The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Codorus (Propeller), 4 Jan 1892

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The shipyards are busy places nowadays. There are more vessels in winter quarters at Buffalo this year than at any other port on the lakes, and more than were ever laid up here before. During the winter, or before spring, nearly all those vessels will undergo repairs more or less extensive, and this is why these companies are working by gangs of men early and late.
      In the first of the Mills dry docks stands the big wooden steamer MILWAUKEE of the Western Transit Company. She appears to be most hopelessly dismantled. Above her main deck forward the planking is torn off, showing her skeleton-like frames. The hugh wooden arches which run fore and aft on either side, have been sawed off between the uprights, leaving them like hugh arms waving in wild despair at the apparent destruction, which a gang of hammering, chopping and sawing workmen are accomplishing. The MILWAUKEE is to have new arches and upper works, which, in addition to other repairs, will cost in the neighborhood of $15,000.
      In the other Mills dock is the Anchor Line Steamer DELAWARE, also looking very dilapidated. Before she is in shape again over $10,000 will have been expended in giving her new floors, keelson and general repairs; and as soon as she is out the CONESTOGA, of the same line, will be put in her place for a similar overhauling.
      Mr. Mills said to an Enquirer reporter, that they have enough work to keep them very busy all winter.
      The Union Dry Dock, next to Mills, is equally rushed. Men and horses are hauling great timbers and sheets of steel through the mud to various places, while the big black forms of two steel steamers loom up in the docks. The first is the mammoth Erie Liner CHEMUNG. At first sight nothing in particular seems to be the matter with her, but inquiry revels the fact that the vessel lost her rudder in a storm during the latter part of the season. She will have a new one, besides other repairs.
      The other steamer is the BRAZIL, which ran into and sank the steamer SAMUEL MATHER last fall, thereby giving her own stern a bad twist.
      The object of most interest, however, is in the company's steel yard across the street, where, at the edge of the Blackwell Canal, the keel of a large steel steamer of peculiar build is being laid. It is the CODORUS, one of three boats all alike to be built at Detroit, Cleveland and Buffalo. The King Iron Works, who are building the engines for the CODORUS, say the outlook is much better than it was at this time last year. (part)
      Buffalo Enquirer
      January 4, 1892

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      A large crowd this afternoon witnessed the launch of the new straight-back steamer CODORUS, built for the Anchor Line by the Union Dry Dock company. Being one of three steamers constructed by three of the most prominent builders of high class tonnage on the lakes, the Union Company have put forth every effort to have the CODORUS as strong, speedy and shapely as steel and good workmanship can make her. The new steamers dimensions are as follows: Length over all, 290 feet; length of keel, 275 feet; beam, 40 feet; molded depth, 26 feet. Two steel boilers of the Scotch type, each 12 feet in diameter and 14 feet long, built by the Lake Erie Boiler Works will supply power at 160 lbs. pressure, to a triple expansion engine of H.G. Trout's make, with cylinders of 20 1/2, 33 and 54 inches in diameter, with 45 inch stroke. H.G. Trout also made the wheel which is 12 1/2 feet in diameter with 17 1/2 feet pitch.
      It is expected the ordinary speed of the CODORUS will be about 13 miles an hour when carrying a full cargo of 3,000 tons on a draft of 15 1/2 feet. The vessel's deck is perfectly straight from stem to stern, and she will carry no spars. In other respects she does not differ materially in general constructiog from the other modern package freight carriers of the lakes.
      The cargo space of the CODORUS is diveded into three compartments with two hatches in each and has three gangways on a side for handling package freight. Her spar deck is of steel and her main deck of wood on steel beams. Her hold is divided into seven water-tight compartments and her water bottom will hold 600 tons of water ballast. She is fitted with the usual steam steering and hoisting machinery and steam capstan and windlass. A 100-light electric plant from the Fisher Electric Lighting Company furnishes the necessary llumination. The displacement of the CODORUS on a 16 foot draft is 4,340 tons.
      Buffalo Enquirer
      Saturday, May 28, 1892

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building & launch
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William R. McNeil
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Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Codorus (Propeller), 4 Jan 1892