"In the meantime the steam tonnage of the screw wheel system has become of immense magnitude. The propeller 'Vandalia," Capt. Rufus Hawkins, built by Sylvester doolittle and partners, about the year 1841, at oswego, was the pioneer of this useful and now important branch of our lake marine. This was the first screw wheel steamer ever built upon fresh waters, and her success was equal to the expectations of her owners. The 'Vandalia' run
between this port and Chicago, and did a large and successful business in carrying passengers and freight. She was finally sold to parties in Canada, and was lost by collision with a vessel."
"The 'Oswego, built by the same parties, came out in the following spring, with such improvements as were suggested by experience. About the year 1853 she was rebuilt into a schooner called the 'Roman,' which was lost, last fall, on Lake Erie.
"The 'Chicago' came out soon afterwarda, and in '45 was sold and went to Lake Superior.
"The 'Racine' and 'New York' were the next propellers of the time. They were run upon the lakes for a number of years, and finally transferred to Lake Champlain."
report of the trade and commerce of Oswego for the year 1858
reported in the Oswego Commercial Times of March 11, 1859.