The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Columbia (Propeller), U125947, 1 Sep 1881

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The Launch. -- The steamship COLUMBIA was successfully launched from Messrs. Presley & Co.'s yard Saturday afternoon, at about 2:45 o'clock. The crowd who witnessed it was very large, and nearly every available place was occupied.
The COLUMBIA was built for Messrs. J. C. Lockwood, of Milan; George A. Tisdale; W. B. Guiles, and Captain J. D. Peterson, and cost about $120,000. She compares favorably with the other first-class steamers constructed at this port, the builders having spared no labor or expense in her construction. The materials used has been all first-class, and in point of strength, beauty of model and finish, the COLUMBIA has no superior on the lakes.
      Her Dimensions
are as follows: Length of keel 236 feet; over all 250 feet; breadth of beam 35 feet 8 inches, and depth of hold 19 feet. She is a double-decked, three-masted, schooner rigged steamer. She rates A 1, and will measure 1,350 tons, and is expected to carry 1,700 gross tons. Her keel is 14 x 10 inches. The frames are of 6-inch fitch, molded at the keel 17 inches; at the bilge 14 inches, and 6 inches at the head, placed 21 inches between centers. Her main and rider keelsons are 10 x 16 inches, assistant and assistant rider keelsons 12 x 12 inches, and 12 inches apart. She was floored athwartships with one thickness of pine and one of oak. The ceiling is 6 inches thick, and edge bolted from the bilge to the rail, and 1-1/4 and 7/8th inch iron is driven through her keelsons and ceiling.
      The Outside Planking
is 5 inches thick on the bottom; garboard strake 6 inches; bilge strakes 8 and 9 inches, and from the bilge up, 4 inches and edge bolted. Her shelf pieces are 5 x 5 inches under the main and spar deck. The lower deck beams are 8 x 12 inches, and upper deck beams 6 to 8 inches thick. The stanchions in the hold and between decks 8 x 8 inches and kneed at head and foot. Her deck beams are kneed with 6-inch knees, of which there are between four and five hundred. She is square spiked and bolted through and through. A wooden arch of oak extends from the bilge aft the engine up to the upper deck and forward 140 feet, and 6 feet wide and 4 inches thick. This largely strengthens the sides of the ship. All the frames, ceiling and arch planks are grooved for ventilation and brime. There are ventilating pipes forward and aft, and brass salt stops on the head of the frames and covering board. Her rail and bulwarks are solid from end to end with no opening.
      Her Engine
She has two powerful low-pressure engines, constructed by the Globe Iron Works, similar to those of the steamship REPUBLIC. They are 36 x 36 inches. Her boiler is 12 x 18 feet. She has double steel furnaces of iron shell, tested to sixty pounds of steam. The boiler is located in a wrought iron pan which rests on wrought iron beams running from side to side. Her wheel is eleven feet in diameter.
She is provided with all modern appliances for hoisting cargo, pumping ship and extinguishing fires, and has such convenience to her cabin and elsewhere are as essential in modern vessels of her class. Take her as a whole her builders have added another ship to our lake marine of which they may justly feel proud. Her outfit is furnished by Messrs. Upson, Walton & Co., the plumbing and piping by Parsons, painting by Robinson, and chains, cables by Rounds & Co., of Cleveland.
She will be commanded by Captain J. D. Peterson, with Fred Grover as mate. The Engineer will be Jerry havelock and Frank havelock, the son of the engineer, will act as second engineer.
It is expected she will start on her maiden trip in about ten days.
      Cleveland herald
      Monday, September 5, 1881
Steam screw COLUMBIA. U. S. No. 125947. Of 1373.91 tons gross; 1053.12 tons net. Built Cleveland, Ohio 1881. Home port, Sandusky, Ohio. 235.4 x 35.6 x 18.0
      Merchant Vessel List, U. S., 1891

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launch, Cleveland
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William R. McNeil
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Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Columbia (Propeller), U125947, 1 Sep 1881