The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Detroit Free Press (Detroit, MI), 24 Apr 1863

Full Text

The rates of toll on the Welland Canal have been fixed as follows for the year 1863:

Class I. - Vessels steam and sail, ea. ton2 1/2 cts
" II. -Passengers 21 years old and upwards, each10
" III. -Bark, barley, bricks, cement, coal, corn, clay, gypsum, ice; Iron - railway pig, scrap, broken castings; Lime - manganese, manures, ores of copper and iron, sand, salt, slate, stone, unwrought; Wheat20
" IV -Apples, agricultural products not enumerated and not being merchandize; Ashes, beef , bacon, bones, bran and ship stuff, broom corn, cattle, cotton, raw; Fish, flax, flour, glass, window; hay, pressed; Ham, hogs, hoops, horns and hoofs, horses; Iron, wrought in sheets, bars or forgings; Iron castings, junk, lard and lard oil, meal of all kinds, marble, nails, oil in barrels, oil cake, pork, rags, rye; seeds, flax, clover and grass; sheep, spikes; stone; wrought; tobacco, unmanufactured; tallow25
" V -Agricultural implements, baggage of settlers, beef, beeswax, butter, buscuits, carts, chalk, charcoal, cheese, cider, coffee, copperas, crockery, dyewoods and dye stuffs, earthenware, furniture, glassware; hides and skins, raw; Hemp, mahogany, manilla, molasses, oakum, paint, pitch, rosin, ships stores, soda ash, steel, stoneware, sugar, tar, tin, turpentine, vinegar, wag-gons (sic), white lead, whiting, whiskey, highwines and spirits,wool30
" VI. -All goods and merchandize not enumerated60
" VII. -Barrels, empty, each2
Boat knees, each5
Floats, per 100 lineal feet for each lock passed3
Firewood, per cord, in vessels20
do do in rafts25
Masts and spars, per ton of 40 c. feet in vessels15
Masts and spars, per ton of 40 c. feet in rafts20
Railway ties in vessels, each1
do in rafts, each2
Sawed stuff, boards, plank, scantling and sawed timber, per M, board measure, in vessels30
do do in rafts50
Square timber, in vessels, per M cubic feet300
do do, rafted600
Waggon stuff, wood ware, and wood partly manufactured, per ton of 40 cubic feet40
Split Posts and fence rails, per M, in vessels40
do do in rafts80
Saw logs, each standard log8
Staves and heading (barrel) per M40
do (pipes) do150
do (W. India) do75


Vessels discharging or receiving cargo at Port Dalhousie, Port Colborne or Port Maitland, shall pay on every ton of freight so received or discharged, five cents.


Ton2,000 lbs avoirdupois1
Per M is per thousand feet
Per mille is per thousand feet
Of apples and green fruit,9 barrels is1
Ashes3 "1
Barley42 bushels is1
Beans33 "1
Beef7 barrels is1
Buscuits and crackers,9 "1
Butter,7 barrels or 24 kegs is1
Corn,30 bushels is1
Fish,7 barrels is1
Flour,9 "1
Gypsum,6 "1
Lard or tallow,7 bbls or 22 kegs is1
Liquors and spirits,215 gallons is1
Liquids, all other,215 "1
Nuts,9 barrels is1
Oats,56 bushels is1
Oysters,6 barrels is 1
Pears,33 bushels is1
Pork,7 barrels is1
Potatoes,33 bushels is1
Rye,36 "1
Salt,7 barrels or 36 "1
Seeds,9 barrels or 36 "1
Stone,12 cubic feet is 1
Whiskey,4 barrels or 215 gallons is1
Wheat,33 bushels is1
Empty barrels,10 " is1
Barrel hoops10 mille is1
Boards and other sawed lumber,600 feet board measure is1
Boat knees,4 pieces is1
Fire wood,1 cord is3
Shingles,12 M or bundles is1
Split posts and fence rails,1 mille is1
Staves, pipe and headings,1 "8
Staves, W. India "1 "4
Staves, barrel, "1 "2 1/2
Square timber,50 cubic feet is1
Round timber,40 cubic feet is1
Round or flatted under 18 inches,50 lineal ft 1
All other wooded ware or partly manufactured wood,40 cubic feet as per tariff, is1

Media Type:
Item Type:
In typical bureaucratic fashion, there was a particular rate for EVERYTHING going through the Welland Canal, even in the 1860's. One can probably presume that prices in classes III through VI are per ton. Imagine, ashes, hoops and rags cost the same rate as sheep, seeds and 'ship stuff.' Cattle cost the same whether walking around or dissembled into beef, bones, horns and hoofs.
Date of Original:
24 Apr 1863
Local identifier:
Language of Item:
Dave Swayze
Copyright Statement:
Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Detroit Free Press (Detroit, MI), 24 Apr 1863