The Maritime History of the Great Lakes
Detroit Gazette (Detroit, MI), 4 Feb. 1830, page 2

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We received last week, a Report in pamphlet form, of the Directors of the Welland Canal Company, from which we make a few extracts.

"An important and remarkable feature in this canal is, the expanded surface it presents along a great portion of its course, from its numerous reservoirs, and the peculiar make of the country through which it passes, enabling a large vessel to glide through this navigation with nearly the same facility that a boat does in a canal confined within its artificial channel. These facts, which were evident to all who saw the passage of the schooners Ann & Jane, and R.H. Boughton, have given a confidence in the work, which its warmest friends could scarcely have ventured to expect at so early a stage.

"Vessels drawing 7 1/2 feet water, and not having more than 21 1/2 feet breadth of beam, coming from any port on Lake Erie with produce, will sail down the river Niagara, until they approach within about a fourth of a mile from the mouth of the river Welland or Chippewa. There they will enter a canal, which has been cut across a point of land into the river Welland, in order to avoid the difficulty and danger of descending the river Niagara so low as to the mouth of the Welland.

"The Directors are desirous of giving to the public all the information that can be of use in enabling them to avail themselves, promptly, of the advantages which this canal will afford; and they therefore, communicate a schedule of the rates of toll which they propose for the ensuing year, viz:

Flour 4d. per bbl.
Pork 6d. do.
Ashes 1s do.
Pipe Staves, 20s. per M.

"This information will enable merchants living in Ohio and other parts of the United States to make their calculations, and determine whether it will be their interest to send through this channel such of their produce as may be destined for New york. As to produce of every kind intended to be sent to Montreal, there can be no doubt that it will pass through the Welland Canal.

"Foreign vessels using the canal and not breaking bulk will meet with neither detention nor charge, but will pass through this artificial channel in the same manner as they have always done through the waters of the Lakes and Rivers within our boundaries. If they desire to break bulk they must of course enter regularly in the same manner as at any other port."

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Column 5
Date of Original:
4 Feb. 1830
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Dave Swayze
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Public domain: Copyright has expired according to the applicable Canadian or American laws. No restrictions on use.
Maritime History of the Great Lakes
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Detroit Gazette (Detroit, MI), 4 Feb. 1830, page 2