The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Montreal Gazette (Montreal, QC), Dec. 10, 1842

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Buffalo Commercial, Wednesday, 23rd.

We gather the following additional particulars by arrivals this morning:-

The Marshal Ney, reported to be lost, made the harbour at Ashtabula, and escaped without much injury.

The Tippecanoe also is safe at Cleveland. The N. Hubbard, Hatch, wrecked off Conneaut, was yesterday visited, and no one found on board - the small boat gone, the vessel lay with her head down, and her stern out. As nothing has been heard from any of the crew, the probability is that all perished.

The Brandywine - We learn from Sheriffs Brown and Smith, who were officially called upon to protect the effects drifting ashore from this vessel, that she lies among the rocks about eighteen miles from this city, a total wreck. One man, a passenger, named Otis Burton, of Mendon, Monroe county, was found on board, with some eighteen dollars Rochester money on his person. None of the crew were found. All the flour, about one hundred and twenty barrels were saved - the cargo of wheat lost. The names of those supposed to be lost are Fred. Tubbs, master, George Whitington and brother, mate and cook, Erasius Wood and another hand.

It is ascertained that the name of the family lost in the Jefferson was Woods, and that they came from New Haven or Hartford. The account we hear is that the family were in the cabin in their berths, when the vessel struck, and a wave carried away the companion-way and filled the cabin. The sailors ran to rescue the passengers, and dragged the young woman to the forecastle. The children were drowned in the cabin. The father, mother and sailors were carried away by a wave and reached the shore alive, but the former two, nearly naked, died during the night from exposure. The young woman was drowned in the forecastle. The crew all survive except one sailor, who is supposed to have been lost in a swamp which he penetrated, in the forlorn hope of obtaining succour. The pecuniary loss is great, but we have not been able yet to ascertain who are the sufferers, or to what extent.

The following schooners are ashore on the Canada side, near Gravelly Bay: - Indiana, loaded with salt, a total wreck; Mississippi, Capt. Raymond, for Kingston, loaded with flour and pork, a total wreck; Ohio, Capt. Robertson, loading light; M. Kingman, high and dry, will probably be got off; and the brig F. Mills, and the schr. E. Jenny, the particulars of whose loss were given on Saturday. A little above Point Albino is the Florida, loaded with flour, pork and whiskey, for Buffalo.

From the Buffalo Commercial, Thursday, 24th.

The steamer Constellation, Hazard, arrived this morning from Detroit with a full cargo of flour, etc. During the gale she lay forty eight hours at the Middle Sisters, and her engine crippled, but finally succeeded in getting into Detroit in safety. The brig Indiana was aground at the foot of Hog Island, Detroit River. The brig Illinois had reached the mouth of Detroit River for the upper lakes, but got aground in coming out, and was towed off by the Constellation.

The Rocky Mountain and Columbia were loaded and bound down. Alert, from Monroe, in ballast, lost an anchor and chain. The R. Hunter was also towed out, and may be expected here tonight. The B. Barton was in Detroit.

No mails have been received at Detroit from Chicago for several days, in consequence of a small steamer suspending her trips to St. Joseph. We learn verbally, however, that the Bunker Hill reached Chicago in safety on Sunday week, and was to leave on the following Tuesday, 15th. We have therefore as yet no tidings of the storm from any point west of Detroit.

From the Buffalo Commercial of Friday, 25th.

The Great Western, for whose safety much anxiety prevailed, arrived at noon today. She was in Saginaw Bay during the gale, and rode it out triumphantly. The Wisconsin is still aground thirty six miles beyond Detroit, leaky. The Great Western brings nothing further of the gale. It is understood that eighteen vessels were ashore on the Canada side of the lake.

From the Detroit Advertiser of Wednesday, 23rd.

The schooner Hudson arrived in port from Cleveland, from whence she sailed yesterday, reports the following statement as having been made by the Captain of the schooner Alleghan, who had just arrived from Grand River.

During the gale, the schooner Jena, of Detroit, lost two men off Grand River, and was driven out to sea.

Schooner Merchant lost one man - lay at anchor off Grand River during the gale; kedged in since.

From the Cleveland Herald of Tuesday 22nd.

Effects of the Gale - The Rochester came in this afternoon from Erie, the first boat from below since Thursday last. From reports brought by her, it appears that the destruction of and shipping (sic), by the tremendous gale on Thursday night was fearful indeed.

