The port's importance as a ship-building center has declined considerably of late years, although the work done is excellent. There are at present two ship-yards, that of the Union dry-dock company and of R. Mills & Co., each maintaining two docks, and the former building iron as well as wood. Only one vessel is building this season, but she promises to be the largest and finest freight carrier on the lakes. She is a steel steamer for the Anchor line, now about one-third plated at the Union yard, and will be called the SUSQUEHANNA. Her dimensions are: length, 322 feet; beam, 40 feet; hold, 25 feet; capacity, 100,000 bushels of wheat, at 15½ feet draft. She will be launched in July and come out in October. She will carry two masts and be furnished with all the modern appliances. Her engines are three, one cylinder having the dimension of 36 by 48, and the other two 51 by 48 each. They are building at the King iron works. The boilers are steel and five in number. Four are to be each 13 by 11 feet and the other, a donkey boiler on the spar deck, will be 5 by 10. The Lake Erie boiler works has the contract. Her cost will be upwards of $200,000.
"Our Inland Seas"
June 10, 1886
The new steamship SUSQUEHANNA, which is to be launched at Buffalo the middle of next month, will be the finest of her class afloat on western waters, though not the largest in size or dimensions, it is stated.
July 22, 1886
THE SUSQUEHANNA LAUNCHED.
Buffalo, Sept. 4. - The new steel steamship SUSQUEHANNA was successfully launched from the yard of the Union Dry Dock Company this afternoon. Dimension are: Length of keel 296 feet; length over all at top of rail, 322 feet; extreme beam, inside plating, 40 feet; extreme beam over all 41 1/2 feet; molded depth at sides 25 1/2 feet; depth of hold 24 feet 3 inches. She will carry two spars schooner rigged. Her hull is divided by seven water-tight bulkheads, giving four freight compartments, one for the boilers and one for the engine. Aft of the engine room is a water ballast tank to be used for trimming the stern, otherwise the ship has a single bottom. There are three decks, the orlop, consisting of beams only while the main and spar decks are fully plated with steel, the former planked with pine. Her engine is of the double expansion pattern. The high pressure cylinder is 36 inches in diameter with stroke of 48 inches. Steam will be supplied by four boilers of Scotch pattern, made of 3/4 inch steel, each being 13 feet in diameter and 11 1/2 feet long. These will be placed very nearly amidship, running athwartships, two on either side, the firing being done from the center. The driving propeller is 14 feet in diameter, with detachable blades, bolted and cemented to the hub so as to present no angle of resistance. The main shaft is 13 1/2 feet in diameter. The four boilers will draw into one funnel, whose diameter 7 1/2 feet. The outfit of this steamship will be one of the best, and will include steam steering gear. She in intended to carry 2,800 tons of freight besides 250 tons of fuel on a draft of 15 1/2 feet. Her complete cost $212,500. G.B. Mallory, her designer claims that the SUSQUEHANNA will average 15 miles per hour. It will take fully two months to finish her, neither engines or boilers being in place.
The Detroit Tribune
Sunday, September 5, 1886
. . . . .
SUSQUEHANNA.* Built 1886 Package Freight Prop. -Steel
U. S. No. 116128 2500 gt -2065 nt 362.5' x 40' x 16'
Cut in half and taken to Coast; shortened 60' in 1917.
* Renamed (b) PAPYRUS -Brit -1923
(c) DE COSTA -Peru -1924 --
(d) PAPYRUS -Brit -1925
Sold May 26, 1926, to Italian shipbreakers.
Buffalo Dry Dock Co., Shipbuilding Master List
Institute for Great Lakes Research
Steam screw SUSQUEHANNA. U. S. No. 116128. Of 2781 gross tons; 2347 tons net. Built Buffalo, N.,Y., 1886. Home port, Erie, Pa. 302.5 x 40.0 x 16.0 crew of 21. Of 1053 indicated horsepower.
Merchant Vessel List, U. S., 1904