The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Daily News (Kingston, ON), June 25, 1874

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p.2 Marine Intelligence

James Swift & Co. - str. Spartan, up; str. York, up; str. Corinthian, down; prop. Indian, from Montreal; prop. R.W. Standley coaled; prop. Celtic coaled; schr. Mary Rutherford arrived with 450 tons coal; schr. Mary Stuart, 407 tons soft coal.

Holcomb & Stewart - prop. Ocean from Chicago lightened 4,000 bush. wheat; prop. City of Montreal, from Toledo, 4,700 bush. corn; tug Wren arrived from Montreal with light barges, and left with barges Swan, 15,100 bush. wheat and corn; Robin, 14,800 bush. wheat; Linnet, leaves with 14,800 bush. corn.

St. Lawrence & Chicago Forwarding Co. - schr. Jessie Macdonald, from Brighton, 5,445 bush. wheat; schr. D.W. Powers, 18,500 bush. wheat from Milwaukee; barge Tiger, 12,385 bush. wheat; Nebraska, 24,000 bush. corn; A., 11,550 bush. wheat; M.A. Grant, 11,150 bush. wheat.

Montreal Transportation Co. - schr. Flora Emma, from Toronto, 8,755 bush. wheat; schr. Defiance, Granby, 5,855 bush. wheat; prop. Cleveland, Chicago, 10,000 bush. No. 2 corn

Port Colborne, June 23rd - Up: schr. L. Seaton, Rochester, Chicago, coal; Melrose, Oswego, Detroit, cement; Mary Grover, Toronto, Cleveland, light; Josephine, do., do., do.; brig Peerless, Hamilton, Cleveland, light; schr. North Star, do., do., do.; Oriental, Kingston, Sault Ste. Marie, light; Wawanosh, Kingston, Cleveland, light; Conneaut, Oswego, Toledo, light; brig Fleur de Marie, Toronto, Cleveland, light; barque Republic, Clayton, Saginaw, light; Dashing Wave, Cape Vincent, Tonawanda, iron ore; G.L. Wrenn.

Down: schr. Lincoln Dall, Detroit, Oswego, wheat; Clayton Belle, Chicago, Oswego, corn; Valentine, Toledo, Oswego, wheat; Wm. Raynor, Toledo, Kingston, corn; Smith & Post, Detroit, Oswego, wheat; Mineral State, Milwaukee, Kingston, corn; barque Gibraltar, Sheboygan, McDonald's Cove, timber; Norway, Bay City, Kingston, timber; schr. Niagara, Kincardine, Kingston, wheat; Grace Sherwood, Cleveland, Prescott, coal; prop. Scotia.

A new tug built in Buffalo, for Mr. C.H. Carter, named the Salty Jack, after an old employee arrived this p.m. This makes five owned by Mr. Carter, and the eleventh tug enmployed here in harbour and canal towing.

p.3 The Proposed Reciprocity Treaty

The following is a synopsis of the articles of the Treaty following No. 4, which has already appeared:

By Article 5 Canada agrees to enlarge at her own cost the canals lying between Lake Erie and Montreal, so as to admit of the passage of vessels drawing twelve feet of water, the locks to be not less than 270 feet in length, 45 feet width and 12 feet in depth on the mitre sill. The St. Lawrence is also to be deepened so as to allow the passage of vessels drawing twelve feet water in the several reaches lying between the canals wherever necessary. This work is to be completed by the 1st of January, 1880.

By article 6 Canada agrees to construct on or before the first of January, 1880, the work known as the Caughnawaga Canal, to connect the St. Lawrence with Lake Champlain, with the same stipulations as to the draught of water and lockage as apply to existing canals. The Government of the United States agrees to urge upon the State of New York to enlarge, or, if necessary, to extend the canal from Whitehall to Albany, to the same extent as the canal last mentioned. The improvement of the Hudson River navigation, in the same sense, is also provided for.

Article 7 throws open the inland coasting trade to the vessels of both countries.

Article 8 provides for an equality of tolls levied on Canadian and American vessels passing through the canals of the Dominion. Canada is to impose what tolls she pleases on shipping passing through her canals, but without any discrimination as to the destination of the vessels, or whether one or more canals be passed. The St. Clair Flats canal, and Lakes Michigan and Champlain are to be free to the vessels of both countries, and the United States Government is to use its influence with the States interested to secure to Canadian vessels the use of the Erie, the Whitehall, and the Sault Ste. Marie Canals on terms of equality with citizens of the United States. If these concessions be not granted, then the use on equal terms with Canadians of the Caughnawaga Canal will be suspended.

Article 9 provides for free trade in ships between the two countries.

By Article 10 it is agreed to appoint a joint commission for advising the erection and regulation of lighthouses on the Great Lakes.

Article 11 provides for a joint commission for the propagation of fish in the inland waters common to both countries.

By Article 12 it is provided that the stipulations of the Treaty may be extended to Newfoundland.

Article 13 declares that the Treaty shall be in force for 21 years after the necessary legislation has been passed by the several contracting parties, and further until the expiration of three years after notice.

Article 14 - When the ratifications of the treaty shall have been exchanged, and the law required to carry it into operation shall have been passed by the Imperial Parliament of Great Britain and by the Parliament of the Dominion of Canada on one hand, and by the Congress of the United States on the other, then Articles 22,23,24 and 25 of the Treaty of May 8th, 1871, between Great Britain and the United States, shall become null and void.

Article 15 - The Treaty shall be duly ratified by Her Britannic Majesty, and by the President of the United States, and the ratification shall be exchanged either at Washington or at London, within ---- months or earlier, if possible.

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June 25, 1874
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Rick Neilson
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Daily News (Kingston, ON), June 25, 1874