheat; Kate, Oshawa, 6,200 bush. wheat; prop. Europe, 1,600 bush. wheat.

Port Colborne, April 30th - Down: schrs. Clyde, Bay City, Kingston, timber; Garibaldi, do., do., lumber; barque Mary Jane, do., do., timber; George Thurston, do., do., do.; Magellan, do., do., do.; schrs. Melrose, Sandusky, Hamilton, coal; E.G. Benedict, Cleveland, Toronto, coal; Reigna (sic), Erie, Welland, coal; barque Emerald, Bay City, Kingston, timber; Manzanilla, do., Collinsby, timber; General Burnside, do., Kingston, timber; steambarge T.A. Turner, Detroit, Ogdensburg, lumber; schr. M.C. Cameron, Kincardine, Kingston, wheat; Pulaski, East Tawas, Oswego, lumber; steambarge D.W. Powers, Port Hope, Ogdensburg, do.; steambarge Albercorn, do., do., do.

Up: barge Church, Ogdensburg, Bay City, light; Keating, do., do., do.; schrs. Crawford, Fairhaven, Detroit, coal; St. Lawrence, Kingston, Traverse Bay, light; Elgin, Kingston, blank, light; Evelin Bates, Kingston, do., do.

In harbour for shelter - schrs. Lydia, Helen Pratt.

The schr. Pulaski arrived last night, has been delayed by her centreboard being down and jammed.

ad - For Picton, Belleville and Intermediate Ports - The R.M. Upper Cabin Steamer Rochester, Capt. Campbell, with schedule.

p.4 Claims Against Vessels - In the House of Commons on Wednesday Mr. Kirkpatrick moved the second reading of the bill to facilitate the recovery of claims against vessels. With regard to the question of jurisdiction, he pointed out that under the British North American Act, the Parliament was empowered to legislate on questions affecting navigation and shipping.

Hon. Mr. Mackenzie hoped the Hon. member would allow this measure to stand. The question was now under the consideration of the Government and they would in all probability deal with it shortly.

Mr. Kirkpatrick said he was willing to comply with the request, and he would have been pleased if Government had given some definite promise on the subject.

Hon. Mr. Smith said the Government had declared upon asking the Admiralty Court of Great Britain to extend its jurisdiction to Ontario.

Mr. Kirkpatrick congratulated the Government on having taken this step and expressed his willingness to withdraw his bill.

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May 1, 1874
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Rick Neilson
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Daily News (Kingston, ON), May 1, 1874