The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
H. S. Holden (Propeller), U96416, 27 Apr 1899

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The steamer HENDRICK S. HOLDEN, built by the Globe Iron Works Co., Cleveland, and owned by Capt. John Mitchell and others, is one of the modern iron ore carriers of the great lakes. She is fitted with quadruple expansion engines and Scotch boilers and with the Ellis & Eaves system of hot draft. Engine cylinders are 20 1/2, 30 1/4, 44 and 63 ½ inches in diameter with a common stroke of 42 inches. cards taken out on a recent steam trial of this vessel are presented herewith. In reporting the test to General Manager Newman of the Globe company, Chief Engineer W. N. Howell says:
      The test was begun, according to your instructions, at 3:05, standard time, and continued until 5:00 o'clock, and during this time nine sets of cards were taken from the main engines at approximately 15 minute intervals. The best of these sets, No. 7. with eighty revolutions and 195 pounds of steam, gives about 1,800 H. P., the blower engines making 300 revolutions and giving a vacuum at the fan suction of 1 3/4 inches of water. The main engines and auxiliary machinery ran smoothly during the trial and gave no trouble whatever. Coal was weighed on a platform scale in the forward bunker and was served to the firemen through the coal bunker doors, 6000 pounds being consumed during the test. No attempt was made to weigh the ashes, as it was found impossible to get rid of the ashes accumulated before the test, owing to the clogging of the ash ejector. The temperature of the gases at the base of the stack was approximately 400 degrees obtained by insetting a ladle containing an alloy (whose melting point was known) into the smokebox just above the air heating tubes
With an IHP of 1800 and coal consumption of 3000 pounds per hour the consumption per IHP is 1.66, and this takes no account of auxiliaries. Some trouble was experienced with the air dampers on the furnace fronts and it is recommended that the dampers admitting air below the fire bars be taken out altogether, as they are of no use for regulation and only retard the admission of hot air to the ash pits. It would also be better to close the dampers at the sides of the furnace doors arid depend entirely on the upper damper for air above the fire. It will be necessary to adjust the reducing valve which supplies the blower engines with steam, so that they can make 450 turns instead of 300, as at present. This will bring up the vacuum in the fan suctions to 3 inches of water and greatly improve the steaming powers of the boilers. No attempt was made to take cards from the auxiliaries."
      The Marine Review
      April 27, 1899

Seven steel steamers, worth a full million and a half, and four of them of the 6,000-gross-ton type, is by no means a small fleet of lake freighters, even in these days of great combinations in the iron industry and among transportation companies allied with that industry. The seven ships referred to are those controlled by Capt. John Mitchell of Cleveland. One of them, the M.A. HANNA, named for Ohio's well known representative in the United States senate, is illustrated herewith. Another, the HOLDEN, is a duplicate of the HANNA as regards hull dimensions, and two more are under construction at the Globe yard of the American Ship Building Co., one to be delivered in a couple of months but the other not to come out until April next. Three smaller steamers of the fleet have been in commission for three or four years past and are of only 4000 to 4500 gross tons capacity. These are the LAGONDA, MCWILLIAMS and W.H. GRATWICK
When the new ships of this fleet were ordered several months ago, the policy of the Mitchell interest in assuming heavy indebtedness for new vessels without direct connection of any kind with producing or manufacturing concerns in the iron industry, was criticized. Other vessel owners were being pushed aside by the concerns that had iron ore to guarantee a business for the ships. The "tramp" owner was supposed to have only a minor place in future operations on the lakes, as far as the transportation of ore is concerned, but with the change for the better that has taken place in all lines of industry, it is more than probable that the owners of those ships will find a profitable business for them for a long time to come. They are of a kind capable of competing with the best freighters afloat. The new ones among them would sell for many thousand dollars more than the prices at which contracts were made.
The HANNA on her first trip moved 238,587 bushels of corn (6,700 net tons) from Duluth to Buffalo on even 17 feet draught and at 11 ½ miles speed, loaded. This load is practically equal to the average cargo of the HOLDEN-duplicate ship of the same fleet. Both steamers are of the same dimensions - 410 feet between perpendiculars, 50 feet beam and 28 feet depth - but they differ in power. The HOLDEN has quadruple expansion engines of 20 1/4 30 1/4, 44 and 63 inches diameter, and 42 inches stroke. with three boilers, 12 feet diameter and 12 feet long, supplying steam at 230 pounds pressure. The HANNA has triple expansion engines of 23, 37 ½ and 63 inches diameter, and 42 inches stroke, with three boilers 12 feet 6 inches long and 12 feet diameter, supplying steam at 180 pounds pressure. Engines and boilers of the two new boats building at the Globe works are in all respects similar to those of the HANNA, but the ships themselves will each be 6 feet longer than either the HANNA or HOLDEN. Boilers of all four of the steamers are fitted with the Ellis & Eaves system of induced draft.
      The Marine Review
      June 1, 1899

Steam screw HENDRICK S. HOLDEN. U. S. No. 96416. Of 4,444 gross tons; 3,091 tons net. Built Cleveland, Ohio, 1898. Home port, Cleveland, Ohio. 408.4 x 50.0 x 24.3 Steel built.
      Merchant Vessel List, U. S., 1899

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steam trials
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William R. McNeil
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Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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H. S. Holden (Propeller), U96416, 27 Apr 1899