The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Starrucca (Propeller), U116786, 5 Aug 1897

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      New Steamers, Tugs and Scows at the Union Yard, Marine Mention,
There is great activity at the Union Dry Dock Co.'s shipyards these days. The steel package freight carrier for the Union Steamboat Company is all in frame and most of her bottom plates are on. She is to be called the STARUCCA, after one of the old boats of the Union fleet which was lost some years ago. The new STARUCCA will be almost a sister to the RAMAPO. She is 300 feet long over all, 44 feet beam and 28 feet deep. Two of her four boilers are already in her. They were built by the Lake Erie company and are each 12 feet in diameter by 11-1/2 feet in length and will carry 175 pounds of steam. The STARUCCA will have a triple expansion engine of 23, 38-1/8 and 64 diameter by 42-inch stroke. She will coat about $225,000 and will be ready for sea Sept. 1.
The Union yard is also building two steel dump scows, 200 feet long, 25 feet beam and 12 feet deep, for Dunbar & Sullivan. The scows will be used on the breakwater extension work here and will cost $16,000 each.
There is also partly in frame at the Union yards a big steel tug for the Erie Tug I.ine at Erie, Pa. She will be 87 feet long, 21 feet beam and 11-1/2 feet depth of hold. She will have a fore & aft compound engine of 16 and 32 diameter by 28-inch stroke, and a boiler 10-feet in diameter by 13-feet long. This tug will cost $23,000. A new steel hull for the canal tug J. F. BEHN is also being built at the Union yard. It will be 55-feet long, 14-feet beam and 7-feet deep. The total cost, including the replacement of engines, etc., will be $57,000.
The big barge Standard Oil Co., No. 81 recently launched, is nearing completion. Her steel hull is to be naphta-tight at 10 pounds pressure to the square inch.
The repairs to the excursion steamer CORONA, including her new boiler, will cost between $8,000 and $10,000. She gets entire new upper works. The inspectors have ripped her all to pieces and when she comes out she will be practically a new boat. She will go into service May 29.
      Buffalo Evening News
      Tuesday, April 20, 1897

      . . . . .

It is expected that the new Union Line stm. STARUCCA, building at the works of the Union Dry Dock Co., Buffalo will be launched about August 1.
      Marine Review
      June 3, 1897
      . . . . .

      The Union Drydock Co. will launch the steamer STARUCCA this afternoon at 3:00. Supt. Ganson expects a large crowd to witness the boat slide from the ways.
      Buffalo Morning Express
      August 5, 1897 3-1

      . . . . .

      One Of The Biggest Steamers Built Here Goes Into The Water Today.
      Constructed By The Union Dry Dock Company For The Erie Railroad Line.
      One of the largest steamships ever built in Buffalo, if not the largest, is scheduled for launching at the yard of the Union Dry Dock Co. this afternoon.
      The name of the ship is the STARUCCA, and she is the property of the Erie Railroad Line - the Union Steamboat Company. She is almost a sister ship of the RAMAPO, of the same line, which was launched last summer, but is somewhat larger. She is named after another steamer which was lost years ago.
      The STARUCCA is a steel, spar-deck steamship, with extreme length over all of 340 feet 10 inches; length of keel, 325 feet; depth, 28 feet, and beam, 44 feet. Her hold is divided into nine watertight compartments, seperated by substantial steel bulkheads, and she has a water bottom 54 inches deep.
      Her main deck, spar deck and top-gallant forecastle are entirely of steel, no wooden sheathing being used. She is fitted with two spars each 100 feet long and built of steel plate in three courses, riveted with steel rivets. The spars are 24 inches in diameter at the deck, tapering to six inches at the trucks.
      Great care has been used in determining upon the size and weight of
materials, with the result that the STARUCCA, will be one of the strongest boats on the lakes.
      The STARUCCA's engines were built by the King Iron Works of Buffalo and are of the vertical, inverted triple expansion type with cylinder diameters of 22, 38 1/2 and 64 inches, with 42 inch stroke.
      Steam is supplied at a working pressure of 175 pounds to the square inch by four boilers, built at the Lake Erie Boiler Works, two of them being each 11 feet 6 inches in diameter and 13 feet long. The STARUCCA has the latest and most effective steam steering gear and hoisting apparatus, and is lighted throughout with electricity by a plant installed by the Union Dry Dock Company itself. The deck houses are roomy, and the crew's quarters unusually good.
      It is expected that the STARUCCA will carry 4150 tons of freight on a draft of 16 1/2 feet, at which depth she will have a displacement of 5610 tons and a speed of 14 miles an hour.
      The keel of the STARUCCA was laid on Feb. 16 and her construction has given employment to 500 men ever since. She is practically ready for sea, as her boilers and machinery were put in place and connected and her spars stepped before the launch. It is expected that the new boat will atke on her first cargo, which will be of coal, on Monday next.
      Supt. Edward Gaskin, under whose supervision the STARUCCA has been built, in confident that she will prove a serviceable and handy steamship.
      Capt. Walter Robinson, formerly of the RAMAPO, will command the STARUCCA.
      Buffalo Evening News
      Thursday, August 5, 1897 9-6

