p.2 CARRIERS BY WATER
A Bill is at present before Parliament which is intended to define the liabilities and rights of Carriers by water in the Dominion, concerning which different rules at present prevail in several of the Provinces. The Bill provides that Carriers in accordance with the terms of which they have given notice shall receive and convey passengers and freight unless there is reasonable and sufficient cause for not doing so. Besides being responsible for goods received on board their vessels they are also to be held responsible for goods delivered to them for conveyance by any such vessel; they are to use every precaution for the safe keeping of goods entrusted to their care, and to use all diligence in forwarding the same to their destination. They are to be held liable for any damage to goods entrusted to them, the following cases excepted: "By reason of fire and the dangers of navigation; arising from any defect in or from the nature of the goods themselves; or from armed robbery or irresistible force; to any gold, silver, diamonds, watches, jewels, or precious stones, money or valuable securities, or article of great value, not being ordinary merchandise; by reason of any robbery, theft, embezzlement, removal or secreting thereof, unless the true nature and value thereof has at the time of delivery for conveyance been declared by the owner or shipper thereof to the Carrier or his agent or servant, and entered in the bill of lading or otherwise in writing." Carriers are also to be held responsible "for the loss of or damage to the personal baggage of passengers by their vessels, and the oath or affirmation of any such passenger shall be prima facia evidence of the loss or damage to such articles, and of their value." It is provided, however, that "such liability shall not extend to any greater amount than one hundred and fifty dollars, or to the loss or damage to any such valuable articles mentioned, unless the true nature and value of such articles so lost or damaged have been declared and entered." The word "goods" in the Bill is defined as meaning and including goods, wares, merchandize and articles of any kind whatsoever; and the expression "valuable securities" shall have the meaning assigned to that expression in and by the Act respecting larceny, and other smaller offences, and any Act amending the same."
Holcomb & Stewart's wharf - The schr. Niagara has arrived from Goderich with 1,500 (sic) bush. wheat.
Kingston Foundry wharf - The steambarge Saxon is being repaired and painted. The small steamer Queen has been thoroughly renovated, and has been supplied with a new engine. She will start on her first trip today.
Shipyard - The Forest Queen is hauled up for repairs.
James Swift & Co. - The str. Magnet and Picton, and prop. Scotia passed up and the str. Passport down. The prop. Kincardine arrived from Oswego, and the steambarge Waterlily from Rideau Canal.
Montreal Transportation Co. - The schr. Minnie Williams has arrived from Chicago, with 15,918 bush. wheat.
Striking Trimmers - A day or two since the grain trimmers of Milwaukee struck for an advance of 50 cents per 1,000 bushels. They had been receiving $1.50 per 1,000 bush., and in face of the facts that freights are ruinously low, attempted to re-establish the rate of $2 on the "devil take the hindmost" principle, we suppose. The strike has proved an utter failure, but as yet none of those engaged in it have gone to work. The vessels employ their own crews, paying them $5.00 extra therefor. The agents of prop. lines at that port have determined to put a stop to strikes or stevedores in the future, and have made arrangements which will compel them to refrain from such action. The price now paid to this class of labour is 25 cents per hour.
Changing the Rig - A large per centage of the lake craft have during the past winter done away with their former style of rig by sending down their yards and square hamper and adopting the fore-and-aft fit out, and ere long it is rendered almost certain that the class of vessels known as barkentines will be done away with altogether. Square full-rigged brigs and barques have long since passed away and somewhat modified by reverting to the style recently in use, which has also been found to be unsuitable for lake service.
Port Colborne, May 15th - Up: schrs. Mary Grover, Toronto, Toledo; Wanderer, Port Hope, Buffalo, iron; prop. St. Albans, Ogdensburg, Chicago, gen. cargo; schrs. Houghton, Oswego, Milwaukee, coal; C. Jeffrey, St. Catharines, Cleveland, light; Floretta, Port Colborne, Cleveland, light; Queen of the Lakes.
Down: schrs. Clayton Belle, Chicago, Ogdensburg, corn; Floretta, Chicago, Port Colborne, do.; E.M. Portch, do., do., wheat; prop. Granite State, Toledo, Ogdenburg, gen. cargo; barge O.J. Hale, do., do., corn and oats; schrs. Northumberland, Milwaukee, Kingston, wheat; Westside, Chicago, Oswego, corn; prop. Georgian, Port Ryerse, Montreal, flour; schrs. Miami Belle, Toledo, Oswego, wheat; Laura Bell, Milwaukee, do., wheat; Surprise, do., Ogdensburg, do; T.Y. Avary, Chicago, Oswego, corn and wheat; S.D. Hungerford, Toledo, Oswego, wheat; Jas. Norris, Chicago, Kingston, do.; Acacia, Detroit, do., staves; barque Cavalier, Alpena, Collins Bay, timber; schr. Jane Ralston, Toledo, Ogdensburg, lumber; barque C.B. Benson, do., Montreal for Cork, corn; schrs. L.L. Lamb, Detroit, Oswego, wheat; Anglo Saxon, Toledo, Kingston, timber.
At elevator to light - barque Arabia, schrs. G.C. Channon, Orient.
ad - Cheap Excursion - Queen's Birthday - str. Maud to Cape Vincent and Watertown.