The Gale.--We have had, within the last week, one of the severest gales that we recollect ever to have witnessed at this place. It commenced on Sunday evening about sunset, and continued, with unabated violence, for about twenty-four hours; blowing from the south west, directly down the lake, accompanied by rain, snow and hail. The works of our harbor sustained no injury, with the exception of two ice breakers, or detached piers, which had been put down on Friday and Saturday last, near the head of the harbor, but had not yet been filled with stone, and they were consequently driven from their moorings and floated on shore. The water in the lake rose from six to seven feet above its ordinary level, while within the harbor, for a mile and a half above the lower end, it did not rise more than 12 or 15 inches, and was comparatively tranquil, owing to the peculiar construction of the works which are calculated to throw off most of the surplus water near the upper extremity. About thirty rods of the towing path for canal boats, near the upper end, and on the inner or shore side of the harbor; and about 20 rods of the bank of the canal after it leaves the harbor for Buffalo, were swept away, occasioning a damage of twelve or fifteen hundred dollars. The flat, or lower village of Buffalo, was inundated to a considerable depth; but we know not, nor should we venture to put our own estimate upon it if we did, the extent of the injury which they sustained. Most of the lake vessels had been laid up for the season: one or two however came into Buffalo after the commencement of the gale, and we learn that the schooner Erie, Capt. Stanard, of this place, is on shore at Cleaveland, in the state of Ohio.