The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Amazon (Barge), U30089, 12 Dec 1897

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Powerful Steamers are Needed for the Big Consorts. - The experience of the steamer BULGARIA with the big steel tow barge AMAZON on Lake Superior is conclusive proof of the inability of the old type of wooden steamer to handle the modern 6,000-ton barge. In calm weather the BULGARIA has towed this barge from the Sault to Duluth in forty-eight to fifty hours, but on this fall trip, meeting with head winds, snow storms and bad weather generally she was forced to seek shelter, and was full ten days in making the trip. When the Corrigan's of Cleveland began to build steel tow barges to be placed behind their wooden steamers, it was thought that this would be the policy of other owners of good wooden ships who found themselves unable to compete with the steel carriers on account of the great difference in capacity. The loss in capacity of the steamer would be made up, it was claimed, by the advantage to be gained in towing a large barge. But the power of the wooden steamers has proven altogether inadequate. Further proof of this conclusion is found in the fact that the steamers now being built to tow these big consorts will have, with quadruple expansion engines and water tube boilers, a horse power in some cases of 2,300 to 2,700
      The Marine Review
      December 2, 1897
Barge AMAZON. U. S. No. 30089. Of 3599 gross tons; 3331 tons net. Built Chicago, Ill., 1897. Home port, Cleveland, Ohio. Crew of 8.
      Merchant Vessel List, U. S., 1906

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troublesome tow
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William R. McNeil
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Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Amazon (Barge), U30089, 12 Dec 1897