The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Douglas Houghton (Propeller), U157552, 16 Mar 1899

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Following out the scheme of naming vessels of the Bessemer Steamship Co. (Rockefeller fleet) for men of special attainments in the iron and steel industry, it has been decided to give the name DOUGLAS HOUGHTON to the steamer building at the works of the Globe Company, Cleveland. This is honoring an eminent geologist of the state of Michigan, to whom the steel industry is indebted for much pertaining to the Gogebic ore range.
The tow barge nearing completion at West Superior will be named JOHN SMEATON. Names for the other vessels to be built at the works of the American Steel Barge Co.. West Superior. have not been announced as yet, as these vessels are not to go into commission until the spring of 1900. John Smeaton was the inventor of the cast iron blowing cylinder, which greatly facilitated the manufacture of pig iron. Mr. Smeaton's cylindrical cast iron bellows. taking the place of the wooden or leather bellows, was used for the first time in connection with James Watt's improvements in the steam engine at the Carron Iron Works in Scotland, about 1769. The effect of the introduction of both of these improvements in blast furnace machinery was to greatly increase the blast and consequently to increase the production of iron. The blast, however continued to be cold at all furnaces. both coke and charcoal, and so remained until 1828, when James Beaumont Neilson of Scotland invented the hot blast. which is now in general use.
      The Marine Review
      March 16, 1899

The steamer DOUGLAS HOUGHTON, a duplicate of the Rockefeller steamer SAMUEL F.B. MORSE, was launched from the Globe yards in Cleveland this afternoon. She is being built for the Bessemer Steamship Co.
      Port Huron Daily Times
      Tuesday, June 6, 1899

The steamer DOUGLAS HOUGHTON, a duplicate of the SAMUEL F.B. MORSE building for the Bessemer Steamship Co., was launched at the yard of the Globe Iron Works at Cleveland, Saturday, June 3.
      The Marine Review
      June 8, 1899

Citizens of Houghton, Mich., will present the new Bessemer line steamer DOUGLAS HOUGHTON, nearing completion at the Globe works of the American Ship Building Co., Cleveland, with an elegant United States flag.
      The Marine Review
      June 29, 1899

On behalf of the citizens of Houghton, Mich., Hon. C.D. Shelden a few days ago presented to the new Rockefeller steamer DOUGLAS HOUGHTON an elegant United States flag. The citizens of Houghton proposed to present to the new vessel a full set of colors, but these had already been provided and the large flag was accepted with equal appreciation by Mr. L. M. Bowers of the Bessemer Steamship Co., representing the company. DOUGLAS HOUGHTON for whom the new steamer is named, was one of the pioneers in the development of the Lake Superior copper
      The Marine Review
      August 10, 1899

Steam screw DOUGLAS HOUGHTON. U. S. No. 157552. Of 5332 gross tons; 4034 tons net. Built Cleveland, Ohio, 1899. Home port, Duluth, Minn. 456.0 x 50.0 x 24.2
      Merchant Vessel List, U. S. 1900

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launch Cleveland
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William R. McNeil
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Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Douglas Houghton (Propeller), U157552, 16 Mar 1899