The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Cambria (Propeller), U126420, 1 Feb 1887

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Notwithstanding the keen, frosty wind on Tuesday afternoon, quite two thousand people assembled to witness the launch of the steel steamship CAMBRIA, built for the Mutual Transportation Company by the Globe Iron Works Company. No accidents of any nature marred the event, and the symmetrical hull glided into the waters of the river on time. This is one of four steel steamers to be built for the same line by the Globe Company, and, although the CAMBRIA is beyond reproach, new features will be added to the others. They will be twelve feet longer. It is the intention to make the next steamer, which will be laid down during the summer, the standard of the line.
      The material entering into the construction of the CAMBRIA is all of Cleveland production, Otis furnished the iron and steel plates and the Cleveland Rolling Mill Company the forging.
Length of keel 280 feet and 5 inches; over all 297 feet; breadth of beam, 39 feet; depth of hold, 24 feet; between the spar deck and the main deck, 8 feet; and the lower hold about 13 feet. The plate on the bottom and up to the second strake above the turn of the bilge is steel. There are five strakes of iron on her sides, her sheer strakes being double, 44 inches wide and of 11.16 and a half inch steel width through and through. The plating on the boat is all 11.62 and a half inch thick. Half-inch iron is the lightest on the boat, and she carries this thickness throughout, although it might be lessened on one-third of her length. All steel frames, 24 inch centers, run to the luff of the bow. Then they begin to narrow up at 22 and 20 inches, and from the collision bulkheads to the stem they are 13 inch centers. The depth of the water bottom is 3 feet 4 inches, and is divided into six compartments, three on each side, with five bulkheads in the lower hold. The collision bulkhead runs to the spar deck. The others run to the main deck, with the exception of the boiler room bulkhead extending to the spar deck and terminating in an iron boiler house. In case of a collision the boat is provided with three iron decks in the fore side of the collision bulkhead and four tiers of keelsons on each side. Another very heavy stringer, 18 inches wide, runs parallel 8 feet from the main deck. The space between the stringer and the top of the water bottom is divided, and another 9 inch deck beam is put in as a side stringer. A wooden deck extends the width of the hatches, being encircled by a 6 foot 6 inch plate of half-inch steel. Iron bulwarks extend 70 fet aft from the stem, and the same is the case from the stern to the fore side of the boilers. The remaining bulwarks are of wood, with iron stanchions. There are no stanchions aft or headgear forward. The CAMBRIA will have three spars, with standing gaffs, to be used as derricks in handling cargo, but will carry no canvass. her fitout will be furnished by Grover & Son although the American Ship Windlass Company will furnish her with the favorite Providence steam windlass,new style, and capstans.
Captain George Mckay, manager of the Mutual Transportation Line has shown deep interest in the progress of the boat, and a desire to have her provided with the latest and most approved appliances of the modern ship. The engine is a triple expansion 24, and 61 by 42. The three cranks are set at an angle of 120 degrees which makes almost a perfect rotary motion. The engine will have a working pressure of 150 pounds and develope 1500 horse power. The bed plate is of box pattern, and weighs about 17 tons. This is the first triple expansion on the lakes and the Globe Company have gone to the expense of making a boring bar that will bore all the journals at one time, by this means, making them perfectly
true. The columns are of box pattern, two to each cylinders, with a large slide service and a water back to keep them cool. Another new feature is the bolting of all three cylinders in a line. In working the engine at the docks the steam reverse is such that it could be handled by a child.
The CAMBRIA will have two boilers, each 12 feet in diameter and fourteen feet long, with horizontal steam drums fourteen feet in diameter. The shells are of Otis steel, 1 and one eighth inch thick and are allowed 225 pounds pressure. Each boiler has three Aetna shaking grate furnaces.
The CAMBRIA has a Globe sectional wheel, and when her machinery and boiler are in place, the boiler house and cabin built, and the outfit aboard, will draw about 7 feet 6 inches aft and 5 feet forward, light, and carry 2680 tons on fifteen and a half feet draft. The wheel is 13 feet diameter with 16 feet lead.
The cost of the CAMBRIA will be about $160,000 and she will be commanded by Captain William Cummings, last season master of the propeller SPARTA, and H.F.McGinnis, Chief engineer of the line, will be engineer.
      The Marine Record
      Thurs. Feb. 3, 1886 p. 5

Steam screw LAKELAND. * U.S. No. 126420. Of 2,425 tons gross; 1,813 tons net. Built at Cleveland, Ohio., in 1887. Home port, Port Huron, Mich. 280.0 x 40.0 x 20.0 and a crew of 30. Passenger service. Of 1,200 indicated horse power. Built of iron.
* formerly steam screw CAMBRIA.
      Merchant Vessel List, U.S., 1911

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launch, Cleveland
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William R. McNeil
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Cambria (Propeller), U126420, 1 Feb 1887