The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Robert Fulton (Steamboat), 13 Jun 1844

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      Opposition Steamboats.-- The Julia Palmer, running in opposition to the Steamboat Combination, and the Robert Fulton, belonging to the Combination, left on Tuesday evening, both crowded with passengers; fare to Buffalo, and found, 25 cents, or the option of the passengers.
      Bands of Music on each boat kept up during the day, a fierce encounter of the popular airs, and the runners had a day of sport they had hardly encountered since the era of Combinations. A large crowd collected on the wharf and cheered enthusiasticly the opposition boat as she passed down the river. We learn that the Julia Palmer is up for the season as an opposition boat.
      Detroit Daily Advertizer
      June 13, 1844

Steamboat JULIA PALMER -- Opposition to the Combination
      The manifest injury inflicted upon the farmer, the merchant and the traveling public, by combined owners of steamboats, and other lines and modes of conveyance, has become of that aggrevating nature to require general censure; but it is not everyone whose interests are affected, that can be acquainted with the machinery these speculators put in motion to filch from them their earnings.
      It is not generally known that the traveling public are paying an enormous amount for a large number of unseaworthy boats, which are laid up and in fact useless. Each boat belonging to these combined owners is valued and placed in the line at so much the season, or it is laid up in ordinary, as unseaworthy, or for the purpose of a saving of fuel and men.-- The prices are then arranged at enormous rates, and the public is compelled to submit, both in the transportation of produce, merchandise and passage. These rates are at least 100 percent more than on any other general route in the Union, and the proprieters are amassing vast fortunes. For instance, the fare for the present season, on the eastern railroads, belonging to companies, have been reduced to rates more than 100 percent less than we are compelled to pay on the Central Railroad, in this state, and so with boat navigation on the Hudson, the eastern rivers, coastwise, every species of conveyance south of New York, on the Ohio, the Mississipi, and the country at large; and all those companies are making money, and constantly adding improvements and additional facilities. Yet with us, prices remain stationary--stationary, because the unholy combination, who have entered into a conspiracy to usurp and control the upper lakes--either succeed in buying up or driving off the waters every species of craft contending with them. Instance now within a short time, indeed, within the hour we write this, a report is in circulation, that by paying to the Western Stage Company or the Steamboat Champion, connected with it , a large bonus, they prevail upon thhe company, which has heretofore run in connection with the JULIA PALMER, and at reasonable rates to connect themselves with their interest and charge full fare, the combination acting as agents and taking and receipting throught from Buffalo to Chicago, and vice versa, thus doubling damaging the people of Michigan, by driving passengers around the lakes on their boats and withdrawing patronage from the Central Railroad.
      Again to drive off the water the JULIA PALMER, the only opposition boat between Detroit and Buffalo, the Steamboat ROBERT FULTON is put upon her track and when the JULIA is steady in her prices at $4 for cabin passage and $1 for deck or steerage, the FULTON takes any price, even as low as two shillings. Now let the public look at this crusade against their own interests, and against the only boat that keeps her head out of water to combat those who are daily filching from them their money. Let it be well looked to and let the JULIA PALMER be patronized and kept afloat, through a spirit of justice and patriotism, if from no other motives, until public opinion enforces.
      Detroit Daily Advertizer
      July 16, 1844

      Opposition steaming keeps up. The JULIA PALMER and ROBERT FULTON went out yesterday full of music and mirth. Opposition is the soul of trade.
      Detroit Daily Advertizer
      July 17, 1844

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route and competition
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William R. McNeil
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Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Robert Fulton (Steamboat), 13 Jun 1844