The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
M. A. Hanna (Propeller), 18 May 1899

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      The steamer M.A. HANNA, recently completed at the yard of the Globe Iron Works Co., Cleveland, took on a cargo of 237,000 bushels of corn on her initial trip from Duluth.
      The Marine Review
      May 18, 1899

      Seven steel steamers, worth a full million and a half, and four of them of the 6,000-gross-ton type, is by no means a small fleet of lake freighters, even in these days of great combinations in the iron industry and among transportation companies allied with that industry. The seven ships referred to are those controlled by Capt. John Mitchell of Cleveland. One of them, the M.A. HANNA, named for Ohio's well known representative in the United States senate, is illustrated herewith. Another, the HOLDEN, is a duplicate of the HANNA as regards hull dimensions, and two more are under construction at the Globe yard of the American Ship Building Co., one to be delivered in a couple of months but the other not to come out until April next. Three smaller steamers of the fleet have been in commission for three or four years past and are of only 4000 to 4500 gross tons capacity. These are the LAGONDA, MCWILLIAMS and W.H. GRATWICK
      When the new ships of this fleet were ordered several months ago, the policy of the Mitchell interest in assuming heavy indebtedness for new vessels without direct connection of any kind with producing or manufacturing concerns in the iron industry, was criticized. Other vessel owners were being pushed aside by the concerns that had iron ore to guarantee a business for the ships. The "tramp" owner was supposed to have only a minor place in future operations on the lakes, as far as the transportation of ore is concerned, but with the change for the better that has taken place in all lines of industry, it is more than probable that the owners of those ships will find a profitable business for them for a long time to come. They are of a kind capable of competing with the best freighters afloat. The new ones among them would sell for many thousand dollars more than the prices at which contracts were made.
      The HANNA on her first trip moved 238,587 bushels of corn (6,700 net tons) from Duluth to Buffalo on even 17 feet draught and at 11 ½ miles speed, loaded. This load is practically equal to the average cargo of the HOLDEN-duplicate ship of the same fleet. Both steamers are of the same dimensions - 410 feet between perpendiculars, 50 feet beam and 28 feet depth - but they differ in power. The HOLDEN has quadruple expansion engines of 20 1/4 30 1/4, 44 and 63 inches diameter, and 42 inches stroke. with three boilers, 12 feet diameter and 12 feet long, supplying steam at 230 pounds pressure. The HANNA has triple expansion engines of 23, 37 ½ and 63 inches diameter, and 42 inches stroke, with three boilers 12 feet 6 inches long and 12 feet diameter, supplying steam at 180 pounds pressure. Engines and boilers of the two new boats building at the Globe works are in all respects similar to those of the HANNA, but the ships themselves will each be 6 feet longer than either the HANNA or HOLDEN. Boilers of all four of the steamers are fitted with the Ellis & Eaves system of induced draft.
      The Marine Review
      June 1, 1899

      Another of the big ore carriers has reached the 6500-gross-ton mark. The Mitchell steamer M.A. HANNA of Cleveland has just moved on about 18 feet draught 6.562 gross (1 per cent added to bill of lading weight for moisture) or 7,349 net tons of ore from Escanaba to Ashtabula.
      The Marine Review
      June 29, 1899

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William R. McNeil
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Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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M. A. Hanna (Propeller), 18 May 1899