The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Detroit Free Press (Detroit, MI), 7 Nov 1902


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CONSTRUCTION OF MERCHANT VESSELS
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LAKE YARDS EXCEED THOSE ON THE COASTS, GULF AND RIVERS
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BUILT 65 PER CENT MORE TONNAGE THAN OTHER SHIPYARDS
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Washington, November 6. - In the construction of merchant vessels whose dispalcement exceeds 1,000 tons each, the shipyards on the great lakes now surpass all other combined shipyards in the United States, while in the building of steel steamships alone the tonnage of the lakes exceeded in 1902 the aggregate tonnage on the Atlantic, Pacific and Gulf coasts by 63,526, or more than 65 per cent. This proud record has been made since the close of the fiscal year 1901. It is sent forth in the annual report of Eugene C. Chamberlain, commissioner of navigation of the treasury department, soon to be issued. The commissioner states, also, that the construction of steamships on the lakes for the foreign trade has passed the experimental stage and hereafter the volume of such tonnage may be expected to increase rapidly. In this connection he mentions the Buckman and the Watson, which were built at Toledo for that purpose.

During the fiscal year 1902 there were constructed in the lake shipyards 41 steel steamers, each exceeding 1,000 tons displacement and aggregating a gross tonnage of 158,631. During the same period the yards on the seaboard constructed sixteen such vessels, having a combined tonnage of 95,105, their production of other ships of more than 1,000 tons displacement consisted of five steel ferryboats and and thirty two wooden steamers, square-rigged vessels, schooners and barges, whose aggregate tonnage was 61,326. In 1901 the lake yards built forty-seven vessels of over 1,000 tons each, whose total tonnage was 153,606, while the seaboard yards costructed sixty-five such ships with 158,172 tonnage, so that it was during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1902, that the lakes reached their new eminence in the construction of big ships. In so far as small boats are concerned, that is, vessles under 1,000 tons, the seaboard yards built 133,671 tons in 1902 as against 10,242 tons produced in the lake yards.

No more striking comparison between the relative importance of the great lakes and the seaboard in the construction of large steel steamersthan the two tables prepared by Commissioner Chamberlain. The first, containing a list of ships of over 1,000 tons built on the lakes, is a s follows:

STEEL STEAMERS

Name - where builtGross tonnage
Minnewaska, Cleveland5,273
Minnetonka, Cleveland5,270
George W. Peavey, Cleveland4,997
Frank T. Heffelfinger, Chicago4,897
Frederick B. Wells, Chicago4,897
James Gayley, Cleveland4,777
William H. Gratwick, Cleveland4,776
Bransford, West Bay City4,744
Etruria, West Bay City4,744
L.C. Smith, West Bay City4,744
Henry Steinbrenner, Port Huron4,719
J. M. Jenks, Lorain4,644
F. M. Osborn, Lorain4,309
Steel King, Lorain4,308
Frank W. Hart, Lorain4,307
C. W. Watson4,306
E. N. Saunders4,305
Christopher, West Superior4,260
William Nottingham, Buffalo4,234
G. J. Grammer, West Superior3,914
Sonora, West Superior3,914
Sultana, West Superior3,914
Colonel, Wyandotte3,879
Yosemite, Wyandotte3,879
Horace S. Wilkenson, Chicago3,800
W. C. Richardson, Cleveland3,818
William S. Mack, Lorain3,720
William F. Fitch, Wyandotte3,629
W.W. Brown, Chicago3,582
Luzon, Chicago3,582
A. G. Brower, Chicago3,582
Milwaukee, Chicago3,337
Chicago, Buffalo3,195
Western States, Wyandotte3,077
Eastern States, Wyandotte3,077
Pere Marquette*, Cleveland2,775
Hugona**, Wyandotte2,182
Kanawha, Port Huron2,182
Buckman, Toledo1,820
Watson, Toledo1,820
Greyhound, Wyandotte1,392
Total (41)158,631

The second table shows the extent of seaboard building

STEEL STEAMERS

Name - where builtGross tonnage
Kroonland, Philadelphia12,760
Korea, Newport News, Va11,276
Shawmut, Sparrows Point, Md9,606
Tremont, Sparrows Point, Md.9,606
Alaskan, San Francisco8,671
City of Memphis, Chester, Pa5,262
El Siglo, Newport News, Va4,616
El Alba, Newport News, Va4,614
El Dia, Newport News, Va4,613
Denver, Wilmington, Del4,549
Nevadan, Camden, N.J.4,408
Nebraskan, Camden, N.J.4,408
Arapahoe, Philadelphia3,378
Pathfinder, Wilmington, Del.2,792
J.M. Guffey, Camden, N.J.2,520
Spokane, San Francisco2,036
Total (16)95,105


Media Type:
Text
Newspaper
Item Type:
Clippings
Notes:
*Pere Marquette 17 **Hugoma
Date of Original:
7 Nov 1902
Local identifier:
GLN.1920
Language of Item:
English
Donor:
Dave Swayze
Copyright Statement:
Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
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Detroit Free Press (Detroit, MI), 7 Nov 1902