Two schooners, one of them the Buckeye, ashore at Conneaut. The schooner Jenny had two hands washed overboard near Grand River, and it is feared the vessel is lost. It is reported that five bodies had been picked up at Fairport.

The schooner John Grant, Merchant, M. Ney, and Western Trader got into Fairport. The B. Franklin is badly wrecked. The Allegan will probably be got off.

The Rochester towed the schooners Chesapeake and Merchant (lower lake vessels) into Erie. The schooner Emily made Erie harbour, and reported running foul of a wreck during the gale.

From the Buffalo Commercial of the 28th.

From the Upper Lakes - The arrival of the steamer B. Hill, at Cleveland, and schooners M. Freme and M. Helme, at this port, furnish some items from the Upper Lakes. The storm was experienced in its full force upon Lake Michigan, attended with intense cold. Captain Martin, who had charge of the M. Freme, lay under the lee of the Sleeping Bear, comparatively safe. He saw several sail pass him during the height of the storm, but too indistinctly for recognition. The schooner Bancroft was known to be ashore at the mouth of St. Joseph River. The ship Milwaukee, brigs Preble and Rebecca, steamers Illinois and Missouri, and schooners Savannah and Mariner, are still absent, and fears are entertained for the former vessel. Indeed, a report has reached this city, that she has been wrecked at Kalamazoo, and that Captain Whittemore and several of the crew were lost.

The steamer Fairport has been chartered for the purpose of towing down the Wisconsin to Detroit.

Reports from Canada say, that the stern of a schooner is visible off Point Abino, and that barrels of flour, marked "Verona Mills, B.B." were drifting ashore. This vessel is supposed to be the schooner Liguire, from Detroit. She has not, we believe, been heard of since the gale.

The river at Toledo is firmly frozen over, and we learn from the Cleveland Herald of Friday evening, that the Bunker Hill will go into winter quarters there, and that the schooners Pennsylvania, Michigan, Caledonia, and Elizabeth Wood, have returned to that port, from an unsuccessful attempt to reach Toledo.They could not get beyond Turtle Island. The steamers Wayne and Rochester attempted, on Thursday, to run into Maumee Bay, but returned to Detroit. The schooner Hudson arrived at Cleveland on Thursday night, from Detroit, and reported large quantities of ice in the river, and between the islands and the mouth of the river. She passed the schooners Favourite and Dayton, bound up. The steamer Gen. Scott was to leave Detroit on Friday morning for Fort Gratiot, to tow down the brig Preble, if she had arrived in the river.

We have an extra from the office of the Detroit Journal of November 24th, containing an account of the loss of the ship Milwaukie, during the tremendous gale of Friday last. The Milwaukie was a most beautiful ship of about 300 tons burthen, and has run from Buffalo to the upper lakes.

Correspondence of the Detroit Daily Advertiser.

Allegan, Nov. 19th, 1842.

Dear Sir, - The ship Milwaukie came ashore yesterday morning, about two o'clock, two miles north of the mouth of the Kalamazoo. There were of officers and crew fifteen persons on board, of whom but six are saved. Among the lost are all the officers, the cook and two boys. I have not heard the names of any except the Captain (Wetmore). Her freight was mostly flour, of which she had nearly a full load. Report says she took on board nearly three hundred barrels at St. Joseph.

She came to Kalamazoo, Wednesday afternoon. During that night and Tuesday forenoon, she took nine hundred barrels of flour. She had just finished loading, when the wind commenced blowing hard from the southwest. The captain attempted to get under way, but could not. Before dark it blew a gale, and was accompanied with snow. The night was a very cold one. About nine o'clock she commenced drifting towards the shore, and struck at two o'clock this morning.

The captain, first mate and the cook, the two boys, and two sailors perished of cold upon the ship after she struck. She lay about four rods from the shore.

The second mate and seven sailors left the ship and swam for the shore - in the attempt one of the sailors was drowned. The six remaining sailors made their way to a house two miles distant. On their return to the beach, the second mate was perishing, and died in a few minutes. They left the ship about nine o'clock in the morning.

The snow fell so fast, that it could not be ascertained from the shore, whether the ship was at anchor or not. She is said to be broken in the middle. The cargo will probably be mostly saved, in a damaged state.

Truly yours,


N.B. - She lay 1 1/2 mile out while loading.

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Dec. 10, 1842
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Rick Neilson
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Montreal Gazette (Montreal, QC), Dec. 10, 1842