The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Daily News (Kingston, ON), Oct. 5, 1874

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p.1 Marine Intelligence

Wrecking - The wreckers of Lake Michigan, which have been so successful in the recovery of valuable property from great depths, have about concluded their labours for this year. The lateness of the season will beyond a doubt, prevent their accomplishing anything towards the rescue of the Westmoreland, which lies exposed to westerly winds.

All lights of the United States in the River St. Lawrence and on Lake Ontario, Erie, St. Clair, Huron, Michigan, Champlain and Superior, and their contiguous bays, etc., will be continued on the first day of January of each year, unless otherwise specially directed, and upon the opening of navigation in the localities above named in each year the light keepers of the respective lights will exhibit the same from sunset to sunrise.

Dangers of Navigation - Lake navigation, it has been asserted by those who have sailed both at sea and on fresh water, is attended with far more dangers than ocean navigation and each season is attended with a greater loss of property. Up to this period it is shown by the records, that upon Lake Huron more vessels have foundered and more property lost in other ways, yet in the loss of life it is a trifle behind Lake Michigan. So far as the protection to shipping is concerned, they are about the same. The mean depth of Lake Huron is said to be 750 feet, Lake Michigan 700 feet, Lake Superior 800 feet, Lake Erie 204 feet, and Lake Ontario 600 feet. The total length of the five great lakes is said to be 1,345 miles, and the area 84,000 square miles. The heaviest gales and attended with the greatest loss of life and property were those of 1835, 1837, 1839, 1844 and 1860, all occurring during the month of November, save that of 1844, which took place on the 18th of October.

The schr. Victor arrived in port with her foremast and maintopmast carried away during the gale which prevailed on Thursday night.

The following arrivals and departures were crowded out on Saturday:

James Swift & Co.'s wharf - steamer Corinthian from Montreal; Algerian from Hamilton; prop. Calabria from Montreal; str. Passport from Hamilton; Picton from Montreal; schr. Active from Oswego, 100 tons grate coal; Jessie McDonald, from Oswego, 125 tons grate coal.

Holcomb & Stewart's wharf - Arrived: prop. Alma Munro, from Detroit, 4,133 bush. wheat; schr. Victor, from Toledo, 17,000 bush. wheat; schr. Augusta, from Toledo, 19,000 bush. wheat. Departures: for Montreal per tug line, barge Falcon, 17,000 bush. wheat; Wren, 22,100 bush. do.

Jones & Millar's wharf - prop. City of St. Catharines, with 4,000 bush. wheat from Detroit; schr. Wave Crest, from Windsor, with 100,000 feet sawn oak and 6,500 pipe staves; barge Alice Ray left for Montreal with 10,500 bush. wheat.

Montreal Transportation Company - tug Bronson, with barges Colborne, Milwaukee, Dauntless and Relief; schr. Mary Battle, 19,000 bush. wheat; T.C. Street, 18,600 bush. wheat; Turner and Keller, 17,142 bush. wheat; Collier, 11,043 bush. wheat; Jas. Norris, 17,000 bush. wheat; F.D. Barker, 17,200 bush. wheat. Departures: per Glide, barge Lorne, 16,105 bush. wheat; Advance, 12,934 bush. wheat; Glengarry, 14,360 bush. wheat; McCarthy, 14,350 wheat; Corn Crib, 17,000 bush. wheat.

James Swift & Co.'s wharf - str. Corsican from Montreal; prop. City of St. Catharines from Toledo; Celtic from Hamilton; Persia from Montreal; Canada, do.; Mary Robinson, Ogdensburg; schr. Homeward, from ? , ? bbls. cement.

Port Colborne, Oct. 5th (sic), Down: prop. Lake Erie, Detroit, Montreal, wheat; Garden City, Toledo, Ogdensburg, gen. cargo; Columbia, Detroit, Montreal, wheat; schr. Star, Cleveland, St. Catharines, coal; prop. St. Albans.

Up: prop. Oswegatchie, Ogdensburg, Chicago, gen. cargo; Georgian, Montreal, Port Dover, gen. cargo; L. Shickluna, Montreal, Chicago, gen. cargo; schr. Wacousta, Cobourg, Ashtabula, iron ore; L.S. Hammond, Oswego, Milwaukee, coal; canal boat Blazer, Welland, Buffalo, light; barque J.C. Woodruff, Thorold, Christian Island, light; schr. Lewis Ross, Whitby, Toledo, barley; George Houghton, Oswego, Milwaukee, coal; W. Hunter, Toronto, Erie, barley; G.C. Finney, Rochester, Chicago, coal; Seagull.

Up fleet left last night.

p.2 No Regatta - The presence of several yachts from a distance in the harbour on Friday and Saturday suggested to some gentlemen the advisability of raising a purse to be competed for today. Their efforts proved unsuccessful, however, the season is so far advanced we need not expect to have a regatta in Kingston this year.

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Oct. 5, 1874
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Rick Neilson
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Daily News (Kingston, ON), Oct. 5, 1874