      . . . . .

      A Modern Package Freighter.
The steamer STARUCCA which was launched by the Union Dry Dock Co., Buffalo, on Thursday last practically ready to take on cargo when she left the ways, and she is now in commission. This steamer will prove a valuable addition to the Union Line (Erie Railroad Co.), as she is a modern package freight carrier and worthy of a full description.
The STARUCCA is a steel spar deck steamer with water bottom 54 inches deep. Her main hold is divided into nine compartments with substantial constructed bulkheads of steel. Dimensions are: Extreme length over all at rail, 346 feet 10 inches; moulded length, spar deck, 343 feet; length, keel, 325 feet; depth, 28 feet; beam, 44 feet; sheer on spar deck, 4 feet forward, 2 feet 6 inches aft; sheer on gunwale, 5 feet 3 inches forward, 3 feet aft. The decks, main, spar and top-gallant forecastle, are entirely of steel, with no wood sheathing. The spars, two in number, are made of steel plate in three courses, riveted with steel rivets: they arc 100 feet long and 24 inches diameter at deck, tapered to 6 inches at truck. This vessel is built with channel floors and Zee bar frames above the tank, and great care has been exercised in determining size and weight of material used in construction, the result being an unusually strong ship. For handling water ballast sue is equipped with two vertical duplex pumps, 8 by 14 by 16 manufactured by the Deane Steam Pump Co. of Holyoke Mass.. and a single system of piping with a 10 inch main and 6-inch suction in each compartment. all valves being operated from the deck
The engines were built by the King Iron Works of Buffalo and are of the vertical inverted triple expansion type, with three cranks and with cylinders 22, 38 ½ and 64 diameter, and 42: inches stroke. The engines are modern in every particular. There are four Scotch boilers, built by the Lake Erie Boiler Works of Buffalo, two of them being 11 feet 6 inches diameter and Y. feet long and two 11 feet 6 inches diameter by 12 feet length, with two furnaces built in each. All four boilers are to carry a steam pressure of 175 pounds. Between decks there is a double cylinder vertical hoisting engine, having cylinders 10 by 12. with line shafting operating double drums for all hatches. The steamer is also fitted with steam capstan and steam windlass. manufactured by the American Ship Windlass Co., Providence. R. I., and two Dunn stockless anchors, manufactured by the Standard Steel Casting Co. of Thurlow, Pa. The steam steering gear is of the latest pattern, manufactured by Williamson Bros. of Philadelphia. This, with the electric light machinery is placed in the main engine room, so that it will be entirely under the control of the chief engineer. The electric light plant consists of two Westinghouse dynamos, each 5 3/4 K. W., 125 volts, direct connecting to two Westinghouse junior engines with 6 by 5 cylinders. This plant was installed by the builders.
Crews' quarters are located on the spar deck, the deck houses being of wood with steel coamings. They are of sufficient size to give ample room for all the crew, and they are heated throughout by steam and lighted by electricity. It is expected that the STARUCCA will carry 4,150 tons on 16 feet of water. At this draft she has a displacement of 5.610 tons, and it is expected she will have no difficulty in making 14 miles an hour.
      Marine Review
      August 12, 1897
Steam screw STARRUCCA. U. S. No. 116786. Of 3114 gross tons; 2117 tons net. Built Buffalo, N.Y., 1897. Home port, Buffalo, N.Y. 326.5 x 44.0 x 14.9
      Merchant Vessel List, U. S., 1898


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launch Buffalo
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William R. McNeil
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Starrucca (Propeller), U116786, 5 Aug 1897