LAW OF OHIO
An ACT for the protection of Steam-boats owned by citizens of this state, and navigated on Lake Erie.
Whereas, in and by an act of the legislature of the state of New York, passed April the eleventh, in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and eight, it is provided "That no person or persons, without the licence of the person entitled to an exclusive right to navigate the waters of that state (under a law of the same) with boats moved by steam or five, or those holding a major part of the interest in such privilege, shall set in motion or navigate upon the waters of the said state, or within the jurisdiction thereof, any boat or vessel moved by steam or fire; and that the said person or persons so navigating with boats or vessels moved by steam or fire, in contravention of the said exclusive right, shall forfeit such boat or boats and vessels, together with the engine, tackle and apparel thereof, to the person claiming such exclusive rights." Therefore, to protect the rights of our own citizens who may navigate the waters of Lake Erie, with boats moved by steam or five:
Sect. 1. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the state of Ohio, That no person or persons shall be permitted to land any passenger or passengers (except as hereinafter mentioned) on the shore of Lake Erie, within the jurisdiction of this state, from any boat or watercraft whatever, where the said boat or water-craft shall have received said passenger or passengers, from a boat moved by steam or fire, where the owner or owners of said boat last mentioned shall claim the right and privilege to navigate so much of the waters of Lake Erie as is within the jurisdiction of the state of New York, under color of any law of said state, granting the exclusive right of navigation to Robert R. Livingston and Robert Fulton and their assigns; Provided however, This act shall not extend to the landing of any passenger or passengers from any boat owned as aforesaid, and moved by steam or fire, where the life of any passenger or passengers shall be endangered by the stress of weather, or from any other cause whatever; And provided also, That the provisions of this act shall not extend to any person or persons who shall land any passenger or passengers, taken from any steam-boat owned as aforesaid, and moved by steam or fire, where such owner or owners, in whom the exclusive right as aforesaid is or shall be vested, shall give and grant free of contribution to such citizens of this state, as are or shall be owners of a boat moved by steam or fire when thereunto requested, the privileges of navigating so much of the waters of Lake Erie, as are within the jurisdiction of New York.
Sect. 2. Be it further enacted That each and every person who shall in violation of the preceding section of this act, land any passenger or passengers within the jurisdiction of this state on the shore of Lake Erie, shall forfeit and pay the sum of one hundred dollars for each and every passenger so landed, to be recovered in an action of debt, in any court having cognizance thereof, one moiety to the treasury of the state, and the other moiety to the use of the person who shall prosecute the same to effect, together with the costs of suit.
Sect. 3. And be it further enacted, That any person prosecuting under the previous provisions of this act, may sue a capias ad respondendum, and hold the person or person violating the foregoing provisions, to enter bail for his or their appearance, on the return of the writ to the court having cognizance of such suit.
... Feb. 1, 1822.