The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Califnoria (Propeller), 3 Jul 1875

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The prop. CALIFORNIA, Capt. J.W. Leslie, of the Merchants' Lake and River Steamship Line, arrived in Duluth harbor on Monday, June 14, and has the honor of being the first arrival at Duluth direct from salt water. She left Pictou, a town on the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and on the eastern coast of Nova Scotia, on the Queen's birthday, May 25, with flags flying and guns booming, and with a cargo of coal from Montreal on board. Her course to Duluth was 300 miles up the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and thence up the St. Lawrence River to Quebec and Montreal, at which latter place she discharged her coal and took on a cargo of railroad iron for the Canada Pacific Railroad with which she proceeded to Duluth, leaving Montreal June 4. From Montreal she proceeded up the St. Lawrence River to Lake Ontario, through the Welland Canal to Lake Erie, and on through the Welland Canal to Lake Erie, and on through the St. Clair Flats, Detroit River, Lake Huron, Sault Canal and Lake Superior to Duluth, where she arrived, as stated above, June 14, 10 days from Montreal, and deducting for unloading at Montreal, 17 days from Pictou. At Detroit, Capt. Barton Atkins, of Duluth, went on board as pilot, and by his superior knowledge of Lake Superior she was enabled to pass the prop. ASIA and EUROPE, which had proceeded her at Montreal, and arrived at Duluth several hours ahead of both. The CALIFORNIA is a craft of average size and built for the freighting business exclusively. Her commander, Capt. J.W. Leslie, is a "bonnie laddie" from the north of Scotland, and is one of those jolly "old salts" whom it is always a pleasure to meet and converse with. She took a cargo of wheat which she transports to
Montreal, where it is to be transfered into ocean steamers and thence taken to Liverpool. The CALIFORNIA will probably make 2 or 3 more trips between Duluth and Montreal this season. - Inter Ocean.
      Detroit Post
      July 3, 1875

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voyage from Ocean
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William R. McNeil
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Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Califnoria (Propeller), 3 Jul 1875