The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
International (Propeller), 12 Dec 1853

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Yesterday the new steam Ferry Boat, " INTERNATIONAL," made a trial trip. She left the dock at fifteen minutes after two, with the intention of going down the river and landing at Waterloo. A thick fog came on and her course was changed, going up the Canada shore and then across the lake into the Bay. This was a disappointment to many on board, as they wished to see the docks and works of the Company near the landing. The trial showed the INTERNATIONAL to be conveniently arranged, having a powerful engine suitable for the work she is designed to do on the river. It is the intention of the Company to take the passengers on board on the arrival of the cars at Waterloo and ferry them across to Buffalo Harbor, and to run regular trips between the two places for the purpose of carrying passengers. Even in the winter months, the INTERNATIONAL is expected to be able to contend successfully with the ice. Should that interfere, she will cross directly to Black Rock, whence the passengers will be brought to Buffalo by cars.
The " INTERNATIONAL" was successful in this trip, although we fancied that a side wheel steamer would be preferable and easier managed in the current. She is a propeller, having a paddle seventeen feet in diameter, which is about twice as large as those commonly used on propellers. Her engine, from the works of Shepard & Co., is of 450 horse power, has a cylinder 33 and one quarter inches, makes about fifty-five revolutions per minute, with 4 feet stroke, and has a speed of about 12 miles the hour. Her length on deck is 167 feet; breadth of beam 30 feet; depth of hold 10 feet. She was constructed by Messrs. Bidwell &
Banta, whose skill and enterprise as ship-builders is not excelled either at home or abroad. The upholstering of the boat is from Messrs. Cameron & McKay's and furniture from Jeremiah Staats. The mirrors, &c., by James Smith.
The INTERNATIONAL will take her place on the 20th. instant, when the Buffalo Brantford and Goderich Railroad will be opened to the public.
Captain Titus had the command of the boat. Mr. Perry, of Shepard & Co's establishment, was looking after the machinery. Our fellow citizen, Col. Silas Hemenway, is to have the general superintendence of this branch.
We were pleased to see the Comptroller and several Aldermen of the city on board, as well as the Hon. James Wadsworth and others interested in the Road. The successful opening and early completion of this road is a source of congratulation to our citizens, and we trust it may prove an enduring benefit to our friends on the other side as well as on this -- "International reciprocity" will be in this case fully sustained and appreciated.
      Buffalo Daily Republic
      Tuesday, December 13, 1853

      . . . . .

The UNION, which for a long time has plied as a Ferry Boat between Black Rock and Waterloo on the Niagara River, has been laid up, and the splendid propeller INTERNATIONAL taken her place; and the way she walks through piles of ice is hard to beat. She has one of the tallest kind of Captains, and her hands unerstand their business to a "dot." The Clerk is "all right," and the travelling public may depend there will be no detention in crossing the river at this point, as there has been at times heretofore.
      Buffalo Daily Republic
      Thursday, January 19, 1854

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trial trip, &c.
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William R. McNeil
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Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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International (Propeller), 12 Dec 1853