The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Leviathan (Propeller), U14612, 3 Jun 1857

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STEAM TUG LEVIATHAN. - This is the name of a splendid new propeller, just put in commission by the Lake Navigation Company, which, for beauty, strength and speed, challenges the admiration of the world. She is, without exception, the most finished specimen of her class ever built, either on fresh or salt water, and her builders and owners are confident that nothing in the shape of screw steam vessels can pass her. We had some evidence of this fact yesterday, when an excursion was given on board of her to a number of invited guests, during which she acquitted herself to the admiration of all amateurs, and to the astonishment of several old salts on board. The run to the head of Grand Island - about eight miles - and back, from dock to dock, was made in one hour and forty-five minutes, notwithstanding the wind was blowing a gale down the river, thereby increasing the power of the current, against which she had to contend, on her way back, to a very great extent. It is confidently predicted that she will be able to average, in fair weather, fifteen knots per hour. During the excursion, she was under an average pressure of 65 lbs of steam, her engine making about seventy-five revolutions per minute.
      The LEVIATHAN was built by B.B. Jones, in the best style of naval architecture, and rates on the underwriter books, * A 1. Her engines are from the works of Messrs. Barton & Griffin, and are perfect models in their way. The following are the dimensions of the hull:
      feet inches
      Length of keel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 -
      Breadth of beam. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 1
      Depth of hold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 6
      Draft of water, with coal on board . . 8 -

      She has two engines, driving two Philadelphia wheels, ? feet in diameter. Her cylinders are 24 inches in diameter, with 26 inch stroke. Diameter of shafts, 9 1/4 inches. She is superbly fitted up, with cabins and state-rooms for the officers and crew. She is commanded by Capt. James M. Averill, late of the propeller PITTSBURGH, an old and experienced salt, than whom no better floats. Her engineer is Mr. Isaac V. Hewitt, who understands his business, and knows how to make her "go," without expending too much "gas." Mr. J. B. Kelsey is steward.
      The LEVIATHAN leaves for Chicago in a few days, where she will be employed to look after the interests of the vessels belonging to the Lake Navigation Company. We feel like reciprocating hats with any Chicago editor who imagines there is anything on Lake Michigan which can show her its heels.
      Buffalo Daily Republic
      Thursday, June 4, 1857

      . . . . .

      The new steam tug LEVIATHAN, just built by B. B. Jones, for the Lake Navigation Company, made a highly successful trial trip down the river yesterday afternoon, having on board a number of gentlemen as invited guests. The LEVIATHAN is 315 tons burthen, 126 feet long, 26 feet beam, has two engines, built by Barton & Griffin, of this city and fine specimens of mechanism they are, the cylinders being 24 inches, with a 26 inch stroke. She is destined for Chicago, to be there employed in towing and wrecking, and for either purpose possesses qualities superior to any craft on the lake, being put together with reference to strength and power, and with a special eye to battling with the elements in stormy weather. Her construction was supervised by Capt. Averill, and experienced and capable officer, by whom, she will be commanded.
      Buffalo Daily Courier
      Friday, June 5, 1857

SHIPBUILDING. - We give below a table showing the names, tonnage, valuation and builders of the new vessels turned out from our shipyards during the present season. This statement is a gratifying evidence of the prosperity of this branch of trade in our city, affording as it does, employment to a very large class of our citizens.
Class Name Builders Tons Value
Stmr. CITY OF BUFFALO Bidwell & Banta 1,800:00 $225,000
Stmr. CITY OF CLEVELAND Bidwell & Bants 788:15 80,000
Stmr. CYGNET Notter & Co. 26:64 5,000
Prop. HUNTER Bidwell & Banta 667:07 50,000
Prop. EQUINOX F.W. Jones 620:65 50,000
Prop. EQUATOR F.W. Jones 620:65 50,000
Prop. ECLIPSE F.W. Jones 620:65 50,000
Prop. QUINCY Van Slyck, Notter Co. 396:02 30,000
Prop. CITY OF MADISON Van Slyck, Notter Co. 394:53 30,000
Prop. BURLINGTON O'Connor 384:74 30,000
Prop. LA CROSSE O'Connor 397:76 30,000
Prop. DUBUQUE O'Connor 399:74 30,000
Prop. M.B. SPAULDING Hitchcock 383:88 30,000
Prop.Tug RAPID Bidwell & Banta 77:00 5,000
Prop.Tug H.P. CLINTON O'Connor 67:83 5.000
Prop.Tug H.N. MARTIN F.N. JONES 87:34 7,000
Prop.Tug * LEVITHIAN B.B. Jones 315:64 30,000
Prop.Tug A.E. HART Van Slyke, Notter Co. 71:74 5,000
Prop.Tug ST. MARY Van Slyke, Notter Co. 62:23 5,000
Prop.Tug STILLMAN WITT O'Connor 127:92 10,000
Prop.Tug N.P. SPRAGUE F.N. Jones 173:08 10,000
Prop.Tug JOHN ELY Van Slyke, Notter Co. 29:65 5,000
      Total steam 8,515:39 $772,000
Schr. EUROPA O'Connor 391:88 18,000
Schr. MAZAPPA O'Connor 391:42 10,000
Schr. ETHAN ALLEN F.N. Jones 339:91 18,000
Schr. MARIA F. JOHNSON F.N. Jones 287:59 13,000
Schr. A.E. HART F.N. Jones 445:11 18,000
Schr. DIE VERNON F.N. Jones 414:04 18,000
Schr. LONE STAR F.N. Jones 383:76 17,000
Schr. YORK STATE F.N. Jones 389:37 17,000
Schr. GREY EAGLE Bidwell & Banta 380:91 17,000
Schr. SEA BIRD Bidwell & Banta 381:73 17,000
Schr. ROCKET Bidwell & Banta 478:38 18,000
Schr. COMET Bidwell & Banta 478:16 18,000
Schr. MARY BOOTH Bidwell & Banta 141:02 6,000
Schr. CORNELIA Bidwell & Banta 359:63 13,000
Schr. DAUNTLESS B.B. Jones 437:80 18,000
Schr. IMPERIAL B.B. Jones 437:80 18,000
Schr. INVINCIBLE B.B. Jones 437:80 18,000
Schr. J. THURSBY La Paige 359:92 17,000
Schr. WARECAN Kingston 371:44 17,000
      Total 7,308:24 $311,000
      Buffalo Daily Courier
      September 7, 1857
      . . . . .
      Screw LEVIATHAN. U. S. No. 14612. Of 315 tons. Built Buffalo, N.Y., 1857. First home port, Buffalo, N.Y. DISPOSITION. - Lost, Feb. 15, 1892
      Merchant Steam Vessels of the United States
      Lytle - Holdcamper List, 1790 to 1868

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William R. McNeil
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Leviathan (Propeller), U14612, 3 Jun 